See also: and
U+9DAF, 鶯
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9DAF

[U+9DAE]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9DB0]

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
(extended)
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 196, +10, 21 strokes, cangjie input 火火月竹火 (FFBHF), four-corner 99327, composition𤇾)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1496, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 47169
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2025, character 31
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4653, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+9DAF

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
alternative forms

Glyph originEdit

PronunciationEdit


Note: The zero initial /∅-/ is commonly pronounced with a ng-initial /ŋ-/ in some varieties of Cantonese, including Hong Kong Cantonese.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /iŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /iŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /iŋ²¹/
Jinan /iŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /iŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /iŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /iŋ²¹/
Xining /iə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /iŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ĩn³¹/
Ürümqi /iŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /in⁵⁵/
Chengdu /in⁵⁵/
Guiyang /in⁵⁵/
Kunming /ĩ⁴⁴/
Nanjing /in³¹/
Hefei /in²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /iəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /iŋ¹³/
Hohhot /ĩŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /iŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /in⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ʔin³³/
Wenzhou /j̠aŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /iʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /iɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /in³³/
Xiangtan /in³³/
Gan Nanchang /in⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /in⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /in²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /ɐŋ⁵⁵/
Nanning /jeŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /ɐŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /iŋ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ɛiŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /aiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /eŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /eŋ²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (34)
Final () (117)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔˠɛŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔᵚæŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɐŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔəɨjŋ/
Li
Rong
/ʔɛŋ/
Wang
Li
/æŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔæŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ēng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15354
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qreːŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. oriole

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
うぐいす
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

⟨uɡupi1 su⟩/uɡupisu//uɡufisu//uɡuwisu//uɡuisu/

From Old Japanese. Compound of うぐい (ugui, onomatopoeia, imitative of the bird's call) +‎ (su, bird, ancient suffix appearing in certain bird names, possibly cognate with Korean (sae, bird)).[1] Compare the (su) in (karasu), 杜鵑 (hototogisu), モズ (mozu).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(うぐいす) (uguisu (historical kana うぐひす)

  1. Japanese bush warbler (Horornis diphone); Japanese nightingale
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 5, poem 837)[4], text here
      波流能努尓(はるののに)奈久夜(なくや)汙隅比須(うぐひす)奈都気牟得(なつけむと)和何弊能曽能尓(わがへのそのに)汙米何波奈佐久(うめがはなさく) (さん)()()(しの)大道(おほみち) [Man'yōgana]
      (はる)()()くや(うぐひす)なつけむと()()(その)(うめ)(はな)()く (さん)()()(しの)大道(おほみち) [Modern spelling]
      haru no no ni naku ya uguisu natsukemu to waga e no sono ni ume ga hana-saku
      The warbler singing in the unplowed springtime fields―that it be content to live close at hand the plum blooms in my arbor now. (Master of Computation Shiki[sic] no Ōmichi)[5]
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 20, poem 4495)[6], text here
      (うち)奈婢久(なびく)波流等毛之流久(はるともしるく)宇具比須(うぐひす)()宇恵木之樹間乎(うゑきのこまを)奈枳和多良奈牟(なきわたらなむ) [Man'yōgana]
      うち(なび)(はる)ともしるく(うぐひす)(うゑ)()木間(こま)()(わた)らなむ [Modern spelling]
      uchinabiku haru to mo shiruku uguisu wa ueki no koma o naki watarunan
      To know clearly that spring has come (minding of tender young herbs), that nightingale between the planted trees, let him come and sing repeatedly![7]
    • 905, Kokin Wakashū (book 1, poem 14)[8]
      うぐひす(たに)よりいづる(こゑ)なくははるくることを(たれ)かしらまし
      uguisu no tani yori izuru koe naku wa haru kuru koto o tare ka shiramashi
      Without the voice of the warbler that comes out of the valley, how would we know the arrival of spring?[9]
  2. short for 鶯色 (uguisu iro): an olive-green color, as the rear of a bush warbler
  3. short for 鶯声 (uguisu-goe): a description for a woman's beautiful voice
  4. a metal skewer used in 香道 (kōdō) to fasten a paper wrapper
  5. a bamboo skewer used in binding an obi or similar

Usage notesEdit

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts, as ウグイス.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

IdiomsEdit

See alsoEdit

Proper nounEdit

(うぐいす) (Uguisu (historical kana うぐひす)

  1. a surname

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  4. ^ Satake, Akihiro; Hideo Yamada; Rikio Kudō; Masao Ōtani; Yoshiyuki Yamazaki (c. 759) Shin Nihon Koten Bungaku Taikei 1: Man’yōshū 1 (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, published 1999, →ISBN.
  5. ^ Edwin A. Cranston (1998) The Gem-Glistening Cup, illustrated edition, Stanford University Press, →ISBN, page 546
  6. ^ Satake, Akihiro; Hideo Yamada; Rikio Kudō; Masao Ōtani; Yoshiyuki Yamazaki (c. 759) Shin Nihon Koten Bungaku Taikei 4: Man’yōshū 4 (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, published 2003, →ISBN.
  7. ^ Jan Lodewijk Pierson, Jr. (1963) The Manyôśû Translated and Annotated, Book XX, Leiden: Brill Archive (E.J. Brill), page 202
  8. ^ Kojima, Noriyuki; Arai Eizō (1989) Shin Nihon Koten Bungaku Taikei 5: Kokin Wakashū (in Japanese), Iwanami Shoten, →ISBN
  9. ^ Haruo Shirane (2013) Japan and the Culture of the Four Seasons: Nature, Literature, and the Arts, illustrated, reprint edition, Columbia University Press, →ISBN, page 34

Further readingEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 꾀꼬리 (kkoekkori aeng))

  1. Chinese oriole
  2. bush warbler

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: oanh, anh

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.