See also:
U+90A6, 邦
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-90A6

[U+90A5]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+90A7]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 163, +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 手十弓中 (QJNL), four-corner 57027, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1269, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39310
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1768, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 3756, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+90A6

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. #

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *proːŋ): phonetic (OC *pʰoŋ) + semantic .

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pɑŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /paŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /pɑŋ²¹/
Jinan /paŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /paŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /paŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /paŋ²¹/
Xining /pɔ̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /pɑŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /pɑ̃³¹/
Ürümqi /pɑŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /paŋ⁵⁵/
Chengdu /paŋ⁵⁵/
Guiyang /paŋ⁵⁵/
Kunming /pã̠⁴⁴/
Nanjing /paŋ³¹/
Hefei /pɑ̃²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /pɒ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /pɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /pɑ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /pɑ̃²³/
Suzhou /pɑ̃⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /pɑŋ³³/
Wenzhou /puɔ³³/
Hui Shexian /pɔ³¹/
Tunxi /pau¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /pan³³/
Xiangtan /pɔn³³/
Gan Nanchang /pɔŋ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /paŋ⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /pɑŋ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pɔŋ⁵³/
Nanning /pɔŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /pɔŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /paŋ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pouŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pɔŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /paŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbaŋ²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (1)
Final () (9)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pˠʌŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/pᵚɔŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/pɔŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/paɨwŋ/
Li
Rong
/pɔŋ/
Wang
Li
/pɔŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pɔŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
bāng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
bong1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
bāng
Middle
Chinese
‹ pæwng ›
Old
Chinese
/*pˁroŋ/
English country

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3200
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*proːŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. nation; country; sovereign state
    /   ―  bāng  ―  foreign country
      ―  yǒubāng  ―  nation or country friendly to one's own country
    /   ―  línbāng  ―  neighbouring country
      ―  bāngjiāo  ―  diplomatic relations
    一言興 / 一言兴  ―  yīyánxìngbāng  ―  One inspirational sentence can revitalize a nation.
  2. state (political division of a federation)
    克欽 / 克钦  ―  Kèqīn Bāng  ―  Kachin State, Myanmar
  3. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“the sides of an object; to help; to assist; to aid; etc.”).
(This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
Notes:

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. home country (usually refers to Japan)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

NounEdit

(くに) (kuni

  1. Alternative spelling of

KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (MC pˠʌŋ). Recorded as Middle Korean 바ᇰ (Yale: pang) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 나라 (nara bang))

  1. Hanja form? of (country).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: vâng, bang, bương

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.