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See also:
U+6065, 恥
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6065

[U+6064]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6066]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 61, +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 尸十心 (SJP), four-corner 13100, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 385, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10585
  • Dae Jaweon: page 716, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2290, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6065

ChineseEdit

trad. /
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*nɯːs, *njɯs
*miː
*mniʔ
*mniʔ
*mniʔ
*njis, *njoŋ
*nɯʔ
*n̥ʰɯʔ
*njɯ, *njɯs
*njɯ, *njɯs
*njɯʔ
*njɯʔ, *njɯs
*njɯʔ
*njɯs
*njɯs
*njɯs
*njɯs
*njɯs
*njɯs, *rnɯːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *n̥ʰɯʔ): phonetic  (OC *njɯʔ) + semantic  (heart)

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²¹⁴/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²¹³/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩¹³/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁵⁵/
Qingdao /tʃʰz̩⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁵³/
Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁵³/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁵³/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁵³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sʰz̩⁴²/
Chengdu /t͡sʰz̩⁵³/
Guiyang /t͡sʰz̩⁴²/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁵³/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²¹²/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰz̩⁵³/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁵³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰz̩⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰz̩³⁵/
Suzhou /t͡sʰz̩ʷ⁵¹/
Hangzhou /t͡sʰz̩⁵³/
Wenzhou /t͡sʰz̩³⁵/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰi³⁵/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰi³¹/
Xiang Changsha /tʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁴¹/
Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰz̩²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰz̩³¹/
Taoyuan /tʃʰï³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰi³⁵/
Nanning /t͡sʰi³⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰi³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tʰi⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tʰi³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰi²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰi⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡si²¹³/
/sun²¹³/ 訓蠢

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (10)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈʰɨX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈʰɨX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶʰieX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈʰɨX/
Li
Rong
/ȶʰiəX/
Wang
Li
/ȶʰĭəX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶʰiX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chǐ
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chǐ
Middle
Chinese
‹ trhiX ›
Old
Chinese
/*n̥rəʔ/
English shame; ashamed

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2780
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*n̥ʰɯʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (literary) to humiliate; to put to shame
  2. shame; disgrace; humiliation
    Synonyms: 恥辱耻辱 (chǐrǔ)
  3. ashamed
    Synonyms: 羞愧 (xiūkuì)

CompoundsEdit

See alsoEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. shame
  2. embarrassment

ReadingsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term
はじ
Grade: S
kun’yomi

Ultimately from Proto-Japonic *paduy.

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana はじ, rōmaji haji, historical hiragana はぢ)

  1. shame

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(chi) (hangeul , revised chi, McCune–Reischauer ch'i, Yale chi)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(xỉ, sỉ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.