HungarianEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ ˈjoː]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -joː

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Ugric *jomɜ (*jamɜ) (good). Cognates include Mansi ёмас (ëmas, good, right, nice).[1][2]

AdjectiveEdit

(comparative jobb, superlative legjobb)

  1. good (good for something (can be used for) -ra/-re, good at something -ban/-ben, good for someone (positively affects) -nak/-nek, good to someone [e.g. helping, caring] -hoz/-hez/-höz)
    See synonyms at Thesaurus:jó.
    Antonym: rossz
  2. (used with ideje/ideig, darab, adag, néhány and some other fixed phrases) quite (some), fair (amount of…), considerable, significant, hefty, sizeable
    Synonyms: jókora, jelentős
    ideje vándorolt már.He had been on his way for quite some time.
DeclensionEdit
Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative jók
accusative jót jókat
dative jónak jóknak
instrumental jóval jókkal
causal-final jóért jókért
translative jóvá jókká
terminative jóig jókig
essive-formal jóként jókként
essive-modal
inessive jóban jókban
superessive jón jókon
adessive jónál jóknál
illative jóba jókba
sublative jóra jókra
allative jóhoz jókhoz
elative jóból jókból
delative jóról jókról
ablative jótól jóktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
jóé jóké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
jóéi jókéi
Derived termsEdit

(Terms derived from the jav- stem variant [see below]):

(Terms derived from jobb (better)):

(Terms derived from the jó- stem variant):

Compound words
Expressions

NounEdit

(plural jók or javak)

  1. good thing or person
    Még a jóktól is elvették a javaikat.
    Even the good ones were deprived of their possessions.
    (literally, “Even from the good ones too they took away their goods.”)
  2. B (an academic grade, better than a C and worse than an A) (Uses only the "jó-" stem, not "jav-".)
  3. (plural only) goods, possessions, assets (see at javak)
DeclensionEdit

In the senses “good thing or person” and “B (academic grade)”:

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative jók
accusative jót jókat
dative jónak jóknak
instrumental jóval jókkal
causal-final jóért jókért
translative jóvá jókká
terminative jóig jókig
essive-formal jóként jókként
essive-modal
inessive jóban jókban
superessive jón jókon
adessive jónál jóknál
illative jóba jókba
sublative jóra jókra
allative jóhoz jókhoz
elative jóból jókból
delative jóról jókról
ablative jótól jóktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
jóé jóké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
jóéi jókéi
Possessive forms of
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. jóm jóim
2nd person sing. jód jóid
3rd person sing. jója jói
1st person plural jónk jóink
2nd person plural jótok jóitok
3rd person plural jójuk jóik

In the sense “goods, possessions, assets”:

Inflection (stem in -a-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative javak
accusative javakat
dative javaknak
instrumental javakkal
causal-final javakért
translative javakká
terminative javakig
essive-formal javakként
essive-modal
inessive javakban
superessive javakon
adessive javaknál
illative javakba
sublative javakra
allative javakhoz
elative javakból
delative javakról
ablative javaktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
javaké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
javakéi
Possessive forms of
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. javaim
2nd person sing. javaid
3rd person sing. javai
1st person plural javaink
2nd person plural javaitok
3rd person plural javaik
Derived termsEdit

InterjectionEdit

  1. alright, okay, fine

AdverbEdit

(not comparable)

  1. (informal) quite, pretty
    nagy halat fogtál!You've caught a pretty big fish!

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Uralic *joke[3]. Cognates include Mansi я̄ (â̄, river), Finnish joki (river), Estonian jõgi (river), Karelian jogi (river), Veps jogi (river). Replaced by folyó.

NounEdit

(plural jók)

  1. (obsolete) river (occurs in compound proper names, such as Sajó, Berettyó, Héjő)
DeclensionEdit
Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative jók
accusative jót jókat
dative jónak jóknak
instrumental jóval jókkal
causal-final jóért jókért
translative jóvá jókká
terminative jóig jókig
essive-formal jóként jókként
essive-modal
inessive jóban jókban
superessive jón jókon
adessive jónál jóknál
illative jóba jókba
sublative jóra jókra
allative jóhoz jókhoz
elative jóból jókból
delative jóról jókról
ablative jótól jóktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
jóé jóké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
jóéi jókéi
Possessive forms of
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. jóm jóim
2nd person sing. jód jóid
3rd person sing. jója jói
1st person plural jónk jóink
2nd person plural jótok jóitok
3rd person plural jójuk jóik

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Entry #1760 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungary.
  2. ^ Zaicz, Gábor. Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN
  3. ^ Entry #186 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungary.

Further readingEdit

  • in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh: A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’An Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962.

KpeeEdit

NounEdit

  1. water

ReferencesEdit


Middle VietnameseEdit

VerbEdit

  1. Alternative spelling of gió

ReferencesEdit


NavajoEdit

InterjectionEdit

  1. well, you see, you know, as you know
    Jó, nizhóní!Well, that’s nice.
    Jó, ákótʼé.that’s the way it is.

ConjunctionEdit

  1. since

NooneEdit

VerbEdit

  1. hear

ReferencesEdit


SeenkuEdit

NounEdit

  1. water

ReferencesEdit