U+C0B4, 살
HANGUL SYLLABLE SAL
Composition: + +

[U+C0B3]
Hangul Syllables
[U+C0B5]




삐 ←→ 새

Korean

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Etymology 1

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First attested in the Seokbo sangjeol (釋譜詳節 / 석보상절), 1447, as Middle Korean ᄉᆞᆶ〮 (Yale: sólh).

Pronunciation

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  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [sʰa̠ɭ]
    • Audio:(file)
  • Phonetic hangul: []
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?sal
Revised Romanization (translit.)?sal
McCune–Reischauer?sal
Yale Romanization?sal

Noun

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(sal)

  1. flesh; skin
  2. meat / flesh (of fruits, animals, etc.)
Derived terms
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See also
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Etymology 2

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First attested in the Yongbi eocheon'ga (龍飛御天歌 / 용비어천가), 1447, as Middle Korean 살〮 (Yale: sál).

Possibly related to Japanese (satsu, hunting, for hunting, related to ideas of arrows).

Pronunciation

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Romanizations
Revised Romanization?sal
Revised Romanization (translit.)?sal
McCune–Reischauer?sal
Yale Romanization?sal

Noun

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(sal)

  1. arrow
    Synonym: (more common) 화살 (hwasal)
  2. frame; support:
    1. spoke (on a wheel)
    2. lattice / latticework or bars (on a door or window)
    3. rib / frame (of a fan, kite, umbrella, etc.)
  3. teeth (of a comb)
    Synonym: 빗살 (bitsal)
  4. fishing weir
    Synonym: 어살 (eosal)
  5. sting (of bees, etc.)
  6. (chiefly in compounds)
    1. beam; flow, current
      haetsal
    2. crease; wrinkle
      nunsal
  7. pressed patterns (on rice cake)
    박다/찍다sar-eul bakda/jjikdato press patterns on rice cake
Derived terms
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Etymology 3

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First attested in the Worin seokbo (月印釋譜 / 월인석보), 1459, as Middle Korean 설〯 (Yale: sěl).

The word (seol, Lunar New Year) originally meant both "New Year" and "year of age". The two terms are connected; in Korea, one gains a new year of age at every New Year (so that all people born in the same year have the same age). In the eighteenth century, speakers created the new term (sal, year of age) as a yang-vowel alternation of (seol), and the original term came to mean only the New Year. (seol) and (sal) are one of a number of Korean noun pairs with yin-yang vowel alternation which were originally the same word.

Pronunciation

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Romanizations
Revised Romanization?sal
Revised Romanization (translit.)?sal
McCune–Reischauer?sal
Yale Romanization?sal

Counter

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(sal)

  1. years of age (of a person) (takes native numerals)
    Synonym: 세(歲) (se)
    입니까?
    Myeot sar-imnikka?
    How old are [you]?
    (literally, “How many years of age are [you]?”)
    Audio (South Korea):(file)
Usage notes
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  • In traditional East Asian age reckoning, a baby is one year old at birth and turns two years old on New Year's Day. Thus everyone born in the same year is the same age: the current year subtracted by the year of birth, plus one.
See also
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Etymology 4

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Sino-Korean word from (malignant deity).

Pronunciation

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Romanizations
Revised Romanization?sal
Revised Romanization (translit.)?sal
McCune–Reischauer?sal
Yale Romanization?sal

Noun

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(sal) (hanja )

  1. evil influence; damnation
Derived terms
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See also
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Etymology 5

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See the main entry.

Pronunciation

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  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [sʰa̠(ː)ɭ]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescribed in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?sal
Revised Romanization (translit.)?sal
McCune–Reischauer?sal
Yale Romanization?sāl

Verb

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(sal)

  1. irrealis adnominal form of 살다 (salda, to live)

Middle Korean

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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살〮 (sál) (locative 사〮래〮 (sál-áy))

  1. arrow
    • 1459, 月印釋譜 / 월인석보 [Worin seokbo], page 10:26b:
      (ᅌᅩᆼ〯)(ᄇᆡᆨ〮) ()(쯕〮)이〮 ᄒᆞᆫ 사〮래〮 다〯 디니〮 []
      NGWǑ.PÓYK KKWÙN.CCÚK-í hòn sál-áy tǎ tìní []
      as the group of five hundred bandits falls to a single arrow []
  2. spoke (on a wheel)
    • 1459, 月印釋譜 / 월인석보 [Worin seokbo], page 2:38a:
      (복〮)은〮 술윗〮 사〮리오〮 ()은〮 바회〮라〮
      PWÓK-ún swùlGwúy-s sál-ìGwó LYWÙN-ún pàhwóy-lá
      [The Chinese word] means, "spokes on a cart[wheel]," and [the Chinese word] means, "wheel."

Descendants

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  • Korean: (sal)