Macedonian edit

Pronunciation edit

Suffix edit

-то (-to)

  1. the definite article "the" in its unspecified singular form, neuter gender.
    Месото е вкусноMesoto e vkusnoThe meat is tasty
    Грдото пајчеGrdoto pajčeThe Ugly Duckling

Related terms edit

See also edit

Russian edit

Etymology edit

From the pronoun тот (tot), та (ta), то (to). Akin to the Macedonian definite article -от (-ot), -та (-ta), -то (-to), and Bulgarian definite article -ят (-jat), -та (-ta), -то (-to).

Pronunciation edit

  • (unstressed) IPA(key): [tə]
  • (pretonic) IPA(key): [tɐ]
  • (file)

Particle edit

-то (-to)

  1. (colloquial) particle used to give intonational emphasis to a part of speech
    Ну я-то не ста́ну туда́ ходи́ть.Nu ja-to ne stánu tudá xodítʹ.Well, there's no chance I'm going there, anyway.
    Я и зна́ть-то его́ не хочу́.Ja i znátʹ-to jevó ne xočú.I don’t even want to know him!
    Об э́том-то я и хоте́л с ва́ми поговори́ть.Ob étom-to ja i xotél s vámi pogovorítʹ.That is precisely what I wanted to talk to you about.
    А я-то ду́мал...A ja-to dúmal...And here I was, thinking / And there was me, thinking... / Just when I thought...

Usage notes edit

  • Similarly to a definite article, the particle -то (-to) is used generally for ideas that are assumed to already be understood by both parties in a conversation. However it may be appended not only to nouns, but additionally to verbs, adjectives and adverbs.
  • For emphasis, frequently used in conjunction with the particles и (i) and ну (nu).
  • Excessive usage of -то (-to) is often associated with rural vernacular or childlike language.

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Particle edit

-то (-to)

  1. some-: an indefinite particle used in the various compound pronouns and adverbs

Usage notes edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

See also edit