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From ab- (from, away) +‎ (go).



abeō (present infinitive abīre, perfect active abiī, supine abitum); irregular conjugation

  1. I depart, go away, go off.
  2. I am transformed, metamorphosed.
  3. I retire from office.
  4. I pass from owner to owner.
  5. (astronomy) I set.


Irregular conjugation, but similar to fourth conjugation. The third principal part is most often contracted to abiī, but occasionally appears as abīvī.

   Conjugation of abeo (irregular)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present abeō abīs abit abīmus abītis abeunt
imperfect abībam abībās abībat abībāmus abībātis abībant
future abībō abībis abībit abībimus abībitis abībunt
perfect abiī, abīvī abīstī, abīvistī abiit, abīvit abiimus abīstis abiērunt, abiēre
pluperfect abieram abierās abierat abierāmus abierātis abierant
future perfect abierō abieris abierit abierimus abieritis abierint
passive present abeor abīris, abīre abītur abīmur abīminī abeuntur
imperfect abībar abībāris, abībāre abībātur abībāmur abībāminī abībantur
future abībor abīberis, abībere abībitur abībimur abībiminī abībuntur
perfect abitus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect abitus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect abitus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present abeam abeās abeat abeāmus abeātis abeant
imperfect abīrem abīrēs abīret abīrēmus abīrētis abīrent
perfect abierim abierīs abierit abierimus abieritis abierint
pluperfect abīssem abīssēs abīsset abīssēmus abīssētis abīssent
passive present abear abeāris, abeāre abeātur abeāmur abeāminī abeantur
imperfect abīrer abīrēris, abīrēre abīrētur abīrēmur abīrēminī abīrentur
perfect abitus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect abitus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present abī abīte
future abītō abītō abītōte abeuntō
passive present abīre abīminī
future abītor abītor abeuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives abīre abīsse abitūrus esse abīrī abitus esse abitum īrī
participles abiēns abitūrus abitus abeundus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
abīre abeundī abeundō abeundum abitum abitū

Derived termsEdit


  • abeo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • abeo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • abeo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • they disperse in different directions: in diversas partes or simply diversi abeunt, discedunt
    • to fly aloft; to be carried into the sky: sublimem or sublime (not in sublime or sublimiter) ferri, abire
    • to go out of sight, disappear: abire ex oculis, e conspectu alicuius
    • to depart this life: (ex) vita excedere, ex vita abire
    • to be a subject for gossip: in ora vulgi abire
    • the recollection of a thing has been entirely lost: memoria alicuius rei excidit, abiit, abolevit
    • to go into exile: exsulatum ire or abire
    • to give up, lay down office (usually at the end of one's term of office): abire magistratu