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LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From ab- (from, away) +‎ (go).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

abeō (present infinitive abīre, perfect active abiī or abīvī, supine abitum); irregular conjugation, irregular, impersonal in the passive

  1. I depart, go away, go off.
  2. I am transformed, metamorphosed.
  3. I retire from office.
  4. I pass from owner to owner.
  5. (astronomy) I set.

ConjugationEdit

Irregular conjugation, but similar to fourth conjugation. The third principal part is most often contracted to abiī, but occasionally appears as abīvī.

   Conjugation of abeō (irregular, impersonal in passive)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present abeō abīs abit abīmus abītis abeunt
imperfect abībam abībās abībat abībāmus abībātis abībant
future abībō abībis abībit abībimus abībitis abībunt
perfect abiī, abīvī abīstī, abīvistī abiit, abīvit abiimus abīstis abiērunt, abiēre
pluperfect abieram abierās abierat abierāmus abierātis abierant
future perfect abierō abieris abierit abierimus abieritis abierint
passive present abītur
imperfect abībātur
future abībitur
perfect abitum est
pluperfect abitum erat
future perfect abitum erit
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present abeam abeās abeat abeāmus abeātis abeant
imperfect abīrem abīrēs abīret abīrēmus abīrētis abīrent
perfect abierim abierīs abierit abierīmus abierītis abierint
pluperfect abīssem abīssēs abīsset abīssēmus abīssētis abīssent
passive present abeātur
imperfect abīrētur
perfect abitum sit
pluperfect abitum esset, abitum foret
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present abī abīte
future abītō abītō abītōte abeuntō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives abīre abīsse abitūrum esse abīrī abitum esse
participles abiēns abitūrus abitum abeundum
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
abeundī abeundō abeundum abeundō abitum abitū

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • abeo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • abeo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • abeo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • they disperse in different directions: in diversas partes or simply diversi abeunt, discedunt
    • to fly aloft; to be carried into the sky: sublimem or sublime (not in sublime or sublimiter) ferri, abire
    • to go out of sight, disappear: abire ex oculis, e conspectu alicuius
    • to depart this life: (ex) vita excedere, ex vita abire
    • to be a subject for gossip: in ora vulgi abire
    • the recollection of a thing has been entirely lost: memoria alicuius rei excidit, abiit, abolevit
    • to go into exile: exsulatum ire or abire
    • to give up, lay down office (usually at the end of one's term of office): abire magistratu