See also: -마

(see above for the verbal suffix)

See also:
U+B9C8, 마
HANGUL SYLLABLE MA
Composition: +

[U+B9C7]
Hangul Syllables
[U+B9C9]
U+3212, ㈒
PARENTHESIZED HANGUL MIEUM A

[U+3211]
Enclosed CJK Letters and Months
[U+3213]
U+3272, ㉲
CIRCLED HANGUL MIEUM A

[U+3271]
Enclosed CJK Letters and Months
[U+3273]




리 ←→ 매

Jeju

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Pronunciation

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Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ma
Revised Romanization (translit.)?ma
Yale Romanization?ma

Etymology 1

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Noun

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(ma)

  1. Alternative form of 장마 (jangma)

Etymology 2

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(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun

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(ma)

  1. fog
    Synonyms: 안개 (an'gae), 으남 (eunam)

Etymology 3

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From Middle Korean 맣〮 (máh). Cognate to Korean (ma).

Noun

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(ma)

  1. yam

Etymology 4

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(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun

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(ma)

  1. a sound made while giving something to a person under one's hand.

References

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  • ” in Jeju's culture and language, Digital museum.
  • 제주 문화 예술 재단 [jeju munhwa yesul jaedan] (2009) “”, in 개정 증보 제주어 사전 [gaejeong jeungbo jejueo sajeon]‎[1], 제주 특별 자치도 [jeju teukbyeol jachido], →ISBN, page 337

Korean

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Etymology 1

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Sino-Korean word from .

Pronunciation

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Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ma
Revised Romanization (translit.)?ma
McCune–Reischauer?ma
Yale Romanization?ma

Noun

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(ma) (hanja )

  1. (usually attributive with (-ui, genitive marker)) jinx; devil, demon; evil spirit / influence
    끼다/들다ma-ga kkida/deuldato be possessed/bedeviled
Derived terms
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Etymology 2

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First attested in the Hunminjeong'eum haerye (訓民正音解例 / 훈민정음해례), 1446, as Middle Korean 맣〮 (Yale: máh).

Pronunciation

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  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ma̠(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescribed in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ma
Revised Romanization (translit.)?ma
McCune–Reischauer?ma
Yale Romanization?

Noun

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(ma)

  1. General term for yam and plants from the family Dioscoreaceae
Derived terms
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  • 참마 (chamma, “Japanese mountain yam”)

Etymology 3

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Sino-Korean word from .

Pronunciation

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Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ma
Revised Romanization (translit.)?ma
McCune–Reischauer?ma
Yale Romanization?ma

Noun

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(ma) (hanja )

  1. hemp (Cannabis sativa)
    Synonym: (sam)
Derived terms
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Etymology 4

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Possibly from Middle Korean 맣〮 (máh). See 마파람 (maparam, southern wind).

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

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Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ma
Revised Romanization (translit.)?ma
McCune–Reischauer?ma
Yale Romanization?ma

Noun

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(ma)

  1. (obsolete or sailors' jargon) south
Derived terms
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Etymology 5

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(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

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Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ma
Revised Romanization (translit.)?ma
McCune–Reischauer?ma
Yale Romanization?ma

Noun

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(ma)

  1. mi (musical note)

Etymology 6

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Korean reading of various Chinese characters.

Syllable

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(ma)

Extended content
  1. : hemp; sesame
    (eumhun reading: (sam ma))
    (MC reading: (MC mae))
  2. : grind; millstone
    (eumhun reading: (gal ma))
    (MC reading: (MC ma|maH))
  3. :
    (MC reading: (MC maeX))
  4. : rub; chafe
    (eumhun reading: (gal ma))
    (MC reading: (MC ma|maH))
  5. :
    (MC reading: (MC mae))
  6. :
    (MC reading: (MC maeX))
  7. : demon
    (eumhun reading: 마귀 (magwi ma))
    (MC reading: (MC ma))
  8. :
    (MC reading: (MC muX))
  9. :
    (MC reading: (MC ma))
  10. :
    (MC reading: )
  11. :
    (MC reading: )
  12. :
    (MC reading: )
  13. : hammer
    (eumhun reading: 망치 (mangchi ma))
    (MC reading: )
  14. :
    (MC reading: (MC trjuH|trhjowk))
  15. :
    (MC reading: (MC maeH))
  16. :
    (MC reading: )
  17. :
    (MC reading: )
  18. :
    (MC reading: )
  19. :
    (MC reading: (MC maX))
  20. 麿:
    (MC reading: 麿)