Open main menu
U+5C11, 少
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5C11

[U+5C10]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5C12]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Alternative formsEdit

  • Note that in Japanese Kanji, Korean Hanja and Vietnamese Nom, the middle stroke of the top component is written with a hook whereas in modern Chinese scripts the middle stroke is written with no downward hook.

Han characterEdit

(radical 42, +1, 4 strokes, cangjie input 火竹 (FH), four-corner 90200, composition ⿱⿻丿(GT) or ⿱丿(HJKV))

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 296, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7475
  • Dae Jaweon: page 590, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 561, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5C11

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang
Oracle bone script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sm̥ʰreːw, *sm̥ʰreːws
*sm̥ʰreːw, *sm̥ʰreːws
*sm̥ʰreːw, *sm̥ʰreːws
*sm̥ʰreːw, *mewʔ
*sʰroːʔ
*sm̥ʰreːwʔ, *mewʔ
*sm̥ʰreːws
*sm̥ʰreːws
*mewʔ
*mewʔ
*mewʔ
*mewʔ
*mewʔ, *mews
*mews
*mews
*sm̥ʰewʔ
*smewʔ
*hmjewʔ, *hmjews
*m̥ʰjewʔ
*senʔ, *smos

Pictogram (象形) – four dots; few; little. Compare (OC *smewʔ, “small”), which is depicted by three dots.

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • ciēu - colloquial;
  • siēu - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • chió - vernacular;
    • siáu - literary.
    Note:
    • ziê2 - Chaozhou, vernacular;
    • zio2 - Shantou, vernacular;
    • siao3 - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (26)
    Final () (91)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɕiᴇuX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɕiɛuX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɕjæuX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɕiawX/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɕiɛuX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɕĭɛuX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɕi̯ɛuX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shǎo
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    shǎo
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ syewX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[s.t]ewʔ/
    English few

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 13706
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*hmjewʔ/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. few; little in number; less; not many
    2. weak; inadequate; insufficient
    3. Alternative form of (xiǎo, “small; tiny”).
    4. to lack; to be short of; to be deficient
    5. to reduce (the amount or extent); to weaken; to lose; to stop; to cease
    6. to despise; to look down; to belittle
    7. slightly; moderately; a little; a bit
    8. seldom; rarely; infrequently
    9. in a little while; in a moment
    10. 5th tetragram of the Taixuanjing
    AntonymsEdit
    • (few): (duō)

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 2Edit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (26)
    Final () (91)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɕiᴇuH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɕiɛuH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɕjæuH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɕiawH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɕiɛuH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɕĭɛuH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɕi̯ɛuH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shào
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    shào
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ syewH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[s-t]ewʔ-s/
    English young

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 13708
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*hmjews/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. young; youthful; juvenile
    2. later in a sequence; younger; youngest
    3. childhood; youth; young period
    4. young man; youngster; junior
    5. (historical) deputy; assistant
    6. (historical) young master of a rich family
    7. A surname​.

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. A little, just a little.

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (so)

    • Eumhun:
      • Sound (hangeul): (revised: so, McCune–Reischauer: so)
      • Name (hangeul): 적을
    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (thiểu, thẹo, thểu, thỉu, thiếu, thẻo)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.