See also: Stout

English

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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From Middle English stoute, from Old French estout (brave, fierce, proud) (Modern French dialectal stout (proud)), from earlier Old French estolt (strong), from Frankish *stolt, *stult (bold, proud), from Proto-Germanic *stultaz (bold, proud), from Proto-Indo-European *stel- (to put, stand).

Cognate with Dutch stout (stout, bold, naughty), Low German stolt (stately, proud), German stolz (proud, haughty, arrogant, stately), Old Norse stoltr (proud) (Danish stolt (proud), Icelandic stoltur (proud)).

Meaning "strong in body, powerfully built" is attested from First attested in c. 1386., but has been to a large extent displaced by the euphemistic meaning "thick-bodied, fat and large," which is first recorded 1804. Original sense preserved in stout-hearted (1552).

The noun "strong, dark-brown beer" is first recorded 1677, from the adjective.

Adjective

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stout (comparative stouter, superlative stoutest)

  1. Large; bulky.
    Synonyms: thickset, corpulent, fat
    • 1961 November 10, Joseph Heller, “The Eternal City”, in Catch-22 [], New York, N.Y.: Simon and Schuster, →OCLC, page 427:
      Yossarian walked out of the office and down the stairs into the dark, tomblike street, passing in the hall the stout woman with warts and two chins, who was already on her way back in.
  2. (obsolete) Bold, strong-minded.
    Synonyms: lusty, vigorous, robust, sinewy, muscular
  3. (obsolete) Proud; haughty.
    Synonyms: arrogant, hard, haughty
  4. Firm; resolute; dauntless.
    • 2020 September 5, David Hytner, “Raheem Sterling keeps his cool to see off Iceland amid blaze of late drama”, in The Guardian[1]:
      he had reason to be extremely grateful to Sterling, his Manchester City teammate, who won and converted the penalty that appeared to have broken Iceland’s stout resistance.
    • 2023 June 28, Stephen Roberts, “Bradshaw's Britain: Alton to Exeter”, in RAIL, number 986, page 58:
      So, Andover featured in the Glorious Revolution, which involved the deposition of Catholic fraterniser James II and his replacement by stout Protestants William and Mary.
  5. Materially strong, enduring.
    Campers prefer stout vessels, sticks and cloth.
    • 1751, [Tobias] Smollett, “He is Concerned in a Dangerous Adventure with a Certain Gardener; []”, in The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle [], volumes (please specify |volume=I to IV), London: Harrison and Co., [], →OCLC, page 49, column 1:
      [...] Pipes, who acted as the enemy's forlorn hope, advanced to the gate with great intrepidity, and clapping his foot to the door, which was none of the ſtouteſt, with the execution and diſpatch of a petard, ſplit it into a thouſand pieces.
    • 1913, Robert Barr, chapter 4, in Lord Stranleigh Abroad[2]:
      Nothing could be more business-like than the construction of the stout dams, and nothing more gently rural than the limpid lakes, with the grand old forest trees marshalled round their margins … .
  6. Obstinate.
Derived terms
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Translations
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Noun

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stout, the malt brew

stout (plural stouts)

  1. (beer) A dark and strong malt brew made with toasted grain.
    Coordinate term: porter
    Stout is darker, stronger and sweeter than porter beer.
  2. An obese person.
    • 1946, Printers' Ink:
      Incidentally the survey pointed up the sad plight of the stylish stouts, today's “forgotten men.” The clothing situation is getting so critical for them that they may have to choose between eating and dressing.
  3. A large clothing size.
    • 1918, Isidor Rosenfeld, The Practical Designer for Women's and Misses' Underwear - The Study of the Stout Form
      The all-around waist is increased or over-built, according to size, which makes this form a stout.
Derived terms
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Translations
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Etymology 2

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From Middle English stouten, from the adjective (see above).

Verb

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stout (third-person singular simple present stouts, present participle stouting, simple past and past participle stouted)

  1. (intransitive, archaic) To be bold or defiant.
  2. (transitive, dialectal) To persist, endure.
    Synonyms: brook, thole

Etymology 3

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From Middle English stout, from Old English stūt (gnat; midge).

Alternative forms

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Noun

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stout (plural stouts)

  1. Gnat.
    Synonym: midge
  2. Gadfly.
    Synonym: horsefly
  3. (dialectal) Firefly or miller (moth).
Derived terms
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Further reading

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Anagrams

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Dutch

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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From Middle Dutch stout, from Old Dutch *stolt, from Proto-Germanic *stultaz.

Adjective

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stout (comparative stouter, superlative stoutst)

  1. naughty, disobedient, mischievous
    Zijn hier nog stoute kindertjes?Are there any naughty children here?
  2. high (expectations)
  3. (archaic) bold, audacious
Inflection
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Declension of stout
uninflected stout
inflected stoute
comparative stouter
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial stout stouter het stoutst
het stoutste
indefinite m./f. sing. stoute stoutere stoutste
n. sing. stout stouter stoutste
plural stoute stoutere stoutste
definite stoute stoutere stoutste
partitive stouts stouters
Derived terms
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Descendants
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  • Afrikaans: stout
  • Negerhollands: stout

Etymology 2

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Borrowed from English stout.

Noun

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stout m or n (uncountable)

  1. stout (brew)
    Synonym: stoutbier

References

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  • stout” in Woordenlijst Nederlandse Taal – Officiële Spelling, Nederlandse Taalunie. [the official spelling word list for the Dutch language]

Finnish

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Etymology

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From English stout.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈstou̯t/, [ˈs̠to̞u̯t̪]
  • Rhymes: -out
  • Syllabification(key): stout

Noun

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stout

  1. stout (type of beer)

Declension

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Inflection of stout (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative stout stoutit
genitive stoutin stoutien
partitive stoutia stouteja
illative stoutiin stouteihin
singular plural
nominative stout stoutit
accusative nom. stout stoutit
gen. stoutin
genitive stoutin stoutien
partitive stoutia stouteja
inessive stoutissa stouteissa
elative stoutista stouteista
illative stoutiin stouteihin
adessive stoutilla stouteilla
ablative stoutilta stouteilta
allative stoutille stouteille
essive stoutina stouteina
translative stoutiksi stouteiksi
abessive stoutitta stouteitta
instructive stoutein
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of stout (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative stoutini stoutini
accusative nom. stoutini stoutini
gen. stoutini
genitive stoutini stoutieni
partitive stoutiani stoutejani
inessive stoutissani stouteissani
elative stoutistani stouteistani
illative stoutiini stouteihini
adessive stoutillani stouteillani
ablative stoutiltani stouteiltani
allative stoutilleni stouteilleni
essive stoutinani stouteinani
translative stoutikseni stouteikseni
abessive stoutittani stouteittani
instructive
comitative stouteineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative stoutisi stoutisi
accusative nom. stoutisi stoutisi
gen. stoutisi
genitive stoutisi stoutiesi
partitive stoutiasi stoutejasi
inessive stoutissasi stouteissasi
elative stoutistasi stouteistasi
illative stoutiisi stouteihisi
adessive stoutillasi stouteillasi
ablative stoutiltasi stouteiltasi
allative stoutillesi stouteillesi
essive stoutinasi stouteinasi
translative stoutiksesi stouteiksesi
abessive stoutittasi stouteittasi
instructive
comitative stouteinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative stoutimme stoutimme
accusative nom. stoutimme stoutimme
gen. stoutimme
genitive stoutimme stoutiemme
partitive stoutiamme stoutejamme
inessive stoutissamme stouteissamme
elative stoutistamme stouteistamme
illative stoutiimme stouteihimme
adessive stoutillamme stouteillamme
ablative stoutiltamme stouteiltamme
allative stoutillemme stouteillemme
essive stoutinamme stouteinamme
translative stoutiksemme stouteiksemme
abessive stoutittamme stouteittamme
instructive
comitative stouteinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative stoutinne stoutinne
accusative nom. stoutinne stoutinne
gen. stoutinne
genitive stoutinne stoutienne
partitive stoutianne stoutejanne
inessive stoutissanne stouteissanne
elative stoutistanne stouteistanne
illative stoutiinne stouteihinne
adessive stoutillanne stouteillanne
ablative stoutiltanne stouteiltanne
allative stoutillenne stouteillenne
essive stoutinanne stouteinanne
translative stoutiksenne stouteiksenne
abessive stoutittanne stouteittanne
instructive
comitative stouteinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative stoutinsa stoutinsa
accusative nom. stoutinsa stoutinsa
gen. stoutinsa
genitive stoutinsa stoutiensa
partitive stoutiaan
stoutiansa
stoutejaan
stoutejansa
inessive stoutissaan
stoutissansa
stouteissaan
stouteissansa
elative stoutistaan
stoutistansa
stouteistaan
stouteistansa
illative stoutiinsa stouteihinsa
adessive stoutillaan
stoutillansa
stouteillaan
stouteillansa
ablative stoutiltaan
stoutiltansa
stouteiltaan
stouteiltansa
allative stoutilleen
stoutillensa
stouteilleen
stouteillensa
essive stoutinaan
stoutinansa
stouteinaan
stouteinansa
translative stoutikseen
stoutiksensa
stouteikseen
stouteiksensa
abessive stoutittaan
stoutittansa
stouteittaan
stouteittansa
instructive
comitative stouteineen
stouteinensa

Further reading

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Anagrams

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French

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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stout m (plural stouts)

  1. stout (beer)

Further reading

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Spanish

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Noun

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stout f (plural stouts)

  1. stout (beer)