U+4EAC, 京
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4EAC

[U+4EAB]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4EAD]
See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 8 +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 卜口火 (YRF), four-corner 00906, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 88, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 299
  • Dae Jaweon: page 187, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 284, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+4EAC

See alsoEdit

  • Chinese Numeral
    • Last:
    • Next: Larger numeral exists but not used anymore. ()

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
       





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡ·raŋ, *ɡ·raŋs, *ɡ·raŋs
*ɡ·raŋ
*ɡ·raŋ
*ɡ·raŋ
*ɡ·raŋ
*ɡ·raŋs
*ɡ·raŋs, *ɡ·raɡ
*ɡaŋs
*kraŋ
*kraŋ
*kraŋ
*kraŋʔ
*ɡraŋ
*ɡraŋ
*ɡraŋ
*ɡraŋ
*ɡraŋs
*qraŋʔ
*qraŋʔ, *kʷraŋʔ
*kʷraŋʔ
*kʷraŋʔ
*ɡʷraːŋʔ

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • kiaⁿ - vernacular;
  • keng - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕiŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕiŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕiŋ²¹/
Jinan /t͡ɕiŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡ɕiŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕiŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕiŋ²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕiə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕiŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕĩn³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕiŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡ɕin⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕin⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡ɕin⁵⁵/
Kunming /t͡ɕĩ/
Nanjing /t͡ɕin³¹/
Hefei /t͡ɕin²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕiəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡ɕiŋ¹³/
/t͡ɕi¹³/ ~陵城
Hohhot /t͡ɕĩŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕiŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡ɕin⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕin³³/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕaŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕiʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕiɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕin³³/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕin³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕin⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /kin⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /kin²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /keŋ⁵³/
Nanning /keŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /kiŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kiŋ⁵⁵/
/kiã⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kiŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /keiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kiã³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /keŋ²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (111)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠiæŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚiaŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiaŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kiajŋ/
Li
Rong
/kiɐŋ/
Wang
Li
/kĭɐŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯ɐŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jīng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jīng
Middle
Chinese
‹ kjæng ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]raŋ/
English hill; capital city

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6828
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kraŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. artificial mound
  2. capital (city)
  3. Short for 北京 (Běijīng, “Beijing”).
  4. (obsolete) ten million, 107
  5. (obsolete) ten quadrillion, 1016
  6. (obsolete) septillion, 1024
  7. (obsolete) A hundred nonillion, 1032

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. capital city
  2. ten quadrillion

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

/kyau/ > /kyoː/.

NounEdit

‎(hiragana きょう, romaji kyō, historical hiragana きやう)

  1. capital (city)
  2. (abbreviation) Tokyo (東京, Tōkyō)
  3. (abbreviation) Kyoto (京都, Kyōto)

Etymology 2Edit

(miya, imperial palace) +‎ (ko, place).

NounEdit

‎(hiragana みやこ, romaji miyako)

  1. the place where the emperor resides
  2. a city that acts as an economic and political center; capital
  3. metropolis

Etymology 3Edit

NumberEdit

(けい, kei)

  1. 10,000,000,000,000,000, 1016, (US) ten quadrillion, (UK) ten thousand billion

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gyeong) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer kyŏng, Yale kyeng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit

See alsoEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(kinh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.