U+6CD5, 法
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6CD5

[U+6CD4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6CD6]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 85 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 水土戈 (EGI), four-corner 34131, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 616, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17290
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1010, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1579, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+6CD5

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*pqab
*pqab

Simplified from earlier , which was originally used to represent (OC *pads, “to cast aside; to abrogate”). (OC *kʰaʔ, *kʰas) in this character is probably ideogrammatic, not phonetic.

EtymologyEdit

Sino-Tibetan. Cognate with Tibetan བབས(babs, shape, form, appearance), དབྱིབས(dbyibs, shape, form, figure). Possibly cognate with (OC *bom, “all, general, every; pattern, general rule”); see there for more.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • fǎ - normal pronunciation;
  • fā - used in some colloquial words (e.g. 法兒 (“method”) in 法兒 and 法兒);
  • fá - used in 法子 (“method”) and 法兒 (“method”);
  • fà - common Taiwan variant in 法國 (“France”).

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /fa²¹⁴/
/fa⁵¹/
Harbin /fa²¹³/
Tianjin /fɑ⁴⁵/ ~子
/fɑ¹³/ 方~,~國
Jinan /fa²¹³/
Qingdao /fa⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /fa²⁴/
Xi'an /fa²¹/
Xining /fa⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /fa¹³/
Lanzhou /fa¹³/
Ürümqi /fa⁵¹/
Wuhan /fa²¹³/
Chengdu /fa³¹/
Guiyang /fa²¹/
Kunming /fa̠³¹/
Nanjing /fɑʔ⁵/
Hefei /fɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /faʔ²/
Pingyao /xuʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /faʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /faʔ⁵/
Suzhou /faʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /fɑʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /ho²¹³/
Hui Shexian /faʔ²¹/
Tunxi /fuːə⁵/
Xiang Changsha /fa²⁴/
Xiangtan /ɸɒ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /faʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /fap̚¹/
Taoyuan /fɑp̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /fat̚³/
Nanning /fat̚³³/
Hong Kong /fat̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /huat̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huɑʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xua²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /huak̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /fak̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (1)
Final () (148)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pɨɐp̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/piɐp̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/piɐp̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/puap̚/
Li
Rong
/piɐp̚/
Wang
Li
/pĭwɐp̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pi̯wɐp̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
fa
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ pjop ›
Old
Chinese
/*[p.k]ap/
English model, law

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2867
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pqab/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. law; rule; regulation; statute
  2. norm; standard; model; example
  3. method; way; solution
  4. (Buddhism) dharma; principle of the universe; teachings of Buddha
  5. Buddhist; relating to Buddhism
  6. to imitate; to emulate
  7. Short for 法國 (“France; French”).
  8. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic ():

Others:

  • → Proto-Tai
    • Lao: ແບບ(bǣp, form; model, standard, example; method; style, manner; brand, type)
    • Thai: แบบ(bɛ̀ɛp, kind; design, pattern; style; type; model)
    • → Khmer: បែប(bêb, kind, sort, model, type; style, form, shape; aspect; method, way, situation, condition)
    • → Vietnamese: phép(rule, custom, usage, method; permission, authorisation; magical power)

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. method
  2. law
  3. rule
  4. principle
  5. model
  6. system

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
ほう
Grade: 4
on'yomi

Middle Chinese

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana ほう, romaji , historical hiragana はふ)

  1. principle
  2. law
  3. code of law
  4. method
  5. etiquette
  6. (Buddhism) dharma
  7. (grammar) mood
  8. (mathematics) divisor
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
のり
Grade: 4
kun'yomi

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana のり, romaji nori)

  1. law

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
ふらん
Grade: 4
Irregular

From French franc.[1][3]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(katakana フラン, romaji furan)

  1. Alternative spelling of フラン

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  3. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, ISBN 4095102535.

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(beop) (hangeul , revised beop, McCune-Reischauer pŏp, Yale pep)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(pháp, phấp, phép, phăm, phắp)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.