See also: and
U+6C37, 氷
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6C37

[U+6C36]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6C38]

Translingual edit

Stroke order
 
Traditional
Simplified
Japanese
Korean

Alternative forms edit

  • (when used as a left Chinese radical)

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 85, +1, 5 strokes, cangjie input 戈水 (IE), four-corner 32230, composition )

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 603, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17087
  • Dae Jaweon: page 996, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 1546, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+6C37

Usage notes edit

This character is listed as the unorthodox form (俗字) of in the Kangxi dictionary.

Chinese edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“ice; ice-cold; etc.”).
(This character is a variant form of ).

Japanese edit

Kanji edit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings edit

Compounds edit

Etymology 1 edit

Kanji in this term
こおり
Grade: 3
kun’yomi
Alternative spellings
凍り
(uncommon)
 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
 
(kōri): a block of ice.

⟨ko2pori⟩ → */kəpori//koɸori//kowori//koːri/

From Old Japanese.

The 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of verb 凍る (kōru, to freeze).[1]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(こおり) (kōriこほり (kofori)?

  1. ice (frozen water)
    • 938, Minamoto no Shitagō, Wamyō Ruijushō, volume 1, page 46:
      [2]
      氷 四聲字苑云:「水寒凍結也。」筆凌反[和名:比又古保利
      Ice - according to the Sisheng Ziyuan: cold water, frozen and solidified. (Chinese fanqie: 筆凌; Japanese name: hi or kōri)
  2. a cold and sharp object, as a shard of ice
  3. Short for 氷水 (kōrimizu): ice water; water filled with ice
  4. Short for 氷襲 (kōrigasane): layered clothing with the front shining white and plain white at the back
Derived terms edit

Proper noun edit

(こおり) (Kōriこほり (kofori)?

  1. a female given name
  2. a surname

Etymology 2 edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling
(uncommon)

⟨pi1 → */pʲi//ɸi//hi/

From Old Japanese. Attested in the Man'yōshū of circa 759 CE.[3]

Possibly cognate with 冷える (hieru, to become cold).

Compare Middle Chinese (MC ping).

Noun edit

() (hi

  1. ice (frozen water)
    Synonym: アイス (aisu)
    • 938, Minamoto no Shitagō, Wamyō Ruijushō, volume 1, page 46:
      [2]
      氷 四聲字苑云:「水寒凍結也。」筆凌反[和名:又古保利]
      Ice - according to the Sisheng Ziyuan: cold water, frozen and solidified. (Chinese fanqie: 筆凌; Japanese name: hi or kōri)
  2. hail (precipitated ice)
    Synonym: (hyō)
Derived terms edit

Etymology 3 edit

Kanji in this term
ひょう
Grade: 3
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC ping).

Pronunciation edit

Affix edit

(ひょう) (hyō

  1. ice
  2. freeze, congeal
  3. icy, cold
Derived terms edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 Minamoto, Shitagō with Kyōto Daigaku Bungakubu Kokugogaku Kokubungaku Kenkyūshitu (931–938) Shohon Shūsei Wamyō Ruijushō: Honbunhen (in Japanese), Kyōto: Rinsen, published 1968, →ISBN.
  3. ^ 氷・冰”, in 日本国語大辞典 (Nihon Kokugo Daijiten, Nihon Kokugo Daijiten)[1] (in Japanese), concise edition, Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 2000

Korean edit

Etymology edit

From Middle Chinese (MC ping). Recorded as Middle Korean /비ᇰ (ping) (Yale: ping) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

Hanja edit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 얼음 (eoreum bing))

  1. Hanja form? of (ice).

Compounds edit

References edit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Nôm readings: băng

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.