U+C911, 중
HANGUL SYLLABLE JUNG
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[U+C910]
Hangul Syllables
[U+C912]




죠 ←→ 줘

KoreanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Sino-Korean word from (centre; middle), from the Middle Korean reading 듀ᇰ (Yale: tywùng).

PronunciationEdit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?jung
Revised Romanization (translit.)?jung
McCune–Reischauer?chung
Yale Romanization?cwung

NounEdit

(jung) (hanja )

  1. average; intermediate (grade or class)
    Coordinate terms: 상(上) (sang, top), 하(下) (ha, last; lowest)
    Hypernym: 등급(等級) (deunggeup)
  2. medium; middle
    Coordinate terms: 대(大) (dae, large), 소(小) (so, small)
  3. the second volume of a three-volume set

Dependent nounEdit

(jung) (hanja )

  1. in the course of; during
    식사 siksa junggone to lunch
    공사 gongsa jungunder construction
    회의 hoe-ui jungin a meeting
  2. amongst (often in the form 에서 (jung-eseo, from amongst))

Proper nounEdit

(Jung) (hanja )

  1. Short for 중국(中國) (Jungguk, China).

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

First attested in the Seokbo sangjeol (釋譜詳節 / 석보상절), 1447, as Middle Korean 쥬ᇰ〯 (Yale: cywǔng). Probably a divergent borrowing from some Chinese term.

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [t͡ɕu(ː)ŋ]
  • Phonetic hangeul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?jung
Revised Romanization (translit.)?jung
McCune–Reischauer?chung
Yale Romanization?cwūng

NounEdit

(jung)

  1. (somewhat derogatory) a Buddhist monk
Usage notesEdit

(jung) is somewhat derogatory. 승려(僧侶) (seungnyeo) or 스님 (seunim) is to be preferred in almost all contexts.

Etymology 3Edit

Sino-Korean word from .

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [t͡ɕu(ː)ŋ]
  • Phonetic hangeul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?jung
Revised Romanization (translit.)?jung
McCune–Reischauer?chung
Yale Romanization?cwūng

PrefixEdit

중— (jung-) (hanja )

  1. heavy
    공업 (工業)junggong-eopheavy industry
  2. severe
    환자 (患者)junghwanjacritical patient
AntonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

Korean reading of various Chinese characters.

SyllableEdit

(jung)

Extended content
  1. : center
    (eumhun reading: 가운데 (gaunde jung))
    (MC reading: (MC ʈɨuŋ, ʈɨuŋH))
  2. : heaviness
    (eumhun reading: 무거울 (mugeoul jung))
    (MC reading: (MC ɖɨoŋ, ɖɨoŋX, ɖɨoŋH))
  3. : group
    (eumhun reading: 무리 (muri jung))
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕɨuŋ, t͡ɕɨuŋH))
  4. : second
    (eumhun reading: 버금 (beogeum jung))
    (MC reading: (MC ɖɨuŋH))
  5. : group
    (eumhun reading: 무리 (muri jung))
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕɨuŋ, t͡ɕɨuŋH))