Contents

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the same stem as dzīvs (q.v.), made into a regular second conjugation verb (ending -ot). It replaced an earlier dzīt (to live) (q.v.), of which it may have originally been the iterative form (in case it was not directly derived from dzīvs). Its original meaning, “to be alive, to exist,” was later extended to include also “to reside” (like English to live); cf. the derived term dzīvoklis (apartment, flat).[1]

PronunciationEdit

(file)

VerbEdit

dzīvot intr., 2nd conj., pres. dzīvoju, dzīvo, dzīvo, past dzīvoju

  1. (of living beings) to live, to be alive (to exist biologically)
    sēklaudži vispār dzīvo ilgāk nekā kultūršķirnesseedlings generally live longer than cultivars
    saknes nolauztajam kokam dzīvojathe roots of the felled tree (still) lived
    lai dzīvo!(long) live! (= hooray!)
    viņš zināja, ka pēdējais brīdis tuvojas, un viņam kļuva bezgala skumji; tikai dzīvot vēl, kaut stundu, kaut pāris acumirkļuhe knew that the last moment was coming, and he became infinitely sad; to still live, even if only one more hour, one more moment
  2. (of people) to live (to exist consciously)
    dzīvot godīgi, omulīgi, priecīgito live honestly, comfortably, happily
    dzīvot bezrūpīgito live without problems, carefree
    dzīvot plašito live well-off (lit. widely)
    dzīvot pāri (saviem) līdzekļiemto live beyond (one's) means
    no kā viņš dzīvo?from what does he live (= earn a living)?
    dzīvot bez darba, grūtos apstākļosto live without work, in difficult circumstances
    dzīvot, tas ir: strādāt, domāt, justto live, that is: to work, to think, to feel
  3. to live, to reside, to inhabit (a place)
    dzīvot Latvijā, Rīgāto live in Latvia, in Rīga
    dzīvot mazā dzīvoklī pilsētāto live in a small apartment in the city
    lāči dzīvo mežābears live in the forest
    Priedes Jānis dzīvoja turpat, otrajā stāvā, mazā bēniņu istabāPriedes Jānis lived right there, on the second floor, in a small attic room
  4. (figuratively) to live, to be frequently, for a long time (somewhere)
    stundām dzīvot pa āruto live (= always be) outside for hours
    pēcpusdienu, ja laiks labs, vecāmāte dzīvoja pa dārzuin the afternoon, if the weather was good, grandmother lived (= always was) in the garden
  5. (of ideas, social phenomena) to live, to continue to exist
    viņa vārds ilgi dzīvos tautas piemiņāhis name will live long in the people's memory
    un dzīvos, ziedēs un ar savām saknēm dziļi ieies dzīvē tikai tāda māksla, kas savu aicinājumu redz kalpošanā lielajai vēstures veidotājai: tautaionly that art which sees its calling in the service to the great shaper of history - the people - will live, flourish, and strike deep roots in life
  6. (of people) to have a certain relationship (with someone else); to reside together (with someone else)
    kaimiņi dzīvo saticīgineighbors live in piece
    dzīvot pie saimnieka par kalputo live with a farmer as (his) servant, hired worker
    tēvs dzīvo ar meitāmthe father lives with (his) daughters
    nevaru dzīvot ar dzērājuI can't live with a (heavy) drinker

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

prefixed verbs:
other derived terms:

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “dzīvs”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7