See also: , , , , and 𠤎
U+5315, 匕
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5315

[U+5314]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5316]
U+2F14, ⼔
KANGXI RADICAL SPOON

[U+2F13]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2F15]

Translingual edit

Stroke order
 

Alternative forms edit

  • In Taiwan, the upper right stroke of is written with a straight line () from left to right.
  • In other regions, the upper right stroke of is written with a curve (丿) from the top right corner towards the middle left, which is also the historical form found in the Kangxi Dictionary.

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 21, +0, 2 strokes, cangjie input 山竹 (UH), four-corner 22710, composition 丿(GJKH) or (T))

  1. Kangxi radical #21, .

Derived characters edit

Further reading edit

Chinese Wikisource has digitized text of the Kangxi Dictionary entry for :
[[wikisource:zh:康熙字典/匕部/匕部#匕|匕部/匕部]]

Wikisource


  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 152, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2570
  • Dae Jaweon: page 342, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 261, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+5315

Chinese edit

trad.
simp. #
 
Wikipedia has an article on:

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
           

Pictogram (象形) – a spoon.

Etymology 1 edit

Pronunciation edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (1)
Final () (15)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter pjijX
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/piɪX/
Pan
Wuyun
/piX/
Shao
Rongfen
/pjɪX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/piX/
Li
Rong
/piX/
Wang
Li
/piX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/piX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
bei2
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ pjijX › ‹ pjijX ›
Old
Chinese
/*pijʔ/ /*pijʔ/
English ladle, spoon spoon

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 484
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pilʔ/

Definitions edit

  1. (historical) a kind of spoon in ancient China
  2. (literary) dagger
  3. arrow
  4. people
  5. Original form of (, “deceased mother”).

Compounds edit

Etymology 2 edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“(of an animal) female”).
(This character, , is recorded in one or more historical dictionaries as a variant form of ).

Japanese edit

Kanji edit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

Readings edit

Compounds edit

Definitions edit

Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji
on’yomi
Kanji in this term
さじ
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
H
[affix] spoon, scoop
かいH
[noun] (obsolete) a scoop for food
[noun] (archaic, rare) a wooden sword for training
さじH
[noun] spoon, scoop used for food
[noun] more specifically, a spoon or scoop used for compounding medicine
[noun] by extension, medicine
[noun] by further extension, a doctor
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

Korean edit

Hanja edit

(eumhun 비수 (bisu bi))

  1. spoon
  2. dagger

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Nôm readings: chủy/chuỷ

 
匕 is used as an iteration marker here such as in the line, 埃匕𠳺匕麻𦖑 (Ai ai lẳng lặng mà nghe)
  1. In Vietnamese Hán Nôm texts, 匕 is used as an iteration marker.