U+82DB, 苛
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-82DB

[U+82DA]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+82DC]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(Kangxi radical 140, +5, 9 strokes in traditional Chinese and Korean, 8 strokes in mainland China and Japanese, cangjie input 廿一弓口 (TMNR), four-corner 44621, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1022, character 33
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30785
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1481, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3187, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+82DB

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. #

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡaːl): semantic + phonetic (OC *kʰaːlʔ).

Pronunciation 1Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (94)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɑ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦɑ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣɑ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦa/
Li
Rong
/ɣɑ/
Wang
Li
/ɣɑ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣɑ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
ho4
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7460
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡaːl/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. harsh; severe; exacting
      ―  yán  ―  strict and harsh
      ―    ―  to severely criticise

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (alt. form ) to denounce; to condemn; to decry

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 3Edit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. (Taiwanese Hokkien) to put on airs; to give oneself airs
  2. (Taiwanese Hokkien) supercilious; arrogant; haughty; proud

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (MC ɦɑ).

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 매울 (mae'ul ga))

  1. Hanja form? of (harsh).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings:

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.