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See also: 相扑

Contents

ChineseEdit

 
each other; appearance; portrait; picture; one another; mutually
rush on
trad. (相撲)
simp. (相扑)
 
Wikipedia has an article on:
相撲

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

相撲

  1. mutually rushing at; fighting
  2. sumo (Japanese traditional wrestling)

JapaneseEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
 
相撲 (sumō, sumai): a sumo match.

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
Grade: 3 Grade: S
Irregular

⟨sumapi1/sumapi//sumafi//sumawi//sumai/

The 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of Old Japanese verb 争ふ (sumapu, modern sumau, to contend, to resist, to compete (in sumo, for example)), likely derived in turn from verb 済む (sumu, to settle, to finish, intransitive) as the 未然形 (mizenkei, incomplete form) suma + auxiliary verb (fu, indicating repetitive or ongoing action) → “on the verge of being settled” → “to be in competition”.

The kanji spelling is jukujikun (熟字訓) for (each other) + (striking, hitting), attested in the Wamyō Ruijushō of 938 CE with the phonetic spelling 須末比 (​sumapi).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Irregular reading)

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

相撲 (hiragana すまい, rōmaji sumai, historical hiragana すまひ)

  1. (archaic, possibly obsolete) any competition of power and skill, such as sumo
  2. (archaic, possibly obsolete) Short for 相撲取り (sumaitori): a sumo wrestler
    Synonyms: 相撲人 (sumaibito)
  3. (archaic, possibly obsolete) Short for 相撲の節 (Sumai no Sechi): in the Heian period, a special ceremonial sumo match held in July to help ensure a good harvest
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
Grade: 3 Grade: S
Irregular

Derived from Old Japanese verb 争ふ (sumapu, modern sumau, to contend, to resist, to compete (in sumo, for example)).[1][2][3]

There are two leading theories regarding the derivation.

/sumapu//sumafu/ → */sumawu//sumau//sumɔː//sumoː/
  • May be an instance of ウ音便 (u onbin, “u” sound shift), found in terms with bilabial consonants (/m/, /b/, /w/) followed by i:[1][3]
/sumapi//sumafi//sumawi/ → */sumawu//sumau//sumɔː//sumoː/

That said, the nominalization of terminal / attributive verb forms is quite rare in Japanese, whereas the “u” sound shift pattern is not uncommon.

The kanji spelling is jukujikun (熟字訓) for (each other) + (striking, hitting), from sumai above.

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

相撲 (hiragana すもう, rōmaji sumō, historical hiragana すまふ)

  1. sumo (Japanese traditional wrestling)
  2. Short for 相撲取り (sumōtori): a sumo wrestler
    Synonyms: 力士 (rikishi), お相撲さん (o-sumō-san)
  3. Short for 相撲の節 (Sumō no Sechi): in the Heian period, a special ceremonial sumo match held in July to help ensure a good harvest
Derived termsEdit
IdiomsEdit
DescendantsEdit

Proper nounEdit

相撲 (hiragana すもう, rōmaji Sumō, historical hiragana すまふ)

  1. a surname​.

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-501211-0
  3. 3.0 3.1 1984, 日本大百科全書:ニッポニカ (Nippon Dai Hyakka Zensho: Nipponica, “Encyclopedia Nipponica”) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, relevant text online here.
  4. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  5. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  6. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0