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U+600E, 怎
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-600E

[U+600D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+600F]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 61 +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 竹尸心 (HSP), four-corner 80331, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 379, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10431
  • Dae Jaweon: page 708, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2280, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+600E

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

EtymologyEdit

First attested in the word 怎生 [10th c.] (Yuan et al., 1996).

Fusion of (MC t͡sɑk̚) + some variant of (MC mɨut̚, “thing; what”), literally “to do what” (Norman, 1988). This is evidenced in forms found in the Tang and Song dynasties (Yuan et al., 1996): 作勿生 (MC t͡sɑk̚ mɨut̚ ʃˠæŋ) [8th c.], 作沒生 (MC t͡sɑk̚ muət̚ ʃˠæŋ) [8th c.], 作摩 (MC t͡sɑk̚ muɑ) [10th c.], 作麼 (MC t͡sɑk̚ muɑX) [10th c.].

PronunciationEdit


Note: dim2 - vernacular, more commonly written as .
Note:
  • chóaⁿ/chài/cháiⁿ/chá/chóa/chái - vernacular;
  • chím/chérm - literary.
  • Wu
  • DefinitionsEdit

    1. how; what; why

    SynonymsEdit

    Dialectal synonyms of 怎麼 (“how”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese 如何
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 怎麼
    Mandarin Beijing 怎麼
    Jinan 怎麼
    Xi'an 咋樣兒
    Wuhan 麼樣哪樣
    Chengdu 咋個啷個
    Yangzhou 井幹
    Hefei 怎樣
    Cantonese Guangzhou 點樣
    Hong Kong 點樣
    Taishan 幾何
    Gan Nanchang 啷樣
    Hakka Meixian 仰般
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 仰般仰仔
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 仰仔
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 仰般
    Dongshi (Dabu) 仰脣
    Zhuolan (Raoping) 仰般仰般形
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 仰子
    Jin Taiyuan 咋底
    Min Dong Fuzhou 怎怎怎其
    Min Nan Xiamen 按怎
    Taipei 按怎
    Chaozhou 在生乜生做呢
    Wu Shanghai 哪能
    Suzhou 捺亨
    Wenzhou 訾那訾那能
    Xiang Changsha 何什
    Shuangfeng 麼家

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit


    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (chẩm, chẩn, tẩn, trẫm)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.