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See also: and
U+51B0, 冰
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-51B0

[U+51AF]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+51B1]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 15 +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 戈一水 (IME), four-corner 32130, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 131, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1612
  • Dae Jaweon: page 294, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 295, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+51B0

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*prɯŋ
*pŋrɯŋ, *ŋrɯŋ
*pʰrɯŋ, *rads
*brɯŋ, *bɯŋ
*bɯŋ

Etymology 1Edit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /piŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /piŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /piŋ²¹/
Jinan /piŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /piŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /piŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /piŋ²¹/
Xining /piə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /piŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /pĩn³¹/
Ürümqi /piŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /pin⁵⁵/
Chengdu /pin⁵⁵/
Guiyang /pin⁵⁵/
Kunming /pĩ/
Nanjing /pin³¹/
Hefei /pin²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /piəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /piŋ¹³/
Hohhot /pĩŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /piŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /pin⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /pin³³/
Wenzhou /peŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /piʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /pɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /pin³³/
Xiangtan /pin³³/
Gan Nanchang /pin⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /pen⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /pen²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /peŋ⁵³/
Nanning /peŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /piŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /piŋ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /piŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pain⁵⁴/
/peiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /piã³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbeŋ²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (1)
Final () (133)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pɨŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/pɨŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/pieŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/piŋ/
Li
Rong
/piəŋ/
Wang
Li
/pĭəŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pi̯əŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
bīng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
bīng
Middle
Chinese
‹ ping ›
Old
Chinese
/*p.rəŋ/ (dialect: *p.r- > *pr-)
English ice

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 856 860
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pŋrɯŋ/ /*ŋrɯŋ/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. ice
  2. ice-cold
  3. to freeze; to ice
  4. A surname​.
  5. (slang, drug) methamphetamine
CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to coagulate; to congeal; to freeze; to focus; to concentrate; etc.”).
(This character, , is an ancient form of .)

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. Alternative form of

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(bing) (hangeul , revised bing, McCune-Reischauer ping)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(băng, bâng, phăng, bưng, văng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.