U+6D1E, 洞
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6D1E

[U+6D1D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6D1F]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

Stroke order
 

(radical 85, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 水月一口 (EBMR), four-corner 37120, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 620, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17386
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1016, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 1607, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+6D1E

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

EtymologyEdit

“hole; cavity” > “penetrating; thorough; zero”
From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *dwa(ː)ŋ (hole; orifice; cave; pit; well). Cognate with Burmese တွင်း (twang:), Tibetan དོང (dong) and Jingpho kha-thung (well, pit).

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • dang7 - vernacular;
  • tong7 - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /tuŋ⁵¹/
    Harbin /tuŋ⁵³/
    Tianjin /tuŋ⁵³/
    Jinan /tuŋ²¹/
    Qingdao /təŋ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /tuŋ³¹²/
    Xi'an /tuŋ⁴⁴/
    Xining /tuə̃²¹³/
    Yinchuan /tuŋ¹³/
    Lanzhou /tũn¹³/
    Ürümqi /tuŋ²¹³/
    Wuhan /toŋ³⁵/
    Chengdu /toŋ¹³/
    Guiyang /toŋ²¹³/
    Kunming /toŋ¹/
    Nanjing /toŋ⁴⁴/
    Hefei /təŋ²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /tuəŋ⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /tuŋ³⁵/
    Hohhot /tũŋ⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /doŋ²³/
    Suzhou /doŋ³¹/
    Hangzhou /doŋ¹³/
    Wenzhou /doŋ²²/
    Hui Shexian /tʰʌ̃²²/
    Tunxi /tan¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /toŋ⁵⁵/
    /toŋ¹¹/
    Xiangtan /dən²¹/
    Gan Nanchang /tʰuŋ²¹/
    Hakka Meixian /tʰuŋ⁵³/
    Taoyuan /tʰuŋ⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /toŋ²²/
    Nanning /tuŋ²²/
    Hong Kong /tuŋ²²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tɔŋ²²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tɔyŋ²⁴²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tɔŋ⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /taŋ³¹/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdoŋ³³/
    /ʔdoŋ²³/ ~房

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (7)
    Final () (1)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /duŋH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /duŋH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /duŋH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /dəwŋH/
    Li
    Rong
    /duŋH/
    Wang
    Li
    /duŋH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /dʱuŋH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    dòng
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 12469
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*doːŋs/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. hole; cavity; cave
    2. thorough; penetrating
    3. the numeral zero (when reading numbers in certain situations)
    4. dong, a submunicipal administrative division in North and South Korea
    SynonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 2Edit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (7)
    Final () (1)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /duŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /duŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /duŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /dəwŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /duŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /duŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /dʱuŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    tóng
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 12453
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*doːŋ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Only used in 澒洞 and 洪洞 (Hóngtóng).

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. Cave, den, grotto

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    From Middle Chinese (MC duŋH).

    HanjaEdit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun (gol dong))

    1. Hanja form? of (hole; cavity; cave).
    2. Hanja form? of (dong, a submunicipal administrative division in North and South Korea).

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun 밝을 (balgeul tong))

    1. Hanja form? of (bright; thorough; penetrating).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (đọng, động, đùng, dộng, dọng, đỗng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.