TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
鹿-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Deer running.jpg

Pictogram (象形) – a deer. Current form is highly abstracted – legs have transformed to – note grouping of front and rear legs, which are bent – head has transformed to middle component (similar to /), while antlers on top and extended lip/mouth on left transformed into 广. This simplification occurred during seal characters.

Contrast the very different development of (horse), and the hybrid simplification in 𢊁 (bison) (as in ), which has the head of 鹿 but the legs of 馬 ().

Han characterEdit

鹿 (radical 198 鹿+0, 11 strokes, cangjie input 戈X心 (IXP), four-corner 00211)

  1. deer
  2. used as a surname
  3. KangXi radical 198

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1508, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 47586
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2036, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4727, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9E7F

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

鹿 (Jyutping luk6, Yale luk6)


HakkaEdit

HanziEdit

鹿 (POJ lu̍k, Guangdong luk8, Hagfa Pinyim lug6)

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

鹿

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. deer

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Japanese.

NounEdit

鹿 (hiragana , romaji ka)

  1. deer (archaic)

Etymology 2Edit

From (se, male) + 鹿 (ka, deer), in contrast to 女鹿 (meka, female deer (archaic)).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

鹿 (hiragana しか, romaji shika)

  1. deer
    奈良公園には鹿しかいない。
    nara kōen ni wa shika shika inai.

Etymology 3Edit

From the resemblance to a 桛木 (kasegi, cross-shaped spindle, or a branching point in a tree)

NounEdit

鹿 (hiragana かせぎ, romaji kasegi)

  1. deer (archaic)
    • 1212: Hōjōki
      山鳥のほろと鳴くを聞きても、父か母かと疑ひ、峰のかせぎの近くなれたるにつけても、世に遠ざかるほどを知る。
      yamadori no horo to naku wo kikite mo, chichi ka haha ka to utagahi, mine no kasegi no chikaku naretaru ni tsukete mo, yo ni tōzakaru hodo wo shiru.

Etymology 4Edit

From 鹿 (ka, deer) + (no, possessive particle) + (shishi, flesh).

NounEdit

鹿 (hiragana かのしし, romaji kanoshishi)

  1. deer meat: venison
  2. deer (archaic)

Etymology 5Edit

From (shishi, flesh).

NounEdit

鹿 (hiragana しし, romaji shishi)

  1. beast (used for its meat such as a boar or a deer) (archaic)

ReferencesEdit

  • 1989 [1212], Teiji Ichiko, Hōjōki (Shintei), Iwanami Shoten, 4-00-301001-9:
  • 1957, Minoru Nishio, Nihon Koten Bungaku Taikei: Hōjōki, Tsurezuregusa, Iwanami Shoten, 4-00-060030-3:

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

鹿 (rok>nok) (hangeul [[>]], revised rok>nok, McCune-Reischauer rok>nok, Yale lok>nok)


MandarinEdit

HanziEdit

鹿 (Pinyin (lu4), Wade-Giles lu4)


Middle ChineseEdit

Han characterEdit

鹿 (*luk)


Min NanEdit

HanziEdit

鹿 (TLPA lo̍k (lok8))

ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

鹿 (lộc)

Last modified on 13 April 2014, at 17:59