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U+9774, 靴
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9774

[U+9773]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9775]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 177 +4, 13 strokes, cangjie input 廿十人心 (TJOP), four-corner 44510, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1385, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42729
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1900, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4327, character 21
  • Unihan data for U+9774

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ŋʷaːl
*ŋʷaːl
*ŋʷaːl
*lu, *ŋʷaːl
*ŋʷaːl
*hʷa
*hŋʷaːls
*hʷraː
*hŋʷraːls
*hŋʷraːls
*pilʔ

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • hio - literary;
  • hia - vernacular.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ɕyɛ⁵⁵/
    Harbin /ɕyɛ⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /ɕye²¹/
    Jinan /ɕyə²¹³/
    Qingdao /ɕyə⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /ɕyɛ²⁴/
    Xi'an /ɕyɛ²¹/
    Xining /ɕyu⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ɕye⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /ɕyə³¹/
    Ürümqi /ɕyɤ⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /ɕye⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /ɕye⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /ɕie⁵⁵/
    Kunming /ɕiɛ⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /ɕye³¹/
    Hefei /sz̩ʷ²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /ɕye¹¹/
    Pingyao /ɕye̞¹³/
    Hohhot /ɕye³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /ɕyø⁵³/
    Suzhou /ɕio⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /sz̩ʷ³³/
    Wenzhou /ɕy³³/
    Hui Shexian /ɕya³¹/
    Tunxi /ɕyɛ¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ɕye³³/
    /ɕya³³/
    Xiangtan /ɕyɒ³³/
    Gan Nanchang /ɕye⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /hio⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /hio²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /hœ⁵³/
    Nanning /hœ⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /hœ⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hia⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰuo⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xiɔ⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /hia³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /xue²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (32)
    Final () (97)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie 𦚢
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /hɨuɑ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /hʷiɑ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /xiuɑ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /hua/
    Li
    Rong
    /xiuɑ/
    Wang
    Li
    /xĭuɑ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /xi̯wɑ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xuē
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 5324
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*hʷa/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. boots (footwear)

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    PronunciationEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Old Japanese. Found in the Man'yōshū poetry compilation, completed circa 759.[4]

    Ultimate derivation unclear. Some Japanese sources suggest a borrowing from or cognate with Korean 구두 (gudu, “shoes”), but then some Korean sources suggest that the Korean term was borrowed from Japanese (kutsu, “shoes”).

    Alternative formsEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana くつ, rōmaji kutsu)

    1. footwear, footgear: a shoe, (a pair of) shoes; a boot, (a pair of) boots
      • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 14, poem 3399), text here:
        信濃道者 伊麻能波里美知 可里婆祢尓 安思布麻之<奈牟> 久都波氣和我世
         (しな) () ()は  (いま) () (みち)  ()りばねに  (あし) ()ましなむ  (くつ)はけ () ()
        shinanuji wa ima no harimichi karibane ni ashi fumashinamu kutsu hake wagase
        the Shinano road has just been opened; wear shoes, my brother / my dear, so you do not step on the brush stubble [in your bare feet]

    SynonymsEdit

    Derived termsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
    3. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    4. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (hwa) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer hwa, Yale hwa)

    1. (가죽 화, gajuk-sin-): footwear made of leather

    CompoundsEdit


    OkinawanEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Attested in the 沖縄語典 (Okinawa Goten, “Okinawan Dictionary”) as ふや.[1]

    NounEdit

    (hiragana ふや, romaji fuya)

    1. shoe

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 1896: 沖縄語典 (Okinawa Goten, “Okinawan Dictionary”). In Japanese. http://kindai.ndl.go.jp/info:ndljp/pid/992016/33

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (ngoa)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.