EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /klʌt͡ʃ/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ʌtʃ

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English clucchen, clicchen, cluchen, clechen, cleken, from Old English clyċċan (to clutch, clench), from Proto-Germanic *klukjaną, from Proto-Germanic *klu- (to ball up, conglomerate, amass), from Proto-Indo-European *glew- (to ball up; lump, mass). Cognate with Swedish klyka (clamp, fork, branch). The noun is from Middle English cleche, cloche, cloke ("claw, talon, hand"; compare Scots cleuk, cluke, cluik (claw, talon)), of uncertain origin, with the form probably assimilated to the verb.

Alternative etymology derives Old English clyċċan from Proto-Germanic *klēk- (claw, hand), from Proto-Indo-European *glēk-, *ǵlēḱ- (claw, hand; to clutch, snatch). If so, then cognate with Irish glac (hand).

Alternative formsEdit

VerbEdit

clutch (third-person singular simple present clutches, present participle clutching, simple past and past participle clutched)

  1. To seize, as though with claws. [from 14th c.]
    to clutch power
    • (Can we find and add a quotation of Collier to this entry?)
      A man may set the poles together in his head, and clutch the whole globe at one intellectual grasp.
    • c. 1606, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Macbeth”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act II, scene i], page 136, column 1:
      Is this a Dagger, which I ſee before me, [...] ? / Come, let me clutch thee: / I haue thee not, and yet I ſee thee ſtill.
  2. To grip or grasp tightly. [from 17th c.]
    She clutched her purse tightly and walked nervously into the building.
SynonymsEdit
TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

clutch (plural clutches)

 
A vintage clutch with a fold-over closure, made of red snakeskin.
  1. The claw of a predatory animal or bird. [from 13th c.]
  2. (by extension) A grip, especially one seen as rapacious or evil. [from 16th c.]
    • (Can we find and add a quotation of Cowper to this entry?)
      the clutch of poverty
    • (Can we find and add a quotation of Carlyle to this entry?)
      an expiring clutch at popularity
    • (Can we find and add a quotation of Bishop Stillingfleet to this entry?)
      I must have [] little care of myself, if I ever more come near the clutches of such a giant.
    • 1919, W. Somerset Maugham, The Moon and Sixpence, chapter 57
      You scold yourself; you know it is only your nerves—and yet, and yet... In a little while it is impossible to resist the terror that seizes you, and you are helpless in the clutch of an unseen horror.
  3. A device to interrupt power transmission, commonly used between engine and gearbox in a car. [from 19th c.]
  4. The pedal in a car that disengages power transmission.
  5. Any device for gripping an object, as at the end of a chain or tackle.
  6. A small handbag or purse with no straps or handle.
    • 1898, J. Meade Falkner, Moonfleet Chapter 4
      The clutch which I had made to save myself in falling had torn away this chin-band and let the lower jaw drop on the breast; but little else was disturbed, and there was Colonel John Mohune resting as he had been laid out a century ago.
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Variant form of cletch, from Middle English cleken (to hatch), perhaps from Old Norse klekja (to hatch).

NounEdit

clutch (plural clutches) (collective)

  1. A brood of chickens or a sitting of eggs. [from 18th c.]
    • 1976, Richard Dawkins, The Selfish Gene, Kindle edition, OUP Oxford, published 2016, page 82:
      For instance, baby chicks influence their mother’s behaviour by giving high piercing cheeps when they are lost or cold. This usually has the immediate effect of summoning the mother, who leads the chick back to the main clutch.
  2. A group or bunch (of people or things). [from 20th c.]
    • 2012, The Economist, 22nd Sep., Innovation in Government: Britain's Local Labs
      No longer would Britons routinely blame the national government when things went wrong. Instead they would demand action from a new clutch of elected mayors, police commissioners and the like.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

clutch (third-person singular simple present clutches, present participle clutching, simple past and past participle clutched)

  1. (transitive) To hatch.

Etymology 3Edit

Unknown; possibly analagous to clinch, pinch, which have similar senses.

NounEdit

clutch (plural clutches)

  1. (US) An important or critical situation.
    • 1951 October 8, LIFE, page 48:
      And when it came to the clutch, Johnny Mize, who was washed up five years ago, would crack out a pinch double, or Mickey Mantle, who is not yet ready for the big leagues, would slam out a home run.
    • 1985 June 1, Johannes Telesaar, “Camarillo Loses in the 4-A Final by a Foot at First”, in Los Angeles Times[1]:
      He is the player who has come through so often in the clutch during his days at Camarillo.
    • 2013 May 14, Comeback: The Fall & Rise of the American Automobile Industry[2], Simon and Schuster, →ISBN:
      Stempel came through in the clutch again. GM's across-the-board launch of the catalytic converter was a coup that left Ford and Chrysler gaspind in the dust.
    • 2016 May 1, Frank Bruni, “Jodie Foster Is Still Afraid of Failure”, in The New York Times[3]:
      But not just strong women: women who don’t turn to a man in the clutch; women whose strength is inseparable from the walls they’ve built around themselves.
TranslationsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

clutch (comparative more clutch, superlative most clutch)

  1. (US, Canada) Performing or tending to perform well in difficult, high-pressure situations.
    • 2006, Bryan Hogan, Three Days for Goodbye[books.google.com/books?isbn=0595380379], page 19:
      NC State made the most of their overtime possession scoring a touchdown on some very clutch plays.
    • 2009, Scott Trocchia, The 2006 Yankees: The Frustration of a Nation, A Fan's Perspective, page 21:
      I start with his most obvious characteristic: he was clutch. He is Mr. Clutch. In the last chapter I mentioned that Bernie Williams was clutch, which was a valid assessment, but nobody on the Yankees was as clutch as Jeter was.
    • 2009, Mark Stewart, Clutch Performers[books.google.com/books?isbn=0836891589], page 34:
      It doesn't get more clutch than that!

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • clutch at OneLook Dictionary Search
  • clutch in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911.

AnagramsEdit


Norwegian BokmålEdit

 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English clutch

NounEdit

clutch m (definite singular clutchen, indefinite plural clutcher, definite plural clutchene)

  1. a clutch (device between engine and gearbox)
  2. clutch pedal
    trå in clutchen - step on the clutch

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English clutch

NounEdit

clutch m (definite singular clutchen, indefinite plural clutchar, definite plural clutchane)

  1. a clutch (device between engine and gearbox)
  2. (short form of) clutch pedal (as in English)

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit


SpanishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

clutch m (plural clutches)

  1. Alternative form of cloche