Open main menu

Wiktionary β

U+4EF0, 仰
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4EF0

[U+4EEF]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4EF1]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 9 +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 人竹女中 (OHVL), four-corner 27220, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 94, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 400
  • Dae Jaweon: page 199, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 125, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4EF0

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
 
Wikipedia has an article on:
仰姓

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
 



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ŋaːŋ, *ŋaŋʔ
*ŋaːŋ, *ŋaːŋs
*ŋaːŋ
*ŋaŋʔ, *ŋaŋs
*ŋaŋ, *ŋraŋs

Pronunciation 1Edit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /iɑŋ²¹⁴/
Harbin /iaŋ²¹³/
Tianjin /iɑŋ¹³/
Jinan /iaŋ⁵⁵/
Qingdao /iaŋ⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /iaŋ⁵³/
Xi'an /niaŋ⁵³/
/iaŋ⁵³/
Xining /iɔ̃⁵³/
Yinchuan /iɑŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /iɑ̃⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /iɑŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /iaŋ⁴²/
Chengdu /iaŋ⁵³/
Guiyang /niaŋ⁴²/
Kunming /niã̠⁵³/
Nanjing /liaŋ²¹²/
Hefei /iɑ̃⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /iɒ̃⁵³/
Pingyao /iɑŋ⁵³/
Hohhot /iɑ̃⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /ȵiã³⁵/
/ȵiã²³/
Suzhou /ȵiã⁵¹/
Hangzhou /ȵiɑŋ⁵³/
Wenzhou /ȵi³⁵/
Hui Shexian /nia³⁵/
Tunxi /ȵiau³¹/
Xiang Changsha /ȵian⁴¹/
Xiangtan /ȵian⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /ȵiɔŋ²¹³/
Hakka Meixian
Taoyuan /ŋioŋ³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jœŋ²³/
Nanning /jœŋ²⁴/
Hong Kong /jœŋ¹³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /giɔŋ⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /nyoŋ³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ŋiɔŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ŋiaŋ⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /niaŋ²¹³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (31)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋɨɐŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋiɐŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋiɑŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋɨaŋX/
Li
Rong
/ŋiaŋX/
Wang
Li
/ŋĭaŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋi̯aŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yǎng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yǎng
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngjangX ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.ŋaŋʔ/
English lift the face, look up

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 31
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋaŋʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to raise the head to look
  2. to look up to; to admire
  3. to face upward; to flip
  4. to trace back
  5. Used in official documents in the old days; shows deference to a superior, and hope to a subordinate.
  6. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


Note:
  • yǎng - PRC and Taiwan standard;
  • yàng - obsolete.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /iɑŋ²¹⁴/
Harbin /iaŋ²¹³/
Tianjin /iɑŋ¹³/
Jinan /iaŋ⁵⁵/
Qingdao /iaŋ⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /iaŋ⁵³/
Xi'an /niaŋ⁵³/
/iaŋ⁵³/
Xining /iɔ̃⁵³/
Yinchuan /iɑŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /iɑ̃⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /iɑŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /iaŋ⁴²/
Chengdu /iaŋ⁵³/
Guiyang /niaŋ⁴²/
Kunming /niã̠⁵³/
Nanjing /liaŋ²¹²/
Hefei /iɑ̃⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /iɒ̃⁵³/
Pingyao /iɑŋ⁵³/
Hohhot /iɑ̃⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /ȵiã³⁵/
/ȵiã²³/
Suzhou /ȵiã⁵¹/
Hangzhou /ȵiɑŋ⁵³/
Wenzhou /ȵi³⁵/
Hui Shexian /nia³⁵/
Tunxi /ȵiau³¹/
Xiang Changsha /ȵian⁴¹/
Xiangtan /ȵian⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /ȵiɔŋ²¹³/
Hakka Meixian
Taoyuan /ŋioŋ³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jœŋ²³/
Nanning /jœŋ²⁴/
Hong Kong /jœŋ¹³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /giɔŋ⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /nyoŋ³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ŋiɔŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ŋiaŋ⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /niaŋ²¹³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (31)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋɨɐŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋiɐŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋiɑŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋɨaŋH/
Li
Rong
/ŋiaŋH/
Wang
Li
/ŋĭaŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋi̯aŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yàng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 33
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
𨋕
Old
Chinese
/*ŋaŋs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to rely on

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 3Edit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Alternative form of (áng, “high”).

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ang) (hangeul , revised ang, McCune-Reischauer ang)

  1. raise the head to look
  2. look up to, rely on, admire

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(ngưỡng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.