ChineseEdit

 
young; few; little
young; few; little; lack
year
simp. and trad.
(少年)
anagram 年少

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2 1/1
Initial () (26) (8)
Final () (91) (85)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕiᴇuH/ /nen/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕiɛuH/ /nen/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕjæuH/ /nɛn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕiawH/ /nɛn/
Li
Rong
/ɕiɛuH/ /nen/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭɛuH/ /nien/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi̯ɛuH/ /nien/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shào nián
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
siu3 nin4
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shào nián
Middle
Chinese
‹ syewH › ‹ nen ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s-t]ewʔ-s/ /*C.nˁi[ŋ]/
English young harvest; year

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2 1/1
No. 13708 9482
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hmjews/ /*niːŋ/
Notes

NounEdit

少年

  1. early youth (from ten to sixteen years old)
    少年時代 / 少年时代  ―  shàonián shídài  ―  early youth
  2. juvenile; youngster
  3. (literary) young man; boy

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

少年

  1. (literary or Hokkien, Zhao'an Hakka) young

SynonymsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (少年):

Further readingEdit


JapaneseEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
 
少年 (shōnen): a boy.
Kanji in this term
しょう
Grade: 2
ねん
Grade: 1
on’yomi

EtymologyEdit

/seunen//ɕeunen//ɕoːnen/

Borrowing from Middle Chinese 少年 (syewH nen, literally young + years). Compare modern Cantonese 少年 (siu3 nin4), Mandarin 少年 (shàonián), Korean 소년 (sonyeon), Vietnamese thiếu niên.

Originally referred to young people of either gender. The meaning has narrowed in modern usage to more commonly refer to boys of elementary school or middle school age.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(しょう)(ねん) (shōnenせうねん (seunen)?

  1. a boy, a young man
    (しょう)(ねん)()(だい)
    shōnen jidai
    childhood, boyhood
    (しょう)(ねん)はこの(まん)()(だい)()きで、もう()()れになっています。
    Shōnen wa kono manga ga daisuki de, mō urikire ni natte imasu.
    Boys really like this manga, and it's already sold out.
    • 2011 February 9, Sorachi, Hideaki, “(だい)三百三十四(くん) (せん)(とう)では()(こころ)(まる)(はだか) [Lesson 334: Our Bodies and Souls Are All Naked in the Public Baths]”, in (ぎん)(たま) [Silver Soul], volume 38 (fiction), Tokyo: Shueisha, →ISBN:
      バーさん (おれ)(こころ)(しょう)(ねん)だから(ふた)()で200(えん)(たの)むわ
      Bā-san ore wa kokoro wa shōnen da kara futari de nihyaku-en de tanomu wa
      Granny, I’m still a boy at heart, so make it 200 yen for two.
    • 2017 April 15, “(せい)(はい)(えら)ばれし(もの) [Chosen by the Star Chalice]”, in CODE OF THE DUELIST(コード・オブ・ザ・デュエリスト), Konami:
      ()(かい)(ざん)(がい)()(そう)する、()()ぐな(こころ)(しょう)(ねん)
      Kikai no zangai de busō suru, massugu na kokoro no shōnen.
      An upright boy armed with the remains of Mechstrosities.

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

少年 (sonyeon) (hangeul 소년)

  1. Hanja form? of 소년 (boy, young person).

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

NounEdit

少年

  1. Hán tự form of thiếu niên (related to adolescence).