See also: Stout

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /staʊt/
  • (Canada) IPA(key): /stʌʊt/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aʊt

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English stout, from Old French estout (brave, fierce, proud) (Modern French dialectal stout (proud)), from earlier Old French estolt (strong), from Frankish *stolt, *stult (bold, proud), from Proto-Germanic *stultaz (bold, proud), from Proto-Indo-European *stel- (to put, stand).

Cognate with Dutch stout (stout, bold, rash), Low German stolt (stately, proud), German stolz (proud, haughty, arrogant, stately), Old Norse stoltr (proud) (Danish stolt (proud), Icelandic stoltur (proud)).

Meaning "strong in body, powerfully built" is attested from c.1386, but has been to a large extent displaced by the euphemistic meaning "thick-bodied, fat and large," which is first recorded 1804. Original sense preserved in stout-hearted (1552).

The noun "strong, dark-brown beer" is first recorded 1677, from the adjective.

AdjectiveEdit

stout (comparative stouter, superlative stoutest)

  1. Large; bulky.
    Synonyms: thickset, corpulent, fat
  2. (obsolete) Bold, strong-minded.
    Synonyms: lusty, vigorous, robust, sinewy, muscular
  3. (obsolete) Proud; haughty.
    Synonyms: arrogant, hard, haughty
  4. Firm; resolute; dauntless.
    • 2020 September 5, David Hytner, “Raheem Sterling keeps his cool to see off Iceland amid blaze of late drama”, in The Guardian[1]:
      he had reason to be extremely grateful to Sterling, his Manchester City teammate, who won and converted the penalty that appeared to have broken Iceland’s stout resistance.
  5. Materially strong, enduring.
    Campers prefer stout vessels, sticks and cloth.
    • 1913, Robert Barr, chapter 4, in Lord Stranleigh Abroad[2]:
      Nothing could be more business-like than the construction of the stout dams, and nothing more gently rural than the limpid lakes, with the grand old forest trees marshalled round their margins … .
  6. Obstinate.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

 
stout, the malt brew

stout (plural stouts)

  1. (beer) A dark and strong malt brew made with toasted grain.
    Coordinate term: porter
    Stout is darker, stronger and sweeter than porter beer.
  2. An obese person.
    • 1946, Printers' Ink
      Incidentally the survey pointed up the sad plight of the stylish stouts, today's “forgotten men.” The clothing situation is getting so critical for them that they may have to choose between eating and dressing.
  3. A large clothing size.
    • 1918, Isidor Rosenfeld, The Practical Designer for Women's and Misses' Underwear - The Study of the Stout Form
      The all-around waist is increased or over-built, according to size, which makes this form a stout.
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English stout, from Old English stūt (gnat; midge).

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

stout (plural stouts)

  1. Gnat.
    Synonym: midge
  2. Gadfly.
    Synonym: horsefly
Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Dutch stout, from Old Dutch *stolt, from Proto-Germanic *stultaz.

AdjectiveEdit

stout (comparative stouter, superlative stoutst)

  1. naughty, disobedient, mischievous
    Zijn hier nog stoute kindertjes?Are there any naughty children here?
  2. high (expectations)
  3. (archaic) bold, audacious
InflectionEdit
Inflection of stout
uninflected stout
inflected stoute
comparative stouter
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial stout stouter het stoutst
het stoutste
indefinite m./f. sing. stoute stoutere stoutste
n. sing. stout stouter stoutste
plural stoute stoutere stoutste
definite stoute stoutere stoutste
partitive stouts stouters
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Afrikaans: stout

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from English stout.

NounEdit

stout m or n (uncountable)

  1. stout (brew)
    Synonym: stoutbier

FinnishEdit

NounEdit

stout

  1. stout (type of beer)

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of stout (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative stout stoutit
genitive stoutin stoutien
partitive stoutia stouteja
illative stoutiin stouteihin
singular plural
nominative stout stoutit
accusative nom. stout stoutit
gen. stoutin
genitive stoutin stoutien
partitive stoutia stouteja
inessive stoutissa stouteissa
elative stoutista stouteista
illative stoutiin stouteihin
adessive stoutilla stouteilla
ablative stoutilta stouteilta
allative stoutille stouteille
essive stoutina stouteina
translative stoutiksi stouteiksi
instructive stoutein
abessive stoutitta stouteitta
comitative stouteineen
Possessive forms of stout (type risti)
possessor singular plural
1st person stoutini stoutimme
2nd person stoutisi stoutinne
3rd person stoutinsa

AnagramsEdit


SpanishEdit

NounEdit

stout f (plural stouts)

  1. stout (beer)