U+50BE, 傾
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-50BE

[U+50BD]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+50BF]
See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 9 +11, 13 strokes, cangjie input 人心一金 (OPMC), four-corner 21286, composition)

  1. upset, pour out, overflow
  2. lean, bend, incline

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 115, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1038
  • Dae Jaweon: page 245, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 212, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+50BE

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
 


References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡeːnʔ, *kʰʷeːŋʔ
*kʰʷeŋ
*kʰʷeŋ, *kʰʷeŋʔ
*ɢʷeŋʔ
*ɢʷeŋʔ
*kʷeːŋʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kʰʷeŋ): semantic  (man) + phonetic  (OC *kʰʷeŋ, *kʰʷeŋʔ). Note that it is not  + .

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • ken1 - “to chat”;
  • ken2 - other senses.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /kʰəŋ⁴⁴/
/t͡ɕʰiŋ²¹³/
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰiŋ¹³/
Jinan /t͡ɕʰyŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡ɕʰiŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕʰiŋ²⁴/
/t͡ɕʰyŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕʰyŋ⁵³/
Xining /t͡ɕʰiə̃⁵³/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰĩn³¹/
/t͡ɕʰỹn³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰin⁴²/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰyn⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰin⁵⁵/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰĩ⁵³/
Nanjing /t͡ɕʰin³¹/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰin²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰiəŋ⁵³/
Pingyao /t͡ɕʰiŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰĩŋ⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰiŋ³⁵/
Suzhou /t͡ɕʰin⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰin³³/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰoŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰyʌ̃³⁵/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰin¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕʰyn³³/
/kʰuan³³/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕʰyn³³/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /kʰen⁴⁴/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /kʰeŋ⁵³/
Nanning /kʰeŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /kʰiŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰiŋ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰiŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰeiŋ⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰuaŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /xeŋ³¹/
/xeŋ⁵⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (29)
Final () (122)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰwiᴇŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰʷiɛŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰiuæŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰwiajŋ/
Li
Rong
/kʰiuɛŋ/
Wang
Li
/kʰĭwɛŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰi̯wɛŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qiōng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qīng
Middle
Chinese
‹ khjwieng ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ʷʰeŋ/
English incline (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10506
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰʷeŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to lean; to tilt; to incline
  2. to collapse
  3. to overturn and pour out; to empty
  4. to do one's best; to use up all of one's resources
  5. to adore; to admire
  6. to overpower; to overwhelm
  7. to compete
  8. entire; whole
  9. (Cantonese) to chat; to converse

Derived termsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gyeong) (hangeul , revised gyeong, McCune-Reischauer kyŏng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(khuynh, khoanh, khuâng, khuỳnh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.