See also: Haste and hasté

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Blend of Middle English hasten (verb), (compare Dutch haasten, German hasten, Danish haste, Swedish hasta (to hasten, rush)) and Middle English hast (haste, noun), from Old French haste (whence French hâte),[1] from Old Frankish *hai(f)st (violence),[2] from Proto-Germanic *haifstiz (struggle, conflict), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱeyp- (to ridicule, mock, anger). Akin to Old Frisian hāst, hāste (haste), Old English hǣst (violence), Old English hǣste (violent, impetuous, vehement, adj), Old Norse heift/heipt (feud), Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐌹𐍆𐍃𐍄𐍃 (haifsts, rivalry). Cognate with German and Danish heftig (vehement). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /heɪst/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eɪst

NounEdit

haste (usually uncountable, plural hastes)

  1. Speed; swiftness; dispatch.
    We were running late so we finished our meal in haste.
  2. (obsolete) Urgency; sudden excitement of feeling or passion; precipitance; vehemence.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

haste (third-person singular simple present hastes, present participle hasting, simple past and past participle hasted)

  1. (transitive, archaic) To urge onward; to hasten.
  2. (intransitive, archaic) To move with haste.
    • 1594, “The Wounds of Civill War”, in A Select Collection of Old English Plays, Vol. VII (4th edition)[1]:
      The city is amaz'd, for Sylla hastes / To enter Rome with fury, sword and fire.
    • 1825, Samuel Johnson, The Works of Samuel Johnson in Nine Volumes[2]:
      He hastes away to another, whom his affairs have called to a distant place, and, having seen the empty house, goes away disgusted by a disappointment which could not be intended, because it could not be foreseen.
    • 1881, Thomas Carlyle, Past and Present[3]:
      Samson hastes not; but neither does he pause to rest.

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Etymology at merriam-webster.com
  2. ^ Le Robert pour tous, Dictionnaire de la langue française, Janvier 2004, p. 524

AnagramsEdit


BasqueEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): (Southern) /as̺te/, [as̺.t̪e̞]
  • IPA(key): (Northern) /has̺te/, [ɦas̺.t̪e̞]

NounEdit

haste inan

  1. Verbal noun of hasi.

DeclensionEdit

Declension of haste (inanimate, ending in vowel)
indefinite singular plural
absolutive haste hastea hasteak
ergative hastek hasteak hasteek
dative hasteri hasteari hasteei
genitive hasteren hastearen hasteen
comitative hasterekin hastearekin hasteekin
causative hasterengatik hastearengatik hasteengatik
benefactive hasterentzat hastearentzat hasteentzat
instrumental hastez hasteaz hasteez
inessive hastetan hastean hasteetan
locative hastetako hasteko hasteetako
allative hastetara hastera hasteetara
terminative hastetaraino hasteraino hasteetaraino
directive hastetarantz hasterantz hasteetarantz
destinative hastetarako hasterako hasteetarako
ablative hastetatik hastetik hasteetatik
partitive hasterik
prolative hastetzat

CzechEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

haste (imperative)

  1. second-person plural imperative of hasit

EsperantoEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

haste

  1. hastily

GermanEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

haste

  1. inflection of hasten:
    1. first-person singular present
    2. first/third-person singular subjunctive I
    3. singular imperative

ContractionEdit

haste

  1. (colloquial) contraction of hast du

Middle FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French haste.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

haste f (plural hastes)

  1. haste, speed

DescendantsEdit

  • French: hâte

Norwegian NynorskEdit

VerbEdit

haste (present tense hastar, past tense hasta, past participle hasta, passive infinitive hastast, present participle hastande, imperative haste/hast)

  1. Alternative form of hasta

Old FrenchEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Frankish *hai(f)st (violence, haste), from Proto-Germanic *haifstiz (conflict, struggle).

PronunciationEdit

  • (classical) IPA(key): /ˈhastә/ invalid IPA characters (ә), replace ә with ə
  • (late) IPA(key): /ˈhaːtә/ invalid IPA characters (ә), replace ә with ə

NounEdit

haste f (oblique plural hastes, nominative singular haste, nominative plural hastes)[1]

  1. urgency, haste, speed

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Godefroy, Frédéric, Dictionnaire de l'ancienne langue française et de tous ses dialectes du IXe au XVe siècle (1881) (haste)
  2. ^ http://gtb.inl.nl/iWDB/search?actie=article&wdb=ONW&id=ID2489&article=haast
  3. ^ van der Sijs, Nicoline, editor (2010), “haast1”, in Etymologiebank, Meertens Institute

PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From hasta.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

haste f (plural hastes)

  1. pole
  2. (botany) stem, stalk

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • haste” in Dicionário Priberam da Língua Portuguesa.