See also: TCP
U+4EF0, 仰
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4EF0

[U+4EEF]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4EF1]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 9, +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 人竹女中 (OHVL), four-corner 27220, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 94, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 400
  • Dae Jaweon: page 199, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 125, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4EF0

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
 
Wikipedia has an article on:

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note: literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /iɑŋ²¹⁴/
Harbin /iaŋ²¹³/
Tianjin /iɑŋ¹³/
Jinan /iaŋ⁵⁵/
Qingdao /iaŋ⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /iaŋ⁵³/
Xi'an /niaŋ⁵³/
/iaŋ⁵³/
Xining /iɔ̃⁵³/
Yinchuan /iɑŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /iɑ̃⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /iɑŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /iaŋ⁴²/
Chengdu /iaŋ⁵³/
Guiyang /niaŋ⁴²/
Kunming /niã̠⁵³/
Nanjing /liaŋ²¹²/
Hefei /iɑ̃⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /iɒ̃⁵³/
Pingyao /iɑŋ⁵³/
Hohhot /iɑ̃⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /ȵiã³⁵/
/ȵiã²³/
Suzhou /ȵiã⁵¹/
Hangzhou /ȵiɑŋ⁵³/
Wenzhou /ȵi³⁵/
Hui Shexian /nia³⁵/
Tunxi /ȵiau³¹/
Xiang Changsha /ȵian⁴¹/
Xiangtan /ȵian⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /ȵiɔŋ²¹³/
Hakka Meixian
Taoyuan /ŋioŋ³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jœŋ²³/
Nanning /jœŋ²⁴/
Hong Kong /jœŋ¹³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /giɔŋ⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /nyoŋ³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ŋiɔŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ŋiaŋ⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /niaŋ²¹³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (31)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋɨɐŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋiɐŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋiɑŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋɨaŋX/
Li
Rong
/ŋiaŋX/
Wang
Li
/ŋĭaŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋi̯aŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yǎng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yǎng
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngjangX ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.ŋaŋʔ/
English lift the face, look up

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 31
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋaŋʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to raise the head to look
  2. to look up to; to admire
  3. to face upward; to flip
  4. to trace back
  5. Used in official documents in the old days; shows deference to a superior, and hope to a subordinate.
  6. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


Note:
  • yǎng - Mainland and Taiwan standard;
  • yàng - obsolete.
  • Min Nan
  • Note: vernacular.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /iɑŋ²¹⁴/
    Harbin /iaŋ²¹³/
    Tianjin /iɑŋ¹³/
    Jinan /iaŋ⁵⁵/
    Qingdao /iaŋ⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /iaŋ⁵³/
    Xi'an /niaŋ⁵³/
    /iaŋ⁵³/
    Xining /iɔ̃⁵³/
    Yinchuan /iɑŋ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /iɑ̃⁴⁴²/
    Ürümqi /iɑŋ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /iaŋ⁴²/
    Chengdu /iaŋ⁵³/
    Guiyang /niaŋ⁴²/
    Kunming /niã̠⁵³/
    Nanjing /liaŋ²¹²/
    Hefei /iɑ̃⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /iɒ̃⁵³/
    Pingyao /iɑŋ⁵³/
    Hohhot /iɑ̃⁵³/
    Wu Shanghai /ȵiã³⁵/
    /ȵiã²³/
    Suzhou /ȵiã⁵¹/
    Hangzhou /ȵiɑŋ⁵³/
    Wenzhou /ȵi³⁵/
    Hui Shexian /nia³⁵/
    Tunxi /ȵiau³¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ȵian⁴¹/
    Xiangtan /ȵian⁴²/
    Gan Nanchang /ȵiɔŋ²¹³/
    Hakka Meixian
    Taoyuan /ŋioŋ³¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /jœŋ²³/
    Nanning /jœŋ²⁴/
    Hong Kong /jœŋ¹³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /giɔŋ⁵³/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /nyoŋ³²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ŋiɔŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /ŋiaŋ⁵³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /niaŋ²¹³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (31)
    Final () (105)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ŋɨɐŋH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ŋiɐŋH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ŋiɑŋH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ŋɨaŋH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ŋiaŋH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ŋĭaŋH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ŋi̯aŋH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yàng
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 33
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    𨋕
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋaŋs/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to rely on

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 3Edit

    simp. and trad.
    alternative forms


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Alternative form of (áng, “high”).

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. face-up
    2. look up
    3. depend
    4. seek
    5. respect
    6. revere
    7. drink
    8. take

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Related termsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eum (ang))

    1. to raise the head to look
    2. to look up; to rely on; to admire

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: ngưỡng, ngẳng, ngẵng, ngãng, khưỡng, ngẩng, ngẫng, ngửng

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReferencesEdit