Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(bamboo) + phonetic  – a bamboo pipe.

Han characterEdit

(radical 118 +6, 12 strokes, cangjie input 竹月一口 (HBMR), four-corner 88227, composition)

  1. thick piece of bamboo
  2. pipe

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 883, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 26004
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1312, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 2965, character 16
  • Unihan data for U+7B52

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (7)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/duŋ/ /dʱuŋ/ /duŋ/ /duŋ/ /dəwŋ/ /duŋ/ /duŋ/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (7)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/duŋH/ /dʱuŋH/ /duŋH/ /duŋH/ /dəwŋH/ /duŋH/ /duŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
tǒng ‹ duwng › /*lˤoŋ/ tube

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12452 0 /*doːŋ/
12476 0 /*doːŋs/

NounEdit

  1. (affix) a section of bamboo
  2. (affix) hollow tube; pipe
  3. (affix) barrel; can; tin

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(tong) (hangeul , revised tong, McCune-Reischauer t'ong, Yale thong)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(đồng)

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