Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
法-order.gif

Han characterEdit

(radical 85 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 水土戈 (EGI), four-corner 34131, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 616, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17290
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1010, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1579, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+6CD5

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Simplified from earlier , which was originally used to represent (“to cast aside; to abrogate”). in this character is probably ideogrammatic, not phonetic.

EtymologyEdit

Sino-Tibetan. Cognate with Tibetan བབས ‎(babs, shape, form, appearance), དབྱིབས ‎(dbyibs, shape, form, figure). Possibly cognate with (“all, general, every; pattern, general rule”); see there for more.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /fa²¹⁴/
/fa⁵¹/
Harbin /fa²¹³/
Tianjin /fɑ⁴⁵/ ~子
/fɑ¹³/ 方~,~國
Jinan /fa²¹³/
Qingdao /fa⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /fa²⁴/
Xi'an /fa²¹/
Xining /fa⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /fa¹³/
Lanzhou /fa¹³/
Ürümqi /fa⁵¹/
Wuhan /fa²¹³/
Chengdu /fa³¹/
Guiyang /fa²¹/
Kunming /fa̠³¹/
Nanjing /fɑʔ⁵/
Hefei /fɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /faʔ²/
Pingyao /xuʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /faʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /faʔ⁵/
Suzhou /faʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /fɑʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /ho²¹³/
Hui Shexian /faʔ²¹/
Tunxi /fuːə⁵/
Xiang Changsha /fa²⁴/
Xiangtan /ɸɒ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /faʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /fap̚¹/
Taoyuan /fɑp̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /fat̚³/
Nanning /fat̚³³/
Hong Kong /fat̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /huat̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huɑʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xua²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /huak̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /fak̚⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (1)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/pɨɐp̚/ /pi̯wɐp̚/ /piɐp̚/ /piɐp̚/ /puap̚/ /pĭwɐp̚/ /piɐp̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ pjop › /*[p.k]ap/ model, law

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
2867 1 /*pqab/ 說文灋省文

DefinitionsEdit

  1. law, rule, regulation, statute
  2. norm, standard, model
  3. method, way
  4. Abbreviation of 法國 (“France; French”).
  5. Dharma

CompoundsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic ():

Others:

  • → Proto-Tai
    • Lao: ແບບ ‎(bǣp, form; model, standard, example; method; style, manner; brand, type)
    • Thai: แบบ ‎(bɛ̀ɛp, kind; design, pattern; style; type; model)
    • → Khmer: បែប ‎(bêb, kind, sort, model, type; style, form, shape; aspect; method, way, situation, condition)
    • → Vietnamese: phép ‎(rule, custom, usage, method; permission, authorisation; magical power)

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. method
  2. law
  3. rule
  4. principle
  5. model
  6. system

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

SynonymsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana ほう, romaji , historical hiragana はふ)

  1. principle
  2. law
  3. code of law
  4. method
  5. etiquette
  6. (Buddhism) dharma
  7. (grammar) mood
  8. (mathematics) divisor

ReferencesEdit

  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, ISBN 4095102535.

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(beop) (hangeul , revised beop, McCune-Reischauer pŏp, Yale pep)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(pháp, phấp, phép, phăm, phắp)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
Read in another language