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U+54E5, 哥
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-54E5

[U+54E4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+54E6]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 30, +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 一口弓口 (MRNR), four-corner 10621, composition ⿱⿹(GHTV) or ⿱可(JK))

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 190, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3641
  • Dae Jaweon: page 409, character 25
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 624, character 19
  • Unihan data for U+54E5

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡ·raːlʔ
*kaːl
*kaːl, *ɡaːl
*kaːl
*kaːl
*kaːl
*kaːl
*kaːl
*kaːl
*kaːlʔ
*kaːlʔ
*kaːlʔ, *kaːnʔ
*kʰaːl, *kʰaːlʔ, *kʰaːls
*kʰaːl
*kʰaːlʔ
*kʰaːlʔ
*kʰaːlʔ, *kʰaːls
*kʰaːls, *ɡaːl
*qʰaːl, *qʰaːls
*qʰaːl
*qʰaːl
*qʰaːls, *ɡaːl, *ɡaːlʔ
*ɡaːl, *ɡaːlʔ
*ɡaːl
*ɡaːl
*ɡaːl
*ɡaːls
*qaːl
*qaːl, *qaːlʔ
*qaːl, *kʰraːls
*qaːl
娿 *qaːl, *qaːlʔ
*qaːl
*kʰraːlʔ
*qʰraːlʔ

Stacked form of (OC *kʰaːlʔ).

EtymologyEdit

“elder brother”
This sense is attested in Medieval Chinese, and became popular during the Tang dynasty, gradually displacing (MC hˠwiæŋ).
It is a clipping of of 阿哥 (MC ʔɑ kɑ), a borrowing from Xianbei *aqa (elder brother) (Mei, 2015). Compare Proto-Mongolic *aka, whence also Mongolian ᠠᠬ᠎ᠠ (aq-a, elder brother). Related to 阿干 (MC ʔɑ kɑn), which is the definite form of the same Xianbei word (Mei, 2015).

PronunciationEdit


Note: koh - only in 哥哥.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (94)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɑ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɑ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ka/
Li
Rong
/kɑ/
Wang
Li
/kɑ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɑ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7437
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kaːl/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. older brother; elder brother
  2. older male relative of the same generation
  3. (polite) term of address for a male person of the same age
  4. Original form of (, “song”).

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. kanji used to transliterate borrowings from foreign languages
  2. sing, singing
  3. elder brother

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ga) (hangeul , revised ga, McCune–Reischauer ka)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(ca, kha)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.