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U+4E4D, 乍
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E4D

[U+4E4C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E4E]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 4 丿+4, 5 strokes, cangjie input 竹尸 (HS), four-corner 80211, composition𠂉)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 82, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 130
  • Dae Jaweon: page 165, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 35, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4E4D

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms 𠆦

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
         





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔsaːɡs, *ʔsaːɡs, *ʔsaːɡ
*ʔsraːʔ
*ʔsraːʔ
*ʔsraːʔ, *zraːʔ
*ʔsraːɡs
*ʔsraːɡs, *zraːɡ, *ʔsreːɡ
*ʔsraːɡs, *zaːɡ, *ʔsraːɡ
*ʔsraːɡs
*ʔr'aːɡs, *zreːb
*zraːɡs
*ʔsraːnʔ
*sʰaːɡs, *zaːɡ
*zaːɡs
*zaːɡs
*zaːɡs
*zaːɡs, *zaːɡ
*zaːɡs, *zaːɡ
*ʔsaːɡ, *ʔsraːɡ
*ʔsaːɡ, *zaːɡ
*zaːɡ
*zaːɡ
*zaːɡ
*zaːɡ
*zaːɡ, *zraːɡ
*zaːɡ
*zaːɡ
*zaːɡ, *zreːɡ, *zaɡ
*ʔr'aːɡ, *ʔsraːɡ
*ʔsraːɡ
*ʔsraːɡ
*zraːɡ
*zraːɡ

Etymology 1Edit

Pronunciation 1Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (20)
Final () (98)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʒˠaH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖ͡ʐᵚaH/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʒaH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖ͡ʐaɨH/
Li
Rong
/d͡ʒaH/
Wang
Li
/d͡ʒaH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɖ͡ʐʱaH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhà
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhà
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzræH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[dz]ˤrak-s/
English suddenly

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16650
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zraːɡs/
Notes
DefinitionsEdit

  1. suddenly
  2. at first

Pronunciation 2Edit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. (Min Nan) to fry
ReferencesEdit

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to get up; to get up and go to work; etc.”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Etymology 3Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to press or extract juices; to squeeze; a press to extract juices; etc.”).
(This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
Notes:

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit

As an alternative form of :


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(sa)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (revised: sa, McCune-Reischauer: sa, Yale: sa)
    • Name (hangeul): 잠깐 (revised: jamkkan, McCune-Reischauer: chamkkan)
  1. (for) a short time

ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit