Bulgarian

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Etymology

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From the pronoun Bulgarian то (to, it) (cognate with English that), possibly from its abl. sg. form *tōd. Applied in a similar logic as English so that.

Conjunction

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та (ta)

  1. so, thus (for introducing a clause)
    Synonyms: па (pa), то (to), така (taka)
    Пил студена вода, та се простудил.
    Pil studena voda, ta se prostudil.
    [He] drank cold water and thus [he] caught a cold.
  2. that, then (for emphasizing a premise)
    Synonyms: па (pa), че (če), и (i)
    Та се почна.
    Ta se počna.
    And so it has begun.
  3. and, but (for connecting clauses)
    Synonym: и (i)
    Той бе тънък та висок.
    Toj be tǎnǎk ta visok.
    He was thin but tall.

Derived terms

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References

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  • та”, in Речник на българския език [Dictionary of the Bulgarian Language] (in Bulgarian), Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 2014
  • Todorov, T. A., Racheva, M., editors (2010), “та”, in Български етимологичен речник [Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary] (in Bulgarian), volume 7 (слòво – теря̀свам), Sofia: Prof. Marin Drinov Pubg. House, →ISBN, page 731

Anagrams

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Buryat

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Pronoun

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та (ta)

  1. you (subject pronoun: the person being addressed) (formal and plural)

See also

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Dungan

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Etymology

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Cognate to Mandarin Chinese ().

Pronunciation

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Pronoun

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та (ta) (II)

  1. he, she, it

Kalmyk

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Pronoun

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та (ta)

  1. you (subject pronoun: the person being addressed) (plural)

See also

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Komi-Permyak

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Etymology

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From Proto-Uralic *tä.

Pronoun

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та (ta)

  1. this

Komi-Zyrian

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Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈtɑ/
  • Hyphenation: та

Pronoun

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та (ta)

  1. short form of тайӧ (tajö)

Usage notes

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  • Used when preceding a postposition.

Declension

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Declension of та
singular plural
long nominative тайӧ (tajö) тайӧяс (tajöas)
short nominative та (ta)
accusative тайӧс (tajös) тайӧясӧс (tajöasös)
instrumental таӧн (taön) тайӧясӧн (tajöasön)
comitative такӧд (taköd) тайӧяскӧд (tajöasköd)
consecutive тала (tala) тайӧясла (tajöasla)
caritive татӧг (tatög) тайӧястӧг (tajöastög)
genitive талӧн (talön) тайӧяслӧн (tajöaslön)
ablative талысь (talyś) тайӧяслысь (tajöaslyś)
dative талы (taly) тайӧяслы (tajöasly)
dative талысь (talyś) тайӧяслысь (tajöaslyś)
inessive таын (tayn) тайӧясын (tajöasyn)
elative таысь (tayś) тайӧясысь (tajöasyś)
illative таӧ (taö) тайӧясӧ (tajöasö)
egressive тасянь (taśań) тайӧяссянь (tajöasśań)
approximative талань (talań) тайӧяслань (tajöaslań)
terminative таӧдз (taödź) тайӧясӧдз (tajöasödź)
prolative таӧд (taöd) тайӧясӧд (tajöasöd)
таті (tati) тайӧясті (tajöasti)

See also

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Komi-Zyrian demonstratives
proximal distal
long short long short
nominative
(who?)
тайӧ (tajö) та (ta) сійӧ (sijö) сы (sy)
similative
(what kind of?)
татшӧм (tačöm) сэтшӧм (sečöm)
lative
(whither?)
татчӧ (tatćö) сэтчӧ (setćö)
locative
(where?)
тані (tani) тан (tan) сэні (seni) сэн (sen)
ablative
(whence?)
тотысь (totyś) тось (toś) сэтысь (setyś) сэсь (seś)
temporal
(when?)
ӧні (öni) сэки (seki) сэк (sek)
instructive
(how?)
тадзи (tadźi) тадз (tadź) сідзи (sidźi) сідз (sidź)
partitive
(how many?)
тамында (tamynda) тамда (tamda) сымында (symynda) сымда (symda)

Interjection

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та (ta)

  1. here! look!

References

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  • A. I. Podorova, editor (1948), Коми-русский словарь [Komi-Russian dictionary], Syktyvkar: Коми Государственное Издательство, page 188
  • Bubrikh, Dmitry V. (1949) Грамматика литературного коми языка [Grammar of the literary Komi language] (in Russian), Leningrad: Zhdanov Leningrad State University, page 109
  • L. M. Beznosikova, E. A. Ajbabina, R. I. Kosnyreva (2000) Коми-русский словарь [Komi-Russian dictionary], →ISBN, page 629

Macedonian

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Etymology

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Inherited from Proto-Slavic *ta.

Pronunciation

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Conjunction

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та (ta)

  1. (regional) and, so

Mongolian

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Etymology

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From Classical Mongolian ᠲᠠ (ta), from Middle Mongol ᠲᠠ (ta), from Proto-Mongolic *ta.

Pronunciation

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Pronoun

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та (ta) (Mongolian spelling ᠲᠠ (ta))

  1. (formal) you

Declension

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See also

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Northern Mansi

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Etymology

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(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

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  This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Pronoun

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та (ta)

  1. that

Declension

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Inflection of та (ta)
singular dual plural
nominative та (ta) таг (tag) тат (tat)
dative тан (tan) тагын (tagyn) татын (tatyn)
ablative таныл (tanyl) тагныл (tagnyl) татныл (tatnyl)
instrumental тал (tal) тагтыл (tagtyl) татыл (tatyl)
translative таг (tag) ―― ――


References

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  • A.N.Balandin, M.P. Vahrusheva (1958) Мансийско-русский словарь с лексическими параллелями из южно-мансийского (кондинского) диалекта [Mansi-Russian dictionary with lexical parallels from Southern Mansi (Kondin) dialect]‎[1], Leningrad: Государственное учебно-педагогическое издательство министерства просвещения РСФСР, ленинградское отделение, page 113
  • Mansi Dictionary of Munkácsi and Kálmán[2]

Old East Slavic

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Pronunciation

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  • (ca. 9th CE) IPA(key): /ˈtɑ/
  • (ca. 11th CE) IPA(key): /ˈta/
  • (ca. 13th CE) IPA(key): /ˈta/
  • Hyphenation: та

Etymology 1

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From Proto-Slavic *ta. Cognates include Old Church Slavonic та (ta).

Adverb

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та (ta)

  1. too, as well
    • 1076, Sviatoslav's izbornik[3], page 2:
      нъ пораꙁоумѣи чьто гл҃ють книгꙑ и словеса та·
      nŭ porazuměi čĭto gl:jutĭ knigy i slovesa ta·
      but understand what the books say and the words, too

Conjunction

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та (ta)

  1. and
Synonyms
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Descendants
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  • Old Ruthenian: та (ta)
    • Belarusian: та (ta)
    • Carpathian Rusyn: та (ta)
    • Ukrainian: та (ta)
      • Polish: ta (dialectal)
      • Slovak: ta (dialectal)
  • Russian: та (ta) (dialectal)

Etymology 2

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See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronoun

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та (ta)

  1. inflection of тъ ():
    1. nominative singular feminine
    2. nominative/accusative dual masculine
    3. nominative/accusative plural neuter

Determiner

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та (ta)

  1. inflection of тъ ():
    1. nominative singular feminine
    2. nominative/accusative dual masculine
    3. nominative/accusative plural neuter

References

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  • Sreznevsky, Izmail I. (1912) “та”, in Матеріалы для Словаря древне-русскаго языка по письменнымъ памятникамъ [Materials for the Dictionary of the Old East Slavic Language Based on Written Monuments]‎[4] (in Russian), volumes 3 (Р – Ꙗ и дополненія), Saint Petersburg: Department of Russian Language and Literature of the Imperial Academy of Sciences, column 909

Russian

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Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [ta]
  • Audio:(file)

Etymology 1

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Determiner

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та (taf sg (demonstrative)

  1. feminine nominative singular of тот (tot)

Pronoun

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та (taf sg (demonstrative)

  1. feminine nominative singular of тот (tot)

Etymology 2

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Particle

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та (ta)

  1. (Internet slang, often associated with Ukrainians) Alternative form of да (da)

Udmurt

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Etymology

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From Proto-Permic *ta, from Proto-Uralic *tä. Cognates include Finnish tämä and Northern Sami dát.

Permic cognates include Komi-Zyrian та (ta).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [ˈtä]
  • Hyphenation: та

Pronoun

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та (ta)

  1. this
  2. it, he, they

References

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  • L. E. Kirillova, L. L. Karpova, editors (2008), “та”, in Удмурт-ӟуч кыллюкам [Udmurt-Russian dictionary], Izhevsk: Удмуртский институт истории, языка и литературы УрО РАН, →ISBN, page 631
  • Yrjö Wichmann, Toivo Emil Uotila (1987) Mikko Korhonen, editor, Wotjakischer Wortschatz [Votyak Vocabulary] (Lexica Societatis Fenno-Ugricae; Volume 21) (overall work in German), Helsinki: Suomalais-ugrilainen Seura, →ISBN, →ISSN, page 254

Ukrainian

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Etymology

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Inherited from Proto-Slavic *ta.[1] May be related with Serbo-Croatian te.

Pronunciation

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Conjunction

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та (ta)

  1. and, also, even
    Synonyms: і (i), й (j)
  2. but
    Synonym: але (ale)
    Пий, та не напива́йся.Pyj, ta ne napyvájsja.Drink, but don't overdrink.

Descendants

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  • Polish: ta

Interjection

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та (ta)

  1. (colloquial) yes

References

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  1. ^ Melnychuk, O. S., editor (1982–2012), “та”, in Етимологічний словник української мови [Etymological Dictionary of the Ukrainian Language] (in Ukrainian), Kyiv: Naukova Dumka

Further reading

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