ChineseEdit

 
young; few; little
young; few; little; lack
female; woman; daughter
simp. and trad.
(少女)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2 1/2
Initial () (26) (12)
Final () (91) (22)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕiᴇuH/ /ɳɨʌX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕiɛuH/ /ɳiɔX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕjæuH/ /niɔX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕiawH/ /ɳɨə̆X/
Li
Rong
/ɕiɛuH/ /niɔX/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭɛuH/ /nĭoX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi̯ɛuH/ /ni̯woX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shào
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shào
Middle
Chinese
‹ syewH › ‹ nrjoX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s-t]ewʔ-s/ /*nraʔ/
English young female

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2 1/2
No. 13708 9616
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hmjews/ /*naʔ/

NounEdit

少女

  1. young woman; girl
  2. (Classical Chinese) youngest daughter

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (少女):

JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
 
少女 (shōjo): a girl holding a puppy.
Kanji in this term
しょう
Grade: 2
じょ
Grade: 1
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese compound 少女 (MC ɕiᴇuX|ɕiᴇuH ɳɨʌX|ɳɨʌH). Compare modern Mandarin 少女 (shàonǚ).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(しょう)(じょ) (shōjo (historical kana せうぢよ)

  1. a (young, little) girl
  2. (anime, manga) a style of anime and manga made for young women, shojo
Derived termsEdit
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
おと
Grade: 2

Grade: 1
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese. Originally a compound of (oto, young, little) +‎ (me, female, girl).[2][1] Compare (otoko, man), originally meaning "young boy".

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

少女(おとめ) (otome

  1. a young woman, adult but unmarried: a maiden
  2. a girl
  3. a female virgin
  4. (mythology) a celestial maiden, a fairy, a nymph
  5. (Shinto) a young woman dancer performing at the 五節 (Gosechi) ceremony in the eleventh lunar month
Derived termsEdit
See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

少女 (sonyeo) (hangeul 소녀)

  1. Hanja form? of 소녀 (girl).

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

NounEdit

少女

  1. Hán tự form of thiếu nữ (young woman; girl).