Alternative formsEdit


-hna is the Gheg variant of the Tosk (and Standard Albanian) personal suffix -hem (I, me). Compound of mediopassive marker h + -na (I, me) personal suffix. Indicating 1st person singular (indicative, present) (same as Tosk -hem). See Gheg -na for more.




  1. suffix used for 1st person singular (mediopassive voice) - indicative, present form. Not used for verbs ending with h- (such as shpreh, eh, etc.; in this case suffix -na is used)
  2. Forms verbs in mediopassive voice from active voice
    active bâj (I do, make, appear) + -hnamediopassive bôhna (I become, turn into) or bôna (I become, turn into) (with long ô)
  3. Forms mediopassive verbs from adjectives
    adjective shkurt (short) + o-stem + -hnamediopassive verb shkurtohna (I become short(er)) or shkurtona (I become short(er)) (with long o)

Related termsEdit