Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 94 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 大竹竹女人 (KHHVO), four-corner 42230, composition)

  1. species of fox

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 708, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20333
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1121, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1340, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+72D0

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
Chinese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia zh

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡʷaː): semantic  ‎(dog) + phonetic  ‎(OC *kʷraː)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (23)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦuo/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦuo/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣo/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦɔ/
Li
Rong
/ɣo/
Wang
Li
/ɣu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣuo/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ hu ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ʷˤa/
English fox

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4358
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡʷaː/

NounEdit

  1. fox

Derived termsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term
きつね
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Various theories. The most likely is based on the root form kitsu, which may have originally been onomatopoeic for the sound of a fox's cry.[1] The final ne syllable appeared for certain by the Heian period,[2] but the meaning of the ne portion remains unclear.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana きつね, katakana キツネ, romaji kitsune)

  1. a fox
    • 794, Shin'yaku Kegonkyō Ongi Shiki
      狐狼 上扈反, 倭言岐都禰, 又狐諼獸鬼所乘有三徳, 狐疑不定也, 狼音良, 訓, 似犬也, 倭言大神也
    • 1994 July 16, Nijiko Kiyokawa as Oroku, 平成狸合戦ぽんぽこ [Heisei Raccoon Dog War Ponpoko] (in Japanese), written by Isao Takahata, Toho:
       (てい) () (ひく)いものは「 () (たい)」と ()ばれ、カメレオンなんぞにもできるが、「 () (がく)」はオラたち () (がい)では、キツネ (いち) ()のネコしか ()につけておらん‼
      Teido no hikui mono wa "gitai" to yobare, kamereon nanzo ni mo dekiru ga, "bakegaku" wa ora-tachi igai de wa, kitsune to ichibu no neko shika mi ni tsuketeoran‼
      Those lesser kinds like chameleons can make use of "mimicry", but beside us, only foxes and a few cats can master "metamorphism"‼

Usage notesEdit

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana in biological contexts, as キツネ.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1937: Daigenkai (in Japanese). Reissued in 1984. ISBN 4-572-00062-X
  2. ^ 1998: 『怪異・きつね百物語』 (Yōkai: Kitsune Hyaku Monogatari, “Phantoms: 100 Fox Tales”; in Japanese). Yoshihiko Sasama. ISBN 4-639-01544-5
  3. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  4. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(ho) (hangeul , revised ho, McCune-Reischauer ho, Yale ho)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

OkinawanEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(hiragana ちちに, romaji chichini)

EtymologyEdit

/*kit͡sune//t͡ɕit͡sini//t͡ɕit͡ɕini/

Cognate with mainland Japanese ‎(kitsune).

From the earlier ちつィに ‎(chitsini), as attested in the 沖縄語典 (Okinawa Goten, “Okinawan Dictionary”)[1]. The phonemes /t͡si/ and /t͡ɕi/ converged in Okinawan during the 20th century.

NounEdit

‎(hiragana ちちに, romaji chichini, historical hiragana ちつィに)

  1. fox

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1896: 沖縄語典 (Okinawa Goten, “Okinawan Dictionary”). In Japanese. Entry visible on the left of the scan at http://kindai.ndl.go.jp/info:ndljp/pid/992016/30

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hồ)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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