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See also:
U+90A6, 邦
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-90A6

[U+90A5]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+90A7]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 163, +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 手十弓中 (QJNL), four-corner 57027, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1269, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39310
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1768, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3756, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+90A6

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. #

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*proːŋ
*proːŋ
*proːŋ
*pʰroːŋs, *pʰroːŋs
*broːŋʔ, *breːŋʔ
*broːŋʔ
*broːŋʔ
*broːŋʔ
*poːŋʔ
*poːŋʔ, *boːŋʔ
*poːŋʔ, *boŋs
*boːŋ
*boːŋ, *pʰoŋ
*boːŋ
*boːŋ
*boːŋ
*boːŋʔ, *boŋʔ
*boːŋʔ
*pʰoŋ
*pʰoŋ
*pʰoŋ
*pʰoŋ
*pʰoŋ
*pʰoŋ
*pʰoŋ
*pʰoŋ
*pʰoŋ
*pʰoŋ
*pʰoŋ, *boŋ, *ɡaːds
*pʰoŋʔ
*boŋ
*boŋ, *boŋs
*boŋ
*boŋ, *boŋs
*boŋʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *proːŋ): phonetic  (OC *pʰoŋ) + semantic .

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pɑŋ˥˥/
Harbin /paŋ˦˦/
Tianjin /pɑŋ˨˩/
Jinan /paŋ˨˩˧/
Qingdao /paŋ˨˩˧/
Zhengzhou /paŋ˨˦/
Xi'an /paŋ˨˩/
Xining /pɔ̃˦˦/
Yinchuan /pɑŋ˦˦/
Lanzhou /pɑ̃˧˩/
Ürümqi /pɑŋ˦˦/
Wuhan /paŋ˥˥/
Chengdu /paŋ˥˥/
Guiyang /paŋ˥˥/
Kunming /pã̠/
Nanjing /paŋ˧˩/
Hefei /pɑ̃˨˩/
Jin Taiyuan /pɒ̃˩˩/
Pingyao /pɑŋ˩˧/
Hohhot /pɑ̃˧˩/
Wu Shanghai /pɑ̃˨˧/
Suzhou /pɑ̃˥˥/
Hangzhou /pɑŋ˧˧/
Wenzhou /puɔ˧˧/
Hui Shexian /pɔ˧˩/
Tunxi /pau˩˩/
Xiang Changsha /pan˧˧/
Xiangtan /pɔn˧˧/
Gan Nanchang /pɔŋ˦˨/
Hakka Meixian /paŋ˦˦/
Taoyuan /pɑŋ˨˦/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pɔŋ˥˧/
Nanning /pɔŋ˥˥/
Hong Kong /pɔŋ˥˥/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /paŋ˥˥/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pouŋ˦˦/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pɔŋ˥˦/
Shantou (Min Nan) /paŋ˧˧/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbaŋ˨˧/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (1)
Final () (9)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pˠʌŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/pᵚɔŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/pɔŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/paɨwŋ/
Li
Rong
/pɔŋ/
Wang
Li
/pɔŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pɔŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
bāng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
bāng
Middle
Chinese
‹ pæwng ›
Old
Chinese
/*pˁroŋ/
English country

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3200
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*proːŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. nation, country, sovereign state
  2. state (political division of a federation)

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“group; gang; to help; to assist; to aid; etc.”).
(This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
Notes:

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. home country (usually refers to Japan)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana くに, rōmaji kuni)

  1. Alternative spelling of

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(bang) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(vâng, bang, bương)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.