See also: Nánjīng


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The Yangtze River Bridge in Nanjing (2011)

Alternative formsEdit


The atonal Hanyu Pinyin romanization of the Mandarin pronunciation of Chinese 南京 (Nánjīng), composed of (south, southern) and (capital), distinguishing it from Beijing to the north, and first applied informally during the reign of the Yongle Emperor of the Ming Dynasty, who preferred to rule from Beijing but was obliged to treat Nanjing as a secondary capital by the dynastic injunctions of his father the Hongwu Emperor. The name continued a practice of several preceding dynasties—especially those of nomadic conquerers from the north such as the Jin and Liao—of maintaining a number of separate capitals designated by their cardinal directions.


  • IPA(key): /nænˈdʒɪŋ/, /nɑnˈdʒɪŋ/

Proper nounEdit


  1. A major city, the provincial capital of Jiangsu, China, on the lower Yangtze; a former capital of China.

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Further readingEdit