See also:
U+7F3A, 缺
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7F3A

[U+7F39]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7F3B]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 121, +4, 10 strokes, cangjie input 人山木大 (OUDK), four-corner 85730, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 945, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 28122
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1385, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 2936, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+7F3A

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kʰʷed, *kʰʷeːd): semantic (earthen pot) + phonetic (OC *kʷraːds).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • kheh/kherh/khoeh, khih - vernacular;
  • khoat - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰyɛ⁵⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰyɛ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰye²¹/
Jinan /t͡ɕʰyə²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡ɕʰyə⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕʰyɛ²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕʰyɛ²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕʰyu⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰye¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰyə¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰyɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰye²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰye³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰie²¹/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰiɛ³¹/
Nanjing /t͡ɕʰyeʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰyɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰyəʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡ɕʰyʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰyaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰioʔ⁵/
/t͡ɕʰyɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡ɕʰyəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰioʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰy²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰyeʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰyɛ⁵/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕʰye²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕʰyæ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰyɵʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /kʰiat̚¹/
Taoyuan /kʰiet̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kʰyt̚³/
Nanning /kʰyt̚³³/
Hong Kong /kʰyt̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰuat̚³²/
/kʰeʔ³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰwoʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰyɛ²⁴/
/kʰiɛ²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰueʔ²/
/kʰiʔ²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /xi⁵⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (29) (29)
Final () (88) (82)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () IV III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰwet̚/ /kʰiuᴇt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰʷet̚/ /kʰʷiɛt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰuɛt̚/ /kʰjuæt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰwɛt̚/ /kʰwiat̚/
Li
Rong
/kʰuet̚/ /kʰiuɛt̚/
Wang
Li
/kʰiwet̚/ /kʰĭuɛt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰiwet̚/ /kʰi̯wɛt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
que que
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
quē
Middle
Chinese
‹ khwet ›
Old
Chinese
/*Nə-[k]ʷʰˁet/
English break; defective

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 4412 4430
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰʷed/ /*kʰʷeːd/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. incomplete; uncompleted; deficient
  2. imperfect; flawed
  3. to lack; to be short of
  4. to be absent
  5. vacancy; gap; deficit
  6. (colloquial) to be mean; to be wicked
  7. (colloquial) to be stupid; to be dense

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. lack
  2. gap
  3. fail

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Usage notesEdit

In modern Japanese, is mostly replaced by , due to the deprecation of non-tōyō kanji caused by the Japanese script reform.
(Create Category:Japanese terms with 缺 replaced by daiyōji 欠 to display related terms)


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 이지러질 (ijireojil gyeol))

  1. Hanja form? of (be short of, lack).
  2. Hanja form? of (gap, deficit).

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(khuyết)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.