Last modified on 21 January 2015, at 17:59

國家

ChineseEdit

nation(al)
country
family
home
trad. (國家)
simp. (国家)

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (國家, reconstructed)
Character (國), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 德
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 古或切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kwək̚/ /kwək̚/ /kuək̚/ /kʷək̚/ /kwək̚/ /kuək̚/ /kuək̚/
Character (家), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 麻
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 古牙切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɣa/ /ka/ /ka/ /kɯa/ /kaɨ/ /ka/ /ka/
Old Chinese pronunciation (國家, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
guó ‹ kwok › /*[C.q]ʷˤək/ state (n.)
jiā ‹  › /*kˤra/ household

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5547 0 /*kʷɯːɡ/
5919 0 /*kraː/

NounEdit

國家

  1. nation, (nation-)state, country

AdjectiveEdit

國家

  1. national, country, (nation-)state

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (國家):


JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
こく > こっ
Hyōgaiji

Grade: 2
on'yomi

NounEdit

國家 (kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji 国家, hiragana こっか, romaji kokka)

  1. nation

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this word

NounEdit

國家 (gukga) (hangeul 국가)

  1. Hanja form? of 국가, “nation, country, state, polity”.

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this word

NounEdit

國家

  1. Hán tự form of quốc gia, "nation, state"