See also:
U+6CD5, 法
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6CD5

[U+6CD4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6CD6]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 85, +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 水土戈 (EGI), four-corner 34131, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 616, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17290
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1010, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 1579, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+6CD5

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

𢌇

𣳴

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script
   

Simplified from earlier , which was originally used to represent (OC *pads, “to cast aside; to abrogate”).

Etymology 1Edit

Sino-Tibetan. Cognate with Tibetan བབས (babs, shape, form, appearance), དབྱིབས (dbyibs, shape, form, figure). Possibly cognate with (OC *bom, “all, general, every; pattern, general rule”); see there for more.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • Cantonese
  • Gan
  • Hakka
  • Jin
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • huab4 - Chaozhou, Chaoyang, Jieyang, Raoping, Pontianak;
    • huag4 - Shantou, Chenghai.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /fa²¹⁴/
    /fa⁵¹/
    Harbin /fa²¹³/
    Tianjin /fɑ⁴⁵/ ~子
    /fɑ¹³/ 方~,~國
    Jinan /fa²¹³/
    Qingdao /fa⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /fa²⁴/
    Xi'an /fa²¹/
    Xining /fa⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /fa¹³/
    Lanzhou /fa¹³/
    Ürümqi /fa⁵¹/
    Wuhan /fa²¹³/
    Chengdu /fa³¹/
    Guiyang /fa²¹/
    Kunming /fa̠³¹/
    Nanjing /fɑʔ⁵/
    Hefei /fɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /faʔ²/
    Pingyao /xuʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /faʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /faʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /faʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /fɑʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /ho²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /faʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /fuːə⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /fa²⁴/
    Xiangtan /ɸɒ²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /faʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /fap̚¹/
    Taoyuan /fɑp̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /fat̚³/
    Nanning /fat̚³³/
    Hong Kong /fat̚³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /huat̚³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huɑʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xua²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /huak̚²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /fak̚⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (1)
    Final () (148)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /pɨɐp̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /piɐp̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /piɐp̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /puap̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /piɐp̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /pĭwɐp̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /pi̯wɐp̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    fa
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    faat3
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ pjop ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[p.k]ap/
    English model, law

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 2867
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pqab/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. law; rule; regulation; statute
        ―  yuàn  ―  court of law
        ―    ―  to legislate
        ―  fàn  ―  to break the law
      普通  ―  pǔtōng  ―  common law
      著作權 / 著作权  ―  zhùzuòquán  ―  copyright law
    2. norm; standard; model; example
      /   ―  shū  ―  model calligraphy
    3. to imitate; to emulate
        ―  xiào  ―  to imitate
      /   ―  shī  ―  to imitate
    4. method; way; solution
      歸納 / 归纳  ―  guīnà  ―  inductive reasoning
    5. (Buddhism) dharma; principle of the universe; teachings of Buddha
      /   ―  lún  ―  dharmachakra
      時期 / 时期  ―  shíqī  ―  Dharma-ending age
    6. magic; magic arts; sorcery; witchcraft
        ―  shī  ―  to cast a spell
    7. 40th tetragram of the Taixuanjing; "law" (𝌭)
    8. A surname​.
    Usage notesEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: (ほう) ()
    • Korean: (, beop)
    • Vietnamese: pháp ()

    Others:

    • → Proto-Tai
      • Lao: ແບບ (bǣp, form; model, standard, example; method; style, manner; brand, type)
      • Thai: แบบ (bɛ̀ɛp, kind; design, pattern; style; type; model)
      • Khmer: បែប (baep, kind, sort, model, type; style, form, shape; aspect; method, way, situation, condition)
    • Vietnamese: phép (rule, custom, usage, method; permission, authorisation; magical power)

    Etymology 2Edit

    PronunciationEdit


    Note:
    • huab4 - Chaozhou;
    • huag4 - Shantou.

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Short for 法蘭西法兰西 (Fǎlánxī, “France”).
      /   ―    ―  French language
        ―  gùn  ―  French stick
    Usage notesEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 3Edit

    PronunciationEdit


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Short for 法拉 (fǎlā, “farad”).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. method
    2. law, rule
    3. principle
    4. model
    5. system

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

     
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    Kanji in this term
    ほう
    Grade: 4
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC pɨɐp̚). Originally, the kan'on was はふ (fafu), and the goon was ほふ (fofu), although both became ほう () in modern Japanese. It is suggested that the kan'on was used in the general senses, while the goon was used in Buddhist contexts.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (ほう) (はふ (fafu)?

    1. principle
    2. law
    3. code of law
    4. method
    5. etiquette
    6. (Buddhism) dharma
    7. (grammar) mood
    8. (mathematics) divisor
    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    のり
    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi

    PronunciationEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    NounEdit

    (のり) (nori

    1. law
    2. measure, size
      (うち)(のり)
      uchi nori
      inner size
    SynonymsEdit

    Etymology 3Edit

    Kanji in this term
    ふらん
    Grade: 4
    Irregular

    From French franc.[1][3]

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (フラン) (furan

    1. Alternative spelling of フラン

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
    3. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun (beop beop))

    1. Hanja form? of (law).

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: pháp, phấp, phép, phăm, phắp

    1. law
    2. method
    3. France, French

    Derived termsEdit