ChineseEdit

 
very large; huge; tremendous
very large; huge; tremendous; gigantic
man; person; people
simp. and trad.
(巨人)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (30) (38)
Final () (22) (43)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡɨʌX/ /ȵiɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡiɔX/ /ȵin/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiɔX/ /ȵʑjen/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/gɨə̆X/ /ȵin/
Li
Rong
/ɡiɔX/ /ȵiĕn/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭoX/ /ȵʑĭĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯woX/ /ȵʑi̯ĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
rén
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
geoi6 jan4
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
rén
Middle
Chinese
‹ nyin ›
Old
Chinese
/*ni[ŋ]/
English (other) person

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 7047 10800
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡaʔ/ /*njin/

NounEdit

巨人

  1. giant
    巨人肩膀 [MSC, trad. and simp.]
    zhàn zài jùrén de jiānbǎng shàng [Pinyin]
    to stand on the shoulders of giants

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (巨人):
  • Japanese: 巨人(きょじん) (kyojin)
  • Korean: 거인 (巨人, geoin)
  • Vietnamese: cự nhân (巨人)

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
きょ
Grade: S
じん
Grade: 1
kan’on
 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

EtymologyEdit

Ultimately from Middle Chinese 巨人 (MC ɡɨʌX ȵiɪn).

The professional baseball team is an abbreviation of one of its original names, the 東京巨人軍 (Tōkyō Kyojin-gun, Tokyo Giants).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(きょ)(じん) (kyojin

  1. [early 1900s] a giant:
    1. (mythology) a human of very great size, titan
    2. a very tall person
      Synonyms: 大男 (ōotoko), 巨漢 (kyokan)
      Antonym: 小人 (kobito)
    3. a person of extraordinary strength or power, bodily or intellectual
      Synonym: 偉人 (ijin)

Derived termsEdit

IdiomsEdit

See alsoEdit

Proper nounEdit

(きょ)(じん) (Kyojin

  1. (baseball, colloquial) Synonym of 読売ジャイアンツ (Yomiuri Jaiantsu): the Yomiuri Giants

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

巨人 (geoin) (hangeul 거인)

  1. Hanja form? of 거인 (giant).

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

NounEdit

巨人

  1. Hán tự form of cự nhân (giant).