See also: and
U+80C3, 胃
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-80C3

[U+80C2]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+80C4]

Translingual edit

Stroke order
 

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 130, +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 田月 (WB), four-corner 60227, composition )

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 977, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29348
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1428, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2059, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+80C3

Chinese edit

trad.
simp. #
alternative forms 𦛂
𦞅
𦝩
𦞽
 
Wikipedia has an article on:

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 

According to Shuowen Jiezi, the 𡇒 character (note that this Unicode character has undergone libian simplification) atop 𦞅 is a pictogram (象形) of a stomach. While the bronze script form merely consisted of two concentric circles, an inner portion of the character was later added, namely a mutated form of the seal script character of ("rice"), representing grains within the stomach. A component (modern radical form , not to be confused with the unrelated ) was added to specialise the character. Upon transition to the clerical script form, the upper component was simplified to .

The ancient form of the character can be seen within the lower component of 𦳊.

Pronunciation edit


Note:
  • Quanzhou:
    • ui - vernacular;
    • ūi - literary.
  • (Teochew)
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (35)
    Final () (21)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Baxter hjw+jH
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦʉiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦʷɨiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣiuəiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦujH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣiuəiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣĭwəiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /we̯iH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    wèi
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    wai6
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    wèi
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hjwɨjH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ɢ]ʷə[t]-s/
    English stomach

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 12942
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɢuds/

    Definitions edit

    1. stomach
    2. gizzard of fowl
    3. (~宿) (Chinese astronomy) Stomach Mansion (one of Twenty-Eight Mansions)

    Synonyms edit

    Meronyms edit

    Compounds edit

    Descendants edit

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: () (i)
    • Korean: 위(胃) (wi)

    References edit

    Japanese edit

     
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja

    Kanji edit

    (grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. stomach

    Readings edit

    Etymology edit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 6
    on’yomi

    /wi//i/

    From Middle Chinese (MC hjw+jH).

    Pronunciation edit

    Noun edit

    () (i (wi)?

    1. stomach

    Synonyms edit

    Proper noun edit

    () (I (wi)?

    1. (Chinese astronomy) Stomach Mansion (one of the Twenty-Eight Mansions)

    Synonyms edit

    Affix edit

    () (i (wi)?

    1. stomach

    Derived terms edit

    References edit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean edit

    Etymology edit

    From Middle Chinese (MC hjw+jH).

    Historical Readings
    Dongguk Jeongun Reading
    Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 ᅌᅱᆼ〮 (Yale: ngwúy)
    Middle Korean
    Text Eumhun
    Gloss (hun) Reading
    Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[2] 야ᇰ〯 (Yale: yǎng) 위〮 (Yale: wúy)

    Pronunciation edit

    Hanja edit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 위장(胃臟) (wijang wi))

    1. Hanja form? of (stomach).

    Compounds edit

    References edit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [3]

    Vietnamese edit

    Han character edit

    : Hán Nôm readings: vị

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.