See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *broːɡ, *pʰoːɡ): semantic  ‎(hand) + phonetic  ‎(OC *boːɡ, *puɡ)

Han characterEdit

(radical 64 +12, 15 strokes, cangjie input 手廿金人 (QTCO), four-corner 52034, composition)

  1. pound, beat, strike
  2. attack

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 457, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12755
  • Dae Jaweon: page 805, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1956, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+64B2

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pʰu⁵⁵/
Harbin /pʰu⁴⁴/ ~騰
/pʰu²⁴/ ~摟
Tianjin /pʰu²¹/
Jinan /pʰu²¹³/
Qingdao /pʰu⁴²/
Zhengzhou /pʰu²⁴/
Xi'an /pʰu²¹/
Xining /pʰv̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /pʰu¹³/
Lanzhou /pʰu¹³/
Ürümqi /pʰu⁴⁴/
Wuhan /pʰu²¹³/
Chengdu /pʰu⁵⁵/
/pu¹³/
Guiyang /pʰu²¹/
Kunming /pʰu³¹/
Nanjing /pʰuʔ⁵/
Hefei /pʰəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /pʰaʔ²/
Pingyao /pʰʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /pʰaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /pʰoʔ⁵/
Suzhou /pʰoʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /pʰoʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /pʰo²¹³/
Hui Shexian /pʰɔʔ²¹/
Tunxi /pʰu⁵/
Xiang Changsha /pʰu²⁴/
Xiangtan /pʰu²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /pʰuʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /pʰuk̚¹/
Taoyuan /pʰuk̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pʰɔk̚³/
Nanning /pʰuk̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /pʰɔk̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pʰɔk̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pʰouʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pʰu²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /pʰok̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbɔk̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (2)
Final () (3)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pʰuk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/pʰuk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/pʰuk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pʰəwk̚/
Li
Rong
/pʰuk̚/
Wang
Li
/pʰuk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pʰuk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
pu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ phuwk ›
Old
Chinese
/*pʰˤok/
English beat (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 9883 9893
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*broːɡ/ /*pʰoːɡ/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

JapaneseEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(bak, bok) (hangeul , , revised bak, bok, McCune-Reischauer pak, pok, Yale pak, pok)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(vục, buộc, phác, phốc, vọc)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
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