See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  ‎(shell, money) – valuable goods. 化 means “change”, so also connotation of “valuable goods that are exchanged, commodities”.

Han characterEdit

(radical 154 +4, 11 strokes, cangjie input 人心月山金 (OPBUC), four-corner 24806, composition)

  1. goods, commodities, products

DescendantsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1205, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36678
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1667, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3627, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8CA8

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (32)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/huɑH/ /xuɑH/ /xuɑH/ /huɑH/ /hwaH/ /xuɑH/ /xuɑH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5325 1 /*hŋʷaːls/

DefinitionsEdit

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JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(hwa) (hangeul , revised hwa, McCune-Reischauer hwa, Yale hwa)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hóa, hoá)

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