U+4F4D, 位
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4F4D

[U+4F4C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4F4E]
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TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 9, +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 人卜廿 (OYT), four-corner 20218, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 98, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 503
  • Dae Jaweon: page 206, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 138, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4F4D

Further readingEdit


ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming) Libian (compiled in Qing)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts Clerical script
           





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Ideogrammic compound (會意) and phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɢʷrɯbs): semantic (man) + phonetic (OC *rɯb, stand). Often simply written as in idiomatic expressions such as 即位 (jíwèi) in Western Zhou inscriptions.

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *g-r(j)ap (to stand). Derived from (OC *rɯb). Mei (2012) lists it among the possible nasal-prefixed verb forms (Old Chinese *N-k- > Middle Chinese *ɦ-, possibly forming a stative). Suffixed with a nominalizing *-s, it takes the sense "the place/rank/status one holds".

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • uei5 - vernacular;
  • uei4 - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /uei⁵¹/
Harbin /uei⁵³/
Tianjin /vei⁵³/
Jinan /vei²¹/
Qingdao /ve⁴²/
Zhengzhou /uei³¹²/
Xi'an /uei⁴⁴/
Xining /uɨ²¹³/
Yinchuan /vei¹³/
Lanzhou /vei¹³/
Ürümqi /vei²¹³/
Wuhan /uei³⁵/
Chengdu /uei¹³/
Guiyang /uei²¹³/
Kunming /uei²¹²/
Nanjing /uəi⁴⁴/
Hefei /ue⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /vei⁴⁵/
Pingyao /uei³⁵/
Hohhot /vei⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /ɦue²³/
Suzhou /ɦue̞³¹/
Hangzhou /ɦui¹³/
Wenzhou /vu²²/
Hui Shexian /ue²²/
Tunxi /ue¹¹/
/y¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /uei⁵⁵/
/uei¹¹/
Xiangtan /uəi²¹/
Gan Nanchang /ui²¹/
Hakka Meixian /vi⁵³/
Taoyuan /vui⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /wɐi²²/
Nanning /wɐi²²/
Hong Kong /wɐi²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ui²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /uɔi²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /y⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ui³¹/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ui³³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (35)
Final () (18)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠiuɪH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷᵚiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣiuɪH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦjwiH/
Li
Rong
/ɣjuiH/
Wang
Li
/ɣwiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/wiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
wèi
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
wai6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
wèi
Middle
Chinese
‹ hwijH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷrəp-s/ (< *ɢʷəʔ-rəp-s ?)
English standing, position

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7865
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷrɯbs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. position; location
  2. title; official position
  3. seat; seating
  4. throne; royal seat
  5. rank; grade; status
  6. standard; rule
  7. (honorific) people
  8. (mathematics) digit; place
    /   ―  sān wèi shù  ―  three-digit number
    /   ―  jìnwèi  ―  to carry (by one or more places)
  9. (often polite) Classifier for persons.
    歌手 / 歌手  ―  zhè wèi gēshǒu  ―  this singer
    先生  ―  wèi xiānshēng  ―  that man
  10. to be situated at; to be located at
  11. to arrange; to set out
  12. (information theory) bit (the smallest unit of storage in a digital computer)
  13. A surname​.
SynonymsEdit
  • (location):
  • (title): (literary) 地步 (dìbù), 地位 (dìwèi)
  • (seat):
  • (throne):

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
on’yomi

Middle Chinese

PronunciationEdit

AffixEdit

() (i (wi)?

  1. rank, place
Derived termsEdit

CounterEdit

() (-i (wi)?

  1. rank, place
    (だい)(いち)()ある
    Dai-ichi-i de aru.
    To be ranked first.
    ()()なる
    Ni-i ni naru.
    To take second place.
    (じゅう)()()ちる
    Jū-i ni ochiru.
    To drop to tenth place.
  2. decimal place
  3. ghosts

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
くらい
Grade: 4
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
くらい
[adverb] about, approximately
[adverb] at least, if anything
[noun] grade, rank, standing
[noun] the throne, the crown
[noun] (mathematics) place, position
[noun] being at the point where ...
[suffix] seat, position, rank, grade
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (MC ɦˠiuɪH).

Historical Readings
Dongguk Jeongun Reading
Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 윙〮 (Yale: wúy)
Middle Korean
Text Eumhun
Gloss (hun) Reading
Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[2] 벼슬 (Yale: pyèsùl) (Yale: wùy)

PronunciationEdit

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 자리 (jari wi))

  1. Hanja form? of (status, position). [noun]
  2. Hanja form? of (rank, place). [counter]

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [3]

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: vị[1], [2]

  1. Hán tự form of vị (location; place).
  2. Hán tự form of vị (position; rank).
  3. (honorific, formal classifier) Hán tự form of vị (person; a/an (important person)).
  4. (archaic) Hán tự form of (throne, royal rule).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


ZhuangEdit

NounEdit

  1. Sawndip form of gyaeuj (head; headhair)