Open main menu

Wiktionary β

See also: Houden

Contents

DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Dutch halden, houden, from Old Dutch haldan, from Proto-Germanic *haldaną. Cognate with Low German holden, holen, West Frisian hâlde, English hold, German halten, Danish holde, Swedish hålla.

VerbEdit

houden

  1. (transitive) to keep (in a particular state)
    Je moet je tanden goed schoon houden.
    You should keep your teeth properly clean.
    Ik kan mijn ogen niet meer open houden.
    I can't keep my eyes open anymore.
    Hou je handen thuis!
    Keep your hands off!
  2. (transitive, of animals) to keep, to care for
    Ik wil graag varkens houden, maar dat mag niet.
    I would like to keep pigs, but I'm not allowed.
  3. (clarification of this definition is being sought) (transitive) to hold
    een gesprek houden
    to hold a conversation
  4. (transitive) to hold, to have, to organise (an event)
    Ik hou morgen een feest, kom je ook?
    I'm having a party tomorrow, are you coming too?
    In Parijs werd in 2015 een belangrijke conferentie gehouden over het klimaat.
    In Paris, an important conference was held in 2015 about climate.

InflectionEdit

Inflection of houden (strong class 7, slightly irregular)
infinitive houden
past singular hield
past participle gehouden
infinitive houden
gerund houden n
verbal noun
present tense past tense
1st person singular hou, houd hield
2nd person sing. (jij) houdt hield
2nd person sing. (u) houdt hield
2nd person sing. (gij) houdt hieldt
3rd person singular houdt hield
plural houden hielden
subjunctive sing.1 houde hielde
subjunctive plur.1 houden hielden
imperative sing. hou, houd
imperative plur.1 houdt
participles houdend gehouden
1) Archaic.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit


Middle DutchEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Dutch *holdan, *haldan, from Proto-Germanic *haldaną.

VerbEdit

houden

  1. to hold
  2. to keep
InflectionEdit
Strong class 7
Indicative Present Past
1st singular houde hielt
2nd singular houts, houdes hielts, hieldes
3rd singular hout, houdet hielt
1st plural houden hielden
2nd plural hout, houdet hielt, hieldet
3rd plural houden hielden
Subjunctive Present Past
1st singular houde hielde
2nd singular houts, houdes hieldes
3rd singular houde hielde
1st plural houden hielden
2nd plural hout, houdet hieldet
3rd plural houden hielden
Imperative Present
Singular hout, houde
Plural hout, houdet
Present Past
Participle houdende gehouden
Alternative formsEdit
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

AdjectiveEdit

houden

  1. Alternative spelling of ouden; inflection of out:
    1. masculine accusative and dative singular
    2. neuter dative singular
    3. dative plural

Further readingEdit

  • houden (II)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • houden (I)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929