See also: Verge and vergé

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from Middle French verge (rod or wand of office), hence "scope, territory dominated", from Latin virga (shoot, rod stick), of unknown origin. Earliest attested sense in English is now-obsolete meaning "male member, penis" (c.1400). Modern sense is from the notion of 'within the verge' (1509, also as Anglo-Norman dedeinz la verge), i.e. "subject to the Lord High Steward's authority" (as symbolized by the rod of office), originally a 12-mile radius round the royal court, which sense shifted to "the outermost edge of an expanse or area." Doublet of virga.

NounEdit

verge (plural verges)

  1. A rod or staff of office, e.g. of a verger.
    1. (Britain, historical) The stick or wand with which persons were formerly admitted tenants, by holding it in the hand and swearing fealty to the lord. Such tenants were called tenants by the verge.
  2. An edge or border.
    • 1848, John Stuart Mill, Principles of Political Economy
      Even though we go to the extreme verge of possibility to invent a supposition favourable to it, the theory [] implies an absurdity.
    • 1852, Matthew Arnold, Stanzas from Carnac
      But on the horizon's verge descried,
      Hangs, touched with light, one snowy sail.
    • 1879, R[ichard] J[efferies], chapter 1, in The Amateur Poacher, London: Smith, Elder, & Co., [], OCLC 752825175:
      It was not far from the house; but the ground sank into a depression there, and the ridge of it behind shut out everything except just the roof of the tallest hayrick. As one sat on the sward behind the elm, with the back turned on the rick and nothing in front but the tall elms and the oaks in the other hedge, it was quite easy to fancy it the verge of the prairie with the backwoods close by.
    1. (Britain, Australia, New Zealand) The grassy area between the footpath and the street; a tree lawn.
    2. (figuratively) An extreme limit beyond which something specific will happen.
      I was on the verge of tears.
      • 1898, H.G. Wells, The War of the Worlds, London: William Heinemann, page 113:
        The tremendous tragedy in which he had been involved – it was evident he was a fugitive from Weybridge - had driven him to the very verge of his reason.
  3. (obsolete) The phallus.
    1. (zoology) The external male organ of certain mollusks, worms, etc.
  4. An old measure of land: a virgate or yardland.
  5. A circumference; a circle; a ring.
  6. (architecture) The shaft of a column, or a small ornamental shaft[1].
  7. (architecture) The eaves or edge of the roof that projects over the gable of a roof.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Encyc. Brit to this entry?)
  8. (horology) The spindle of a watch balance, especially one with pallets, as in the old vertical escapement.

SynonymsEdit

  • (strip of land between street and sidewalk): see list at tree lawn
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from Latin vergō (to bend, turn, tend toward, incline), from Proto-Indo-European *werg- (to turn), from a root *wer- (to turn, bend) (compare versus); strongly influenced by the above noun.

VerbEdit

verge (third-person singular simple present verges, present participle verging, simple past and past participle verged)

  1. (intransitive) To be or come very close; to border; to approach.
    Eating blowfish verges on insanity.
  2. To bend or incline; to tend downward; to slope.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1845, Oxford Glossary of Architecture

CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Occitan, from Latin virgō, virginem.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

verge (masculine and feminine plural verges or vèrgens)

  1. virgin
    Synonym: poncell

NounEdit

verge m or f (plural verges or vèrgens)

  1. virgin
    Synonyms: poncell, poncella

Further readingEdit


DutchEdit

VerbEdit

verge

  1. (archaic) singular present subjunctive of vergen

FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle French verge (rod or wand of office), hence "scope, territory dominated", from Old French verge, virge, from Latin virga (shoot, rod stick), of uncertain origin, but probably from a Proto-Indo-European *wisgeh₂ (flexible rod or stick). Doublet of vergue.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

verge f (plural verges)

  1. rod
  2. penis (male sexual organ)
    Synonym: pénis
  3. (Canada) yard

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Spanish: verja

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


FriulianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Vulgar Latin *virdia (see for cognates), from syncopation of Latin viridia, neuter plural of viridis (green).

NounEdit

verge f (plural vergis)

  1. cabbage

Related termsEdit


LatinEdit

VerbEdit

verge

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of vergō

Middle FrenchEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old French verge, virge, from Latin virga.

NounEdit

verge f (plural verges)

  1. rod; stick; staff
    • Exodus, the Bible
      Moyse ietta en la terre la verge qu'il tenoit dans sa main [] elle fust soudain changé en serpent
      Moses throw on the ground the staff that he held in is hand [] suddenly, it changes into a serpent

DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old French verge, vierge, virge, from virgene, from Latin virginem, accusative of virgō.

NounEdit

verge f (plural verges)

  1. female virgin (female person who has never had sexual intercourse)

DescendantsEdit


Norwegian BokmålEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈvêr.ɡə/
  • (flapped rhotic) IPA(key): [ˈʋæ̂ɾ.ɡə]
  • (uvular rhotic) IPA(key): [ˈʋæ̂ʁ.ɡə]

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse verja. Compare Danish værge, Faroese verja, Icelandic verja, Swedish värja.

VerbEdit

verge (present tense verger, past tense verga or verget, past participle verga or verget)

  1. (transitive) to protect
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From the verb

NounEdit

verge m (definite singular vergen, indefinite plural verger, definite plural vergene)

  1. (literary, rare) a protector, defender
  2. (law) a guardian, conservator; a person appointed to manage the affairs of others
    Synonym: formynder

NounEdit

verge n (definite singular verget, indefinite plural verg, definite plural verga or vergene)

  1. weapon used for defense
  2. custody
    Synonyms: varetekt, forvaring

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit


Old FrenchEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From a shortening of earlier forms virgine, virgene, from Latin virginem, accusative singular of virgō, possibly a borrowing.

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

verge f (oblique plural verges, nominative singular verge, nominative plural verges)

  1. virgin (one who has never had sex)

AdjectiveEdit

verge m (oblique and nominative feminine singular verge)

  1. virgin; virginal
Usage notesEdit
  • Often capitalized as la Verge when referring to the Virgin Mary
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin virga.

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

verge f (oblique plural verges, nominative singular verge, nominative plural verges)

  1. rod; stick; staff
DescendantsEdit