See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Han characterEdit

(radical 8 +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 卜口火 (YRF), four-corner 00906, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 88, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 299
  • Dae Jaweon: page 187, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 284, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+4EAC

See alsoEdit

  • Chinese Numeral
    • Last:
    • Next: Larger numeral exists but not used anymore. ()

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕiŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕiŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕiŋ²¹/
Jinan /t͡ɕiŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡ɕiŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕiŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕiŋ²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕiə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕiŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕĩn³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕiŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡ɕin⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕin⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡ɕin⁵⁵/
Kunming /t͡ɕĩ/
Nanjing /t͡ɕin³¹/
Hefei /t͡ɕin²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕiəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡ɕiŋ¹³/
/t͡ɕi¹³/ ~陵城
Hohhot /t͡ɕĩŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕiŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡ɕin⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕin³³/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕaŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕiʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕiɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕin³³/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕin³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕin⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /kin⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /kin²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /keŋ⁵³/
Nanning /keŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /kiŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kiŋ⁵⁵/
/kiã⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kiŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /keiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kiã³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /keŋ²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (111)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠiæŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚiaŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiaŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kiajŋ/
Li
Rong
/kiɐŋ/
Wang
Li
/kĭɐŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯ɐŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jīng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jīng
Middle
Chinese
‹ kjæng ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]raŋ/
English hill; capital city

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6828
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kraŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. artificial mound
  2. capital (city)
  3. Short for 北京 (Běijīng, “Beijing”).
  4. (obsolete) ten million, 107
  5. (obsolete) ten quadrillion, 1016
  6. (obsolete) septillion, 1024
  7. (obsolete) A hundred nonillion, 1032

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. capital city
  2. ten quadrillion

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

/kyau/ > /kyoː/.

NounEdit

‎(hiragana きょう, romaji kyō, historical hiragana きやう)

  1. capital (city)
  2. (abbreviation) Tokyo (東京, Tōkyō)
  3. (abbreviation) Kyoto (京都, Kyōto)

Etymology 2Edit

‎(miya, imperial palace) +‎ ‎(ko, place).

NounEdit

‎(hiragana みやこ, romaji miyako)

  1. the place where the emperor resides
  2. a city that acts as an economic and political center; capital
  3. metropolis

Etymology 3Edit

NumberEdit

(けい, kei)

  1. 10,000,000,000,000,000, 1016, (US) ten quadrillion, (UK) ten thousand billion

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gyeong) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer kyŏng, Yale kyeng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

CompoundsEdit

See alsoEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(kinh)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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