Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 142 +7, 13 strokes, cangjie input 中戈竹水十 (LIHEJ), four-corner 57154)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1084, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 33088
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1551, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2857, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+8702

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Simplified from . Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *boːŋ, *pʰoŋ): semantic  ‎(insect) + phonetic  ‎(OC *pʰoŋ, *boŋ, *ɡaːds) – a kind of insect.

EtymologyEdit

Sino-Tibetan; cognate with Tibetan བུང་བ ‎(bung ba, bee). May be ultimately of onomatopoeic origin. Compare Proto-Mon-Khmer *ʔu(ə)ŋ ~ hu(ə)ŋ ‎(bee, wasp, hornet), whence Vietnamese ong ‎(bee).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (3) (2)
Final () (1) (7)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/buŋ/ /pʰɨoŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/buŋ/ /pʰioŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/buŋ/ /pʰioŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bəwŋ/ /pʰuawŋ/
Li
Rong
/buŋ/ /pʰioŋ/
Wang
Li
/buŋ/ /pʰĭwoŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱuŋ/ /pʰi̯woŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
péng fēng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
fēng
Middle
Chinese
‹ phjowng ›
Old
Chinese
/*pʰ(r)oŋ/
English bee

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 3214 3226
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*boːŋ/ /*pʰoŋ/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Apoidea (wasps and bees)
  2. swarm

CompoundsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic ():

Others:


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. bee, wasp, hornet

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Kanji in this term
はち
Grade: S
kun'yomi

/pati//fati//fat͡ɕi//hat͡ɕi/

From Old Japanese. Possibly cognate with Korean ‎(beol, bee, wasp, hornet).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana はち, katakana ハチ, romaji hachi)

  1. a bee, a wasp, a hornet or the like
  2. (zoology) a wasp

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(bong)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: bong, McCune-Reischauer: pong, Yale: pong)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: beol, McCune-Reischauer: pŏl, Yale: pel)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(phong, ong)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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