See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 163 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 手十弓中 (QJNL), four-corner 57027, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1269, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39310
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1768, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3756, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+90A6

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *proːŋ): phonetic  ‎(OC *pʰoŋ) + semantic 

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pɑŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /paŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /pɑŋ²¹/
Jinan /paŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /paŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /paŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /paŋ²¹/
Xining /pɔ̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /pɑŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /pɑ̃³¹/
Ürümqi /pɑŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /paŋ⁵⁵/
Chengdu /paŋ⁵⁵/
Guiyang /paŋ⁵⁵/
Kunming /pã̠/
Nanjing /paŋ³¹/
Hefei /pɑ̃²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /pɒ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /pɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /pɑ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /pɑ̃²³/
Suzhou /pɑ̃⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /pɑŋ³³/
Wenzhou /puɔ³³/
Hui Shexian /pɔ³¹/
Tunxi /pau¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /pan³³/
Xiangtan /pɔn³³/
Gan Nanchang /pɔŋ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /paŋ⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /pɑŋ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pɔŋ⁵³/
Nanning /pɔŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /pɔŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /paŋ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pouŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pɔŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /paŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbaŋ²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (1)
Final () (9)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pˠʌŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/pᵚɔŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/pɔŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/paɨwŋ/
Li
Rong
/pɔŋ/
Wang
Li
/pɔŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pɔŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
bāng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
bāng
Middle
Chinese
‹ pæwng ›
Old
Chinese
/*pˤroŋ/
English country

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3200
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*proːŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. nation, country, state

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. home country (usually refers to Japan)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana くに, romaji kuni)

  1. Alternative spelling of

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(bang) (hangeul , revised bang, McCune-Reischauer pang, Yale pang)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(vâng, bang, bương)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
Read in another language