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Blend of Middle English hasten (verb), (compare Dutch haasten, German hasten, Danish haste, Swedish hasta (“to hasten, rush”)) and Middle English hast (“haste”, noun), from Old French haste (whence French hâte), from Old Frankish *haist, *haifst (“violence”), from Proto-Germanic *haifstiz (“struggle, conflict”), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱeyp- (“to ridicule, mock, anger”). Akin to Old Frisian hāst, hāste (“haste”), Old English hǣst (“violence”), Old English hǣste (“violent, impetuous, vehement”, adj), Old Norse heift/heipt (“feud”), Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐌹𐍆𐍃𐍄𐍃 (haifsts, “rivalry”). Cognate with German and Danish heftig (“vehement”).
- Speed; swiftness; dispatch.
- We were running late so we finished our meal in haste.
- Bible, 1 Sam. xxi. 8
- The king's business required haste.
- (obsolete) Urgency; sudden excitement of feeling or passion; precipitance; vehemence.
- Bible, Psalms cxvi. 11
- I said in my haste, All men are liars.
- Bible, Psalms cxvi. 11
- (transitive, archaic) To urge onward; to hasten.
- c. 1596–1598, William Shakespeare, “The Merchant of Venice”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act II, scene ii], page 168:
- Baſſ. You may doe ſo, but let it be ſo haſted that ſupper be readie at the fartheſt by fiue of the clocke.
- (intransitive, archaic) To move with haste.
- 1594, “The Wounds of Civill War”, in A Select Collection of Old English Plays, Vol. VII (4th edition):
- The city is amaz'd, for Sylla hastes / To enter Rome with fury, sword and fire.
- 1825, Samuel Johnson, The Works of Samuel Johnson in Nine Volumes:
- He hastes away to another, whom his affairs have called to a distant place, and, having seen the empty house, goes away disgusted by a disappointment which could not be intended, because it could not be foreseen.
- 1881, Thomas Carlyle, Past and Present:
- Samson hastes not; but neither does he pause to rest.
- First-person singular present of hasten.
- First-person singular subjunctive I of hasten.
- Third-person singular subjunctive I of hasten.
- Imperative singular of hasten.
- Contraction of .
- Alternative form of
- Middle French: haste
- French: hâte
- Walloon: hausse (Forrières), håsse (Liégeois)
- → Middle Dutch: haest, haeste, haste, hast (reborrowing)
- → Middle English: haste, hast
- English: haste