U+68D2, 棒
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-68D2

[U+68D1]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+68D3]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 75, +8, 12 strokes, cangjie input 木手大手 (DQKQ), four-corner 45953, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 532, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14929
  • Dae Jaweon: page 920, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1222, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+68D2

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms “stick”
 
Wikipedia has an article on:

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *broːŋʔ): semantic (tree, wood) + phonetic (OC *boŋʔ) – a wooden club.

EtymologyEdit

The semantics may have developed along the grammaticalisation process “stick” > “hard” > “excellent”; compare dialectal Mandarin (gàng) (Yang, 2012).

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (3)
Final () (9)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bˠʌŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/bᵚɔŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/bɔŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/baɨwŋX/
Li
Rong
/bɔŋX/
Wang
Li
/bɔŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱɔŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
bàng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3207
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*broːŋʔ/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. stick; club; truncheon
  2. to hit with a stick
  3. (colloquial) terrific; smart; handsome; excellent; skillful
    文章下來 [MSC, trad.]
    文章下来 [MSC, simp.]
    Zhè piān wénzhāng xiěde duō bàng a, bèi xiàlái. [Pinyin]
    How excellently written is this article! Learn it by heart.
  4. (colloquial) hefty; strong

SynonymsEdit

  • (Cantonese) (excellent): (zeng3)

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. bar, staff, stick, pole, walking stick, cane, stave, strove, rod, wand, (shepherd's) crook.
  2. straight line.

ReadingsEdit

EtymologyEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
ぼう
Grade: 6
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC bˠʌŋX). The goon pronunciation, so likely an earlier borrowing.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(ぼう) ( (historical kana ばう)

  1. a staff, measuring 6 shaku (about 1.8 meters), used in martial arts such as 棒術 (bōjutsu)
  2. (by extension) stick-like or long, cylindrical item: pointer, pole, rod, etc.
    (ぼう)()
    o motsu
    to hold a pointer
    うまい(ぼう)
    Umai
    Umaibō (a cylinder-shaped snack food)
    (ぼう)のぼり
    -nobori
    pole climbing (found in elementary schools to train the strength of students)
  3. (by extension) a straight line; bar
  4. (by extension) state of being in a "straight line"; continuous
  5. taut leg muscles due to fatigue (Can we verify(+) this sense?)
  6. (Buddhism) staff used by practitioners of Zen Buddhism

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 몽둥이 (mongdung-i bong))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(vổng, bọng, bộng, bổng, búng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.