TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 177 +4, 13 strokes, cangjie input 廿十人心 (TJOP), four-corner 44510, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1385, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42729
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1900, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4327, character 21
  • Unihan data for U+9774

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (靴), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 曉 (32)
Final: 戈
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 許𦚢切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/hɨuɑ/ /xi̯wɑ/ /xiuɑ/ /hʷiɑ/ /hua/ /xĭuɑ/ /xiuɑ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5324 1 /*hʷa/ 同鞾

DefinitionsEdit

  1. boots (footwear)

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

PronunciationEdit

EtymologyEdit

Unclear. Some Japanese sources suggest a borrowing from or cognate with Korean 구두 (gudu, “shoes”), but then some Korean sources suggest that the Korean term was borrowed from Japanese (kutsu, “shoes”).

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana くつ, romaji kutsu)

  1. footwear, footgear: a shoe, (a pair of) shoes; a boot, (a pair of) boots

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(hwa) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer hwa, Yale hwa)

  1. (가죽 화, gajuk-sin-): footwear made of leather

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(ngoa)

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