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U+72D0, 狐
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-72D0

[U+72CF]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+72D1]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 94, +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 大竹竹女人 (KHHVO), four-corner 42230, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 708, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20333
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1121, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1340, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+72D0

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
 
Wikipedia has an article on:

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʷraː
*kʷraːs
*qʷraː, *qʷraːs
*qʷraː
*qʷraːs
*qʷraːs
*kʷaː
*kʷaː
*kʷaː
*kʷaː
*kʷaː
*kʷaː
*kʷaː
*kʷaː
*kʷaː
*kʷaː
*kʷaː
*ɡʷaː
*ɡʷlaː

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡʷaː): semantic  (dog) + phonetic  (OC *kʷraː).

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *gwa (fox). Cognate with Tibetan (wa, fox).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • hou5 - vernacular;
  • hu5 - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (33)
    Final () (23)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦuo/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦuo/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣo/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦɔ/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣo/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣu/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɣuo/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hu ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ɡ]ʷˁa/
    English fox

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 4358
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡʷaː/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. fox
    2. A surname​.

    SynonymsEdit

    Dialectal synonyms of 狐狸 (“fox”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 狐狸
    Taxonomic name
    Mandarin Beijing 狐狸
    Taiwan 狐狸
    Harbin 狐狸
    Hailar 狐狸
    Ulan Hot 狐狸
    Tongliao 狐狸
    Chifeng 狐狸
    Bayanhot 狐狸
    Jinan 貔子貔大狐子貔狐子狐狸
    Muping 貔子狐狸
    Luoyang 狐狸
    Jiedian 狐子
    Xi'an 狐狸狐子
    Zhengzhou 狐狸
    Xining 野狐兒狐狸沙狐
    Xuzhou 狐狸子狐狸
    Yinchuan 狐子
    Lanzhou 野狐
    Ürümqi 狐狸
    Wuhan 狐狸
    Chengdu 狐狸毛狗
    Guiyang 狐狸毛狗
    Guilin 狐狸
    Liuzhou 狐狸
    Yangzhou 狐狸
    Nanjing 狐狸大仙 superstitious
    Hefei 狐狸
    Cantonese Guangzhou 狐狸
    Hong Kong 狐狸
    Shunde 狐狸
    Foshan 狐狸
    Zhongshan 狐狸
    Dongguan 狐狸
    Hong Kong (Weitou) 狐狸
    Doumen (Shangheng Tanka) 狐狸
    Taishan 狐狸
    Kaiping 蜢狗
    Shaoguan 狐狸
    Yunfu 狐狸
    Yangjiang 狐狸
    Xinyi 狐狸
    Lianjiang 狐狸
    Nanning 狐狸
    Wuzhou 狐狸
    Yulin 狐狸
    Hepu 狐狸
    Kuala Lumpur 狐狸
    Gan Nanchang 狐狸
    Lichuan 狐兒
    Pingxiang 狐狸
    Hakka Meixian 狐狸
    Luchuan 狐狸
    Yudu 狐狸子狐狸
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 狐狸
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 狐狸狐狸仔
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 狐狸
    Dongshi (Dabu) 狐狸
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 狐狸
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 狐狸
    Hong Kong 狐狸
    Senai 狐狸
    Singkawang 狐狸
    Huizhou Jixi 狐狸
    Jin Taiyuan 狐子狐狸
    Xinzhou 狐子
    Baochang 狐狸
    Jining 狐子
    Hohhot 狐子
    Baotou 狐子
    Dongsheng 狐子
    Linhe 狐子
    Haibowan 狐子
    Min Bei Jian'ou 狐狸
    Min Dong Fuzhou 狐狸
    Fuqing 野貓
    Min Nan Xiamen 狐狸
    Quanzhou 狐狸
    Zhangzhou 狐狸
    Taipei 狐狸
    Kaohsiung 狐狸
    Tainan 狐狸
    Taichung 狐狸
    Wuqi 狐狸
    Hsinchu 狐狸
    Taitung 狐狸
    Lukang 狐狸
    Yilan 狐狸
    Magong 狐狸
    Penang 狐狸
    Singapore 狐狸
    Pingnan 狐狸
    Chaozhou 狐狸
    Johor Bahru 狐狸
    Haikou 狐狸
    Puxian Min Putian 狐狸
    Xianyou 狐狸
    Pinghua Nanning 狐狸
    Guilin 狐狸
    Wu Shanghai 狐狸
    Suzhou 狐狸
    Hangzhou 狐狸大仙 superstitious
    Wenzhou 狐狸
    Chongming 狐狸
    Danyang 狐狸
    Jinhua 狐狸
    Ningbo 狐狸
    Xiang Changsha 狐狸
    Shuangfeng 狐狸
    Quanzhou 狐狸精狐狸

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    • Go-on: (gu); (go)
    • Kan-on: (ko)
    • Kun: きつね (kitsune, )

    CompoundsEdit

    EtymologyEdit

      on Japanese Wikipedia
     
    (kitsune): a fox napping in the snow.
    Kanji in this term
    きつね
    Hyōgaiji
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese. Appears in the Man'yōshū, completed some time after 759 CE.

    Ultimate derivation unknown. There are various theories. The most likely is based on the root form kitsu, which may have originally been onomatopoeic for the sound of a fox's cry.[1] The final ne syllable appeared for certain by the Heian period,[2] but its meaning remains unclear.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana きつね, katakana キツネ, rōmaji kitsune)

    1. a fox
      • 794, Shin'yaku Kegonkyō Ongi Shiki
        狐狼 上扈反, 倭言岐都禰, 又狐諼獸鬼所乘有三徳, 狐疑不定也, 狼音良, 訓, 似犬也, 倭言大神也
      • 1994 July 16, Nijiko Kiyokawa as Oroku, 平成狸合戦ぽんぽこ [Heisei Raccoon Dog War Ponpoko], in Japanese), written by Isao Takahata, Toho, in Japanese), :
         (てい) () (ひく)いものは「 () (たい)」と ()ばれ、カメレオンなんぞにもできるが、「 () (がく)」はオラたち () (がい)では、キツネ (いち) ()のネコしか ()につけておらん‼
        Teido no hikui mono wa “gitai” to yobare, kamereon nanzo ni mo dekiru ga, “bakegaku” wa ora-tachi igai de wa, kitsune to ichibu no neko shika mi ni tsuketeoran‼
        Those lesser kinds like chameleons can make use of “mimicry”, but beside us, only foxes and a few cats can master “metamorphism”‼

    Usage notesEdit

    As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts, as キツネ.

    SynonymsEdit

    Derived termsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 1937: Daigenkai (in Japanese). Reissued in 1984. →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998: 『怪異・きつね百物語』 (Yōkai: Kitsune Hyaku Monogatari, “Phantoms: 100 Fox Tales”; in Japanese). Yoshihiko Sasama. →ISBN
    3. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    4. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
    5. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (ho) (hangeul , revised ho, McCune–Reischauer ho, Yale ho)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    OkinawanEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    /*kit͡sune//t͡ɕit͡sini//t͡ɕit͡ɕini/

    Cognate with mainland Japanese (kitsune).

    Attested in the 沖縄語典 (Okinawa Goten, “Okinawan Dictionary”) as ちつィに.[1] The phonemes /t͡si/ and /t͡ɕi/ converged in Okinawan during the 20th century.

    KanjiEdit

    (hiragana ちちに, romaji chichini)

    NounEdit

    (hiragana ちちに, romaji chichini, historical hiragana ちつィに)

    1. fox

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 1896: 沖縄語典 (Okinawa Goten, “Okinawan Dictionary”). In Japanese. http://kindai.ndl.go.jp/info:ndljp/pid/992016/30

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (hồ)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.