See also:
U+50BE, 傾
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-50BE

[U+50BD]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+50BF]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 9, +11, 13 strokes, cangjie input 人心一金 (OPMC), four-corner 21286, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 115, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1038
  • Dae Jaweon: page 245, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 212, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+50BE

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 


References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kʰʷeŋ): semantic (man) + phonetic (OC *kʰʷeŋ, *kʰʷeŋʔ). Note that it is not + .

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • ken1 - “to chat”;
  • ken2 - other senses.
  • Hakka
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • kuang1 - Shantou;
    • kuêng1 - Chaozhou.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁵⁵/
    Harbin /kʰəŋ⁴⁴/
    /t͡ɕʰiŋ²¹³/
    Tianjin /t͡ɕʰiŋ¹³/
    Jinan /t͡ɕʰyŋ²¹³/
    Qingdao /t͡ɕʰiŋ²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /t͡ɕʰiŋ²⁴/
    /t͡ɕʰyŋ²⁴/
    Xi'an /t͡ɕʰyŋ⁵³/
    Xining /t͡ɕʰiə̃⁵³/
    Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰĩn³¹/
    /t͡ɕʰỹn³¹/
    Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /t͡ɕʰin⁴²/
    Chengdu /t͡ɕʰyn⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /t͡ɕʰin⁵⁵/
    Kunming /t͡ɕʰĩ⁵³/
    Nanjing /t͡ɕʰin³¹/
    Hefei /t͡ɕʰin²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰiəŋ⁵³/
    Pingyao /t͡ɕʰiŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡ɕʰĩŋ⁵³/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰiŋ³⁵/
    Suzhou /t͡ɕʰin⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰin³³/
    Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰoŋ³³/
    Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰyʌ̃³⁵/
    Tunxi /t͡ɕʰin¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕʰyn³³/
    /kʰuan³³/
    Xiangtan /t͡ɕʰyn³³/
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian /kʰen⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan
    Cantonese Guangzhou /kʰeŋ⁵³/
    Nanning /kʰeŋ⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /kʰiŋ⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰiŋ⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰiŋ⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰeiŋ⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰuaŋ³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /xeŋ³¹/
    /xeŋ⁵⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (29)
    Final () (122)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kʰwiᴇŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʰʷiɛŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kʰiuæŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kʰwiajŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /kʰiuɛŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /kʰĭwɛŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kʰi̯wɛŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    qiōng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    qīng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ khjwieng ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[k]ʷʰeŋ/
    English incline (v.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 10506
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰʷeŋ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to lean; to tilt; to incline
    2. to collapse
    3. to overturn and pour out; to empty
    4. to do one's best; to use up all of one's resources
    5. to adore; to admire
    6. to overpower; to overwhelm
    7. to compete
    8. entire; whole
    9. (Cantonese) to chat; to converse
    10. (Cantonese, card games) king

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Related termsEdit

    NounEdit

    (ななめ) (naname

    1. (obsolete) Alternative form of 斜め

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eum (gyeong))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: khuynh, khoanh, khuâng, khuỳnh

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.