Translingual edit

Symbol edit

au

  1. IAU recommended unit symbol for astronomical unit

Usage notes edit

IAU bodies, such as the Minor Planet Center, themselves frequently use AU instead of "au"

Synonyms edit

  • ua (BIPM recommendation for the unit symbol of astronomical unit)
  • (Unicode glyph for astronomical unit)

English edit

Noun edit

au (uncountable)

  1. Abbreviation of atomic unit.
  2. Abbreviation of arbitrary unit.
  3. Abbreviation of astronomical unit.
  4. Abbreviation of Absorbance Units.

Anagrams edit

Alemannic German edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Old High German ouh, from Proto-Germanic *auk. Cognate with German auch, Dutch ook, English eke, Swedish och.

Pronunciation edit

Adverb edit

au

  1. also, too

Aragonese edit

Etymology edit

From Latin avis, avem.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

au f (plural aus)

  1. bird

References edit

  • ave”, in Aragonario, diccionario castellano–aragonés (in Spanish)

Arin edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Yeniseian *aw.

Pronoun edit

au

  1. you (singular)

Big Nambas edit

Interjection edit

au

  1. yes
    Au, ip'as!.
    Yes, alright!.

References edit

Catalan edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Inherited from Latin au (oh! ow! oh dear! goodness gracious!).

Interjection edit

au

  1. now (as an incitement to action or to a decision)

Etymology 2 edit

Inherited from Latin avis, avem, from Proto-Italic *awis (bird), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂éwis (bird).

Noun edit

au f (plural aus)

  1. bird
    Synonym: ocell
Related terms edit

Further reading edit

Cia-Cia edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Celebic *asu, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *asu, from Proto-Austronesian *(w)asu.

Noun edit

au (Hangul spelling 아우)

  1. dog (animal)

Cimbrian edit

Etymology edit

The sense “north” may be reinforced by or a semantic loan from Venetian: vago su a Trénto (I go north to Trento, literally I go up to Trento). This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Adverb edit

au (Sette Comuni)

  1. up, upwards
    au un abeup and down
    Au in de pèrghe machelts khalt
    Up in the mountains it is cold.
  2. north, up north
    Ich ghéa au kan Triin.
    I'm going up north to Trento.

Antonyms edit

Derived terms edit

References edit

  • “au” in Martalar, Umberto Martello; Bellotto, Alfonso (1974) Dizionario della lingua Cimbra dei Sette Communi vicentini, 1st edition, Roana, Italy: Instituto di Cultura Cimbra A. Dal Pozzo

Czech edit

Interjection edit

au

  1. ouch
    Synonym: auvajs

Dutch edit

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ɑu̯/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: au
  • Rhymes: -ɑu̯

Interjection edit

au

  1. ouch!
    Au, ja dat doet pijn!Ouch, yeah that hurts!

Descendants edit

  • Negerhollands: au, o
  • Petjo: aoew

Esperanto edit

Conjunction edit

au

  1. H-system spelling of

Estonian edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Finnic *auvo, itself possibly from Proto-Germanic *auja-, compare Old Norse ey (luck, heavenly aid) and Gothic 𐌰𐍅𐌹- (awi-) in 𐌰𐍅𐌹𐌻𐌹𐌿𐌸 (awiliuþ). Cognate to Finnish auvo and Livonian o’v. Possibly related to the verb avama.

Noun edit

au (genitive au, partitive au)

  1. honour/honor, respect

Declension edit

Declension of au (ÕS type 26/koi, no gradation)
singular plural
nominative au aud
accusative nom.
gen. au
genitive aude
partitive au ausid
illative ausse audesse
inessive aus audes
elative aust audest
allative aule audele
adessive aul audel
ablative ault audelt
translative auks audeks
terminative auni audeni
essive auna audena
abessive auta audeta
comitative auga audega

Derived terms edit

Compounds edit

Fijian edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Central-Pacific *au, from Proto-Oceanic *(i-)au, from Proto-Austronesian *(i-)aku.

Pronoun edit

au

  1. I (personal pronoun)
  2. me (direct object of a verb)
  3. me (object of a preposition)
  4. me (indirect object of a verb)
  5. my (belonging to me)

See also edit

Finnish edit

Etymology edit

Natural.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɑu̯/, [ˈɑ̝u̯]
  • Rhymes: -ɑu
  • Syllabification(key): au

Interjection edit

au

  1. ow, ouch

Synonyms edit

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

French edit

Pronunciation edit

Contraction edit

au (used with a singular masculine noun)

  1. Contraction of à le (to the, for the, at the).
    Il étudie la musique au conservatoire.
    He studies music at the conservatory.

See also edit

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Galo edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Tani *fu.

Noun edit

au

  1. grease, fat, oil

Hawaiian edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Polynesian *au, from Proto-Oceanic *(i-)au, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *(i-)aku, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *(i-)aku, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *(i-)aku, from Proto-Austronesian *(i-)aku.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈau̯/, [ˈɐw], [ˈɔw] (rapid speech)

Pronoun edit

au

  1. I (personal pronoun)
Usage notes edit
  • Unlike other personal pronouns, au has a separate object form aʻu.
Synonyms edit
See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Proto-Polynesian *qau, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *qaʀus.

Noun edit

au

  1. era, period of time
  2. current (water)
  3. movement

Verb edit

au

  1. (intransitive) to flow
  2. (intransitive) to move

References edit

  • Pukui, Mary Kawena; Elbert (1986), “au”, in Hawaiian Dictionary, Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press

Hiri Motu edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *kahiw, from Proto-Austronesian *kaSiw.

Noun edit

au

  1. tree

Iban edit

Interjection edit

au

  1. yes

Icelandic edit

Pronunciation edit

Interjection edit

au

  1. An exclamation of awe and surprise; wow.

Synonyms edit

Japanese edit

Romanization edit

au

  1. Rōmaji transcription of あう

Kedang edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *asu, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *asu, from Proto-Austronesian *(w)asu.

Noun edit

au

  1. dog (animal)

Kott edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Yeniseian *aw.

Pronoun edit

au

  1. you (singular)

References edit

Latin edit

Pronunciation edit

Interjection edit

au

  1. Alternative form of hau (expressing pain or grief; oh! ah!)

References edit

  • au”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • au”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • au in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette

Makasar edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *qabu, from Proto-Austronesian *qabu.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

au (Lontara spelling ᨕᨕᨘ)

  1. ash

Maori edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Polynesian *au, from Proto-Oceanic *(i-)au, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *(i-)aku, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *(i-)aku, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *(i-)aku, from Proto-Austronesian *(i-)aku.

Alternative forms edit

Pronoun edit

au

  1. I (personal pronoun)
  2. me (direct object of a verb)
  3. me (object of a preposition)
  4. me (indirect object of a verb)
See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Proto-Polynesian *qau, from Proto-Oceanic *qaʀus, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *qaʀus (current, flow).

Noun edit

au

  1. current (water)
    Synonyms: kato, āwai, ia
  2. whirlpool; rapid
    Synonym: ripo
  3. wake (of a canoe, etc.)
  4. sea; ocean
    Synonyms: tai, moana

Etymology 3 edit

From Proto-Polynesian *qahu, from Proto-Oceanic *qasu (gall; gall bladder).

Noun edit

au

  1. gall; gall bladder
    Synonym: kouawai

Etymology 4 edit

From Proto-Polynesian *qahu, from Proto-Oceanic *qasu, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *qasu (smoke; fume; steam).

Noun edit

au

  1. smoke
    Synonyms: auahi, paoa
  2. cloud
    Synonyms: ao, kapua
  3. mist; fog
    Synonyms: haumaringi, kohu

Etymology 5 edit

From Proto-Polynesian *(q)au (howl, bark).

Verb edit

au

  1. to howl, bark (of a dog)

References edit

  • au” in John C. Moorfield, Te Aka: Maori-English, English-Maori Dictionary and Index, 3rd edition, Longman/Pearson Education New Zealand, 2011, →ISBN.

Middle English edit

Noun edit

au

  1. Alternative form of awe

Min Nan edit

For pronunciation and definitions of au – see (“to soak for a prolonged period of time; to suppress one's feelings for a long time; etc.”).
(This term is the pe̍h-ōe-jī form of ).
For pronunciation and definitions of au – see (“cup”).
(This term is the pe̍h-ōe-jī form of ).

Miskito edit

Particle edit

au

  1. yes

Antonyms edit

Mokilese edit

Noun edit

au

  1. mouth

Possessive forms edit

Niuean edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Polynesian *au, from Proto-Oceanic *(i-)au, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *(i-)aku, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *(i-)aku, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *(i-)aku, from Proto-Austronesian *(i-)aku.

Pronoun edit

au

  1. I (personal pronoun)
  2. me (direct object of a verb)
  3. me (object of a preposition)
  4. me (indirect object of a verb)
  5. my (belonging to me)

See also edit

Norwegian Bokmål edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Norse auk.

Adverb edit

au

  1. also, too (used mostly in dialects)
Synonyms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Interjection edit

au!

  1. ouch!

References edit

  • “nb” in The Bokmål Dictionary / The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Norse auk.

Adverb edit

au

  1. also, too
Synonyms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Interjection edit

au!

  1. ouch!

Etymology 3 edit

Verb edit

au

  1. imperative of aua

References edit

Old French edit

Alternative forms edit

Contraction edit

au

  1. Contraction of a le (to the).

Old Irish edit

Noun edit

au

  1. Alternative spelling of áu (ear)

Mutation edit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
au unchanged n-au
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Polish edit

Etymology edit

Onomatopoeic.

Pronunciation edit

Interjection edit

au

  1. ouch (expression of one's own physical pain)
    Synonyms: aua, auć

Further reading edit

  • au in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • au in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese edit

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

  • Rhymes: -aw
  • Hyphenation: au

Interjection edit

au

  1. ouch (expression of minor physical pain)

See also edit

Rapa Nui edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈa.u/
  • Hyphenation: a‧u

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Polynesian *au. Cognates include Hawaiian au and Maori au.

Pronoun edit

au

  1. I, me
    • 1995, Rapanui: A descriptive grammar[3], page 153:
      Ko tikea 'a e au te moai nui nui ...
      I have seen a big statue.
      Note: This source does not show non-ambiguous glottal stops.

See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Proto-Polynesian *qau (current, flow).

Noun edit

au

  1. current
    He haro te vaka i te au.
    The boat is towed off course in the current.

References edit

  • “au”, in Diccionario etimológico Rapanui-Español, Valparaíso: Comisión para la Estructuración de la Lengua Rapanui, 2000, →ISBN
  • Veronica Du Feu (1996) Rapanui (Descriptive Grammars), Routledge, →ISBN, page 140
  • Paulus Kieviet (2017) A grammar of Rapa Nui[4], Berlin: Language Science Press, →ISBN, page 140

Romanian edit

Alternative forms edit

  • old orthography

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Probably from a Vulgar Latin *habunt,[1] as a conjugated form of Latin habeō.

Verb edit

au

  1. third-person plural present indicative of avea
    (they) have

Verb edit

au

  1. (ele/ei) au (modal auxiliary, third-person plural form of avea, used with past participles to form perfect compus tenses)
    (they) have (+ past participle)
Related terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Latin aut.

Conjunction edit

au

  1. (rare, regional, archaic) or
    • 1883, Luceafărul, Mihai Eminescu, 149-152:
      Dar cum ai vrea să mă cobor?
      Au nu-nțelegi tu oare,
      Cum că eu sunt nemuritor,
      Și tu ești muritoare?
      But how would I descend to thee?
      Or don't you understand,
      That I am immortal
      And thou a mortal art?
Synonyms edit

Adverb edit

au

  1. (interrogative, rhetorical) well?, (now) really?
Synonyms edit

References edit

Swahili edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Arabicأَو(ʔaw).

Pronunciation edit

Conjunction edit

au

  1. or

Synonyms edit

Tahitian edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Polynesian *au, from Proto-Oceanic *(i-)au, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *(i-)aku, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *(i-)aku, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *(i-)aku, from Proto-Austronesian *(i-)aku.

Pronoun edit

au

  1. I (personal pronoun)
  2. me (direct object of a verb)
  3. me (object of a preposition)
  4. me (indirect object of a verb)
  5. my (belonging to me)

See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

Verb edit

au

  1. to sew

Tày edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Tai *ʔawᴬ (to take). Cognate with Northern Thai ᩐᩣ, Lao ເອົາ (ʼao), ᦀᧁ (˙ʼaw), Tai Dam ꪹꪮꪱ, Shan ဢဝ် (ʼǎo), Ahom 𑜒𑜧 (ʼaw) or 𑜒𑜧𑜈𑜫 (ʼaww) or 𑜒𑜨𑜧 (ʼow), Zhuang aeu, Thai เอา (ao).

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

au ()

  1. to take; to seize; to receive
    au chènto seize money
    𦙦俙麻排對倍
    Au săm hây mà pài đuổi vậu
    I give out all of my feelings to them.
  2. to marry
    au cănto marry each other
    𠬠丿[⿰弄下]道呂
    Một phít lồng đạo lả au phua
    In an instant, (she) came down to the mortal world to get married.

Derived terms edit

References edit

  • Hoàng Văn Ma; Lục Văn Pảo; Hoàng Chí (2006) Từ điển Tày-Nùng-Việt [Tay-Nung-Vietnamese dictionary] (in Vietnamese), Hanoi: Nhà xuất bản Từ điển Bách khoa Hà Nội
  • Lương Bèn (2011) Từ điển Tày-Việt [Tay-Vietnamese dictionary]‎[5][6] (in Vietnamese), Thái Nguyên: Nhà Xuất bản Đại học Thái Nguyên
  • Lục Văn Pảo; Hoàng Tuấn Nam (2003), Hoàng Triều Ân, editor, Từ điển chữ Nôm Tày [A Dictionary of (chữ) Nôm Tày]‎[7] (in Vietnamese), Hanoi: Nhà xuất bản Khoa học Xã hội

Ternate edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-North Halmahera *aun (blood).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

au

  1. blood

References edit

  • Rika Hayami-Allen (2001) A descriptive study of the language of Ternate, the northern Moluccas, Indonesia, University of Pittsburgh

Tetum edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *qauʀ, compare Indonesian aur.

Noun edit

au

  1. bamboo

Tidore edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-North Halmahera *aun (blood).

Noun edit

au

  1. blood

Tokelauan edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈa.u]
  • Hyphenation: a‧u

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Polynesian *au. Cognates include Hawaiian au and Samoan a'u.

Pronoun edit

au

  1. I, me
See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Proto-Polynesian *-u. Cognates include Hawaiian āu and Samoan āu.

Determiner edit

au

  1. (alienable) thy, your
See also edit

Etymology 3 edit

From Proto-Polynesian *aqu. Cognates include Tongan aʻu and Samoan au.

Verb edit

au

  1. (intransitive, + ki) to reach
  2. (stative) to be matured at birth

Etymology 4 edit

From Proto-Polynesian *qau. Cognats include Hawaiian au and Maori au.

Noun edit

au

  1. current, flow (of water)

Etymology 5 edit

From Proto-Polynesian *qahu. Cognates include Hawaiian au and Samoan au.

Noun edit

au

  1. gall, bile
  2. gall bladder

Etymology 6 edit

From Proto-Polynesian *hau. Cognates include Maori au and Samoan au.

Noun edit

au

  1. needle for thatching
  2. comb of needles for tattooing

References edit

  • R. Simona, editor (1986) Tokelau Dictionary[8], Auckland: Office of Tokelau Affairs, page 3

Tongan edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Polynesian *au, from Proto-Oceanic *(i-)au, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *(i-)aku, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *(i-)aku, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *(i-)aku, from Proto-Austronesian *(i-)aku.

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

au

  1. I (personal pronoun)
  2. me (direct object of a verb)
  3. me (object of a preposition)
  4. me (indirect object of a verb)
  5. my (belonging to me)

Tuvaluan edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Polynesian *au, from Proto-Oceanic *(i-)au, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *(i-)aku, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *(i-)aku, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *(i-)aku, from Proto-Austronesian *(i-)aku.

Pronoun edit

au

  1. I (personal pronoun)
  2. me (direct object of a verb)
  3. me (object of a preposition)
  4. me (indirect object of a verb)
  5. my (belonging to me)

See also edit

Vietnamese edit

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

au

  1. bright and cheerful

Further reading edit

West Makian edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

au

  1. (transitive) to climb, ascend
    taau to puI climb the mountain
  2. (intransitive, of the moon) to rise

Conjugation edit

Conjugation of au (action verb)
singular plural
inclusive exclusive
1st person taau maau aau
2nd person naau faau
3rd person inanimate iau daau
animate
imperative naau, au faau, au

References edit

  • Clemens Voorhoeve (1982) The Makian languages and their neighbours[9], Pacific linguistics (as aw)
  • James Collins (1982) Further Notes Towards a West Makian Vocabulary[10], Pacific linguistics

Western Apache edit

Particle edit

au

  1. yes