- (abbreviation): Du.
From Middle English Duch (“German, Low German, Dutch”), from Middle Low German dütsch, düdesch (“German, Low German, Dutch”) and Middle Dutch dūtsch, duutsc (“German, Low German, Dutch”), from Proto-Germanic *þiudiskaz (“of one’s people”), derived from *þeudō (“people”), from Proto-Indo-European *tewtéh₂.
Compare Old English þēodisc (“of one’s people”), Old Saxon thiudisk (German Low German düütsch (“German”)), Old High German diutisc (modern German deutsch (“German”)), modern Dutch Duits (“German”) alongside elevated Diets (“Dutch”) (a secondary dinstinction, fully accepted only in the 19th century). See also Derrick, Teuton, Teutonic.
Dutch (not comparable)
- Of or pertaining to the Netherlands, the Dutch people or the Dutch language.
- (archaic or regional) Pertaining to Germanic-speaking peoples on the European continent, chiefly the Dutch, the Germans, and the Goths; Teutonic; Germanic.
- (archaic, except in set terms) German.
- (dated, obsolete outside certain fixed expressions, now offensive, pejorative) Substitute, inferior, ersatz (as seen in expressions such as Dutch courage, Dutch treat, Dutch oven, and Dutch comfort).
- In a shared manner; of a shared expense. (See Dutch treat; compare go Dutch.)
- The main language of the Netherlands and Flanders (i.e., the northern half of Belgium).
- (archaic) German; the main language of the Holy Roman Empire (Germany, Austria, Alsace, Luxembourg).
- (collective) The people of the Netherlands.
- the Dutch will vote on the matter next month
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
- Wiktionary's coverage of Dutch terms
- Appendix:Dutch Swadesh list for a Swadesh list of basic vocabulary words in Dutch