From Middle English stout, from Old French estout (“brave, fierce, proud”) (Modern French dialectal stout (“proud”)), earlier estolt (“strong”), from Proto-Germanic *stultaz (“proud, stately, stiff”), from Proto-Germanic *stil-, *stal-, *stul- (“to be solid, stationary, firm, stiff”), from Proto-Indo-European *stel- (“to put, stand”); cognate with Dutch stout (“stout, bold, rash”), Low German stolt (“stately, proud”), German stolz (“proud, haughty, arrogant, stately”), Old Norse stoltr (“proud”) (Danish stolt (“proud”), Icelandic stoltur (“proud”)). Meaning "strong in body, powerfully built" is attested from c.1386, but has been to a large extent displaced by the euphemistic meaning "thick-bodied, fat and large," which is first recorded 1804. Original sense preserved in stout-hearted (1552). The noun "strong, dark-brown beer" is first recorded 1677, from the adjective.
- large; bulky, thickset; corpulent, fat.
- (obsolete) bold, strong-minded; lusty; vigorous; robust; sinewy; muscular.
- a stouter champion never handled sword
- He lost the character of a bold, stout, magnanimous man.
- The lords all stand / To clear their cause, most resolutely stout.
- (obsolete) proud; haughty; arrogant; hard.
- Bible, Mal. iii. 13
- Your words have been stout against me.
- Commonly […] they that be rich are lofty and stout.
- Bible, Mal. iii. 13
- firm; resolute; dauntless.
- materially strong, enduring.
- Campers prefer stout vessels, sticks and cloth.
stout (plural stouts)
- A dark and strong malt brew made with toasted grain.
- Stout is darker, stronger and sweeter than porter beer.
- An obese person. (Can we add an example for this sense?)
- A large clothing size. (Can we add an example for this sense?)
- naughty, disobedient, mischievous
Sinterklaas geeft brave jongens lekkers, zijn Zwarte Piet stoute de roe.
- St. Nicholas gives good boys candy; his Black Peter gives naughty ones the rod.
- high (expectations)
- (archaic) bold, audacious
|Inflection of stout|
- stoutaard m, stouterd m, stouterik m
- stoutheid, stoutigheid
- verstouten (adjective)
- stoutachtig (adjective)
- stoutelijk (adjective)
- stoutaardig (adjective)
- stoutebil m
- stouthals m
- stouthart n
- stouthartig (adjective)
- stoutmoedig (adjective)
- stoutspreker m
stout m, n (uncountable)
- stout (brew)