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EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French coral (French corail), from Latin corallium, from Ancient Greek κοράλλιον (korállion, coral). Probably ultimately of Semitic origin,[1] compare Hebrew גּוֹרָל(goral, small pebble), Arabic جَرَل(ǧaral, small stone), originally referring to the red variety found in the Mediterranean. Since ancient times, a common folk etymology, accepted by some earlier scholars, connected the word instead to Ancient Greek κόρη (kórē) (referring to Medusa).[2][3][4] Beekes mentions both theories and considers the Semitic one convincing.[5]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

coral (countable and uncountable, plural corals)

  1. (uncountable) A hard substance made of the limestone skeletons of marine polyps.
  2. (countable) A colony of marine polyps.
  3. (countable) A somewhat yellowish pink colour, the colour of red coral.
    coral colour:  
  4. The ovaries of a cooked lobster; so called from their colour.
  5. (historical) A piece of coral, usually fitted with small bells and other appurtenances, used by children as a plaything.
    • 1859, Wilkie Collins, The Woman in White:
      On the very chair which I used to occupy when I was at work Marian was sitting now, with the child industriously sucking his coral upon her lap

TranslationsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

coral (not comparable)

  1. Made of coral.
  2. Having the yellowish pink colour of coral.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Lewy, Heinrich (1895) Die semitischen Fremdwörter im Griechischen (in German), Berlin: R. Gaertner’s Verlagsbuchhandlung, pages 18–19
  2. ^ See e.g. Lithica (one of the Orphic poems), 510-610, and Pliny the Elder, Natural History, book XXXII, line 11.
  3. ^ C. W. King, The Natural History of Gems or Decorative Stones, 1867, Bell & Daldy, London, pp. 100–101.
  4. ^ Liddell and Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, Harpers & Brothers, New York, 1846, p. 792.
  5. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN

AnagramsEdit


CatalanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

AdjectiveEdit

coral (masculine and feminine plural corals)

  1. strong, close (relationship)
  2. choral

Etymology 2Edit

cor +‎ -al.

NounEdit

coral m (plural corals)

  1. chorus music
  2. coral (organism)

GalicianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese coral, borrowed from Old French coral, from Latin corallium, from Ancient Greek κοράλλιον (korállion).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

coral m (plural corais)

  1. (zoology) coral
    • 1395, Antonio López Ferreiro (ed.), Galicia Histórica. Colección diplomática. Santiago: Tipografía Galaica, page 160:
      mando a miña Neta Tareija sanches todo o aliofar et coraes que eu ey et os esmaltes et o meu Reliquario esmaltado et a miña Cunca de plata dourada et as miñas doas de ouro
      I send to my granddaughter Tareixa Sanchez all of my pearls and corals, and the enamels, and my enamelled relicary and my gilded silver bowl and my beads of gold
  2. coral (color)
  3. roe (the eggs or ovaries of certain crustaceans)
    Synonym: míllaras
  4. sea fan (Eunicella verrucosa)

Etymology 2Edit

coro (choir) +‎ -al.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

coral m or f (plural corais)

  1. choral

NounEdit

coral f (plural corais)

  1. chorale

ReferencesEdit

  • coral” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • coral” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • coral” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • coral” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • coral” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Old SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Old French coral, from Old French corallium, from Ancient Greek κοράλλιον (korállion).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

coral m (plural corales)

  1. coral
    • c. 1250, Alfonso X, Lapidario, f. 14v.
      DEl dozeno grado del ſigno de tauro es la piedra aque dizen coral negro.
      Of the twelfth degree of the sign of Taurus is the stone they call black coral.

DescendantsEdit


PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

coro +‎ -al.

NounEdit

coral m (plural corais)

  1. choir (group of singer)

SpanishEdit

PronunciationEdit

 
Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Spanish coral, from Old French coral, from Latin corallium, from Ancient Greek κοράλλιον (korállion).

NounEdit

coral m (plural corales)

  1. (zoology) coral
  2. (botany) coral vine (Kennedia coccinea)

Etymology 2Edit

coro (choir) +‎ -al.

AdjectiveEdit

coral (plural corales)

  1. choral

NounEdit

coral m (plural corales)

  1. chorale

ReferencesEdit